2Section 17.1 Action Verbs What is an action verb? A verb that tells what action someone or something is performing.Examples:The typhoon destroyed the village.The boy ran to the playground.Additional noteAction verbs may show visible action or mental action.
3Exercise #1: Identify the action verb in each sentence, and determine if it’s a visible action or mental action.Chinese artists of the Bronze Age made beautiful carvings.made; visibleKings had tombs decorated extravagantly for themselves.decorated; visibleArtists painted the walls with scenes of daily life.painted; visibleThe Chinese remembered their ancestors.remembered; mentalThey hoped for harmony between human beings and nature.hoped; mental
4Transitive and Intransitive Verbs What is a transitive verb?It directs action toward someone or something named in the same sentence.ExampleJenna reads books about Guam.What is an intransitive verb?It does not direct action toward someone or something named in the same sentence.Jenna reads every night before going to bed.
5Exercise #2: Identify the action verb in each sentence Exercise #2: Identify the action verb in each sentence. Then, determine if it’s transitive or intransitive.The Shang people began as a clan of villagers in central China.began; intransitiveTheir rule occurred during two separate periods.occurred; intransitiveThe first period came before the establishment of the capital city.came; intransitiveArchaeologists discovered most of the artifacts from the first period in graves.discovered; transitiveThe art of metalwork advanced greatly during this period.advanced; intransitive
6Kings of the Shang dynasty constructed elaborate tombs. During the second period, the rulers practiced a complex system of ancestor worship.practiced; transitiveKings of the Shang dynasty constructed elaborate tombs.constructed; transitiveThey worried about being remembered.worried; intransitiveArtisans worked with jade, stone, and bronze.worked; intransitiveThey carved the jade in the shape of birds and animals.carved; transitive
7Chapter 17, Section 2 Attention Grabber: Create a sentence showing no action. Examples:Jade is a teacher.isLarry was glad.wasIt could have been worse.could have beenWhat do these sentences have in common?They contain LINKING VERBS.Forms of Be (pg 366)Other Linking Verbs (pg 367)
8Linking Verbs What to know about linking verbs: Example: They do not show action.They help one word in a sentence name or describe the condition of another word in the sentence.Example:The Apollo 13 mission was successful.What is the linking verb?wasWhat two words is it linking?Subject to its information.Subject: Apollo 13 missionInformation: successful
9Steps to identify the linked words Find the linking verb using the example given:The Apollo 13 mission was successful.Linking verb: wasFind the subject of the sentence.Note: A subject is a word or group of words in a sentence that tells whom or what the sentence is about.Subject of above sentenceApollo 13 missionFind the information (description or condition) of subject.successful
10Practice: Underline the linked verb and draw a double-headed arrow to show which words are being linked by the verb.It may be the most famous lunar-landing mission.may be; It - missionIt would be difficult to name a more courageous crew.would be; It – difficultTheir names are James A. Lovell, Jr.; John L. Swigert, Jr.; and Fred Wallace Haise, Jr.are; names – James A. Lovell, Jr.; John L. Swigert, Jr.; Fred Wallace Haise, Jr.These men were aboard during an explosion on the module.were; men - aboard
11Using Other Linking Verbs The astronauts felt concerned after sensing the explosion.felt; astronauts - concernedAfter the system malfunction, the situation turned serious.turned; situation - seriousThe tension in the module grew thick.grew; tension – thickThe levels of oxygen, water, and power appeared lower.appeared; levels - lower
12Based on last practice, it looks like an action verb! Don’t get confused – it’s easy to tell the difference if that’s the case. All you do…Substitute am, are, or is for the verb.Let’s try it out:The Apollo 13 mission seemed routine in its early stages.First, find the verb: seemedSecond, replace seemed with am, are, or is.The Apollo 13 mission am routine in its early stages.The Apollo 13 mission are in its early stages.The Apollo 13 mission is in its early stages.The third one makes sense, so it’s a linking verb.
13ContinuedAn electrical surge turned a successful mission into a perilous one.First, find the verb: turnedSecond, replace the verb with am, are, or is.An electrical surge am a successful mission into a perilous one.An electrical surge are a successful mission into a perilous one.An electrical surge is a successful mission into a perilous one.Do any make sense?No, so it’s an action verb.
14Introduction to Ch17.S3Look at the following sentences. What seems off?I written about my family.I have written about my family.If there is enough time, I go to the ball park to buy tickets.If there is enough time, I will go to the ball park to buy tickets.Answer: They need helping verbs.Example #1: I rake the leaves.What is the verb?rakeHow would you say this if you are going to rake the leaves later?I will rake the leaves.
15On the boardCreate verb phrases for the following by adding helping verbs:playdeciderememberinviteCreate sentences on the board using each verb phrase.Underline the verb phrase and circle the helping verb.
16Exercise #17 Identifying Helping Verbs Did you hear about the Apollo 13 mission?DidMany journalists have written about this historic flight.havePeople will be talking about the events of the Apollo 13 mission for years to come.Will beOn the way to the moon, Apollo 13 must have experienced technical difficulties.Must have
17An electrical surge had occurred inside a fuel cell. The following explosions might have been caused by the electrical surge.might have beenThe astronauts had been taught to enter the lunar module in case of emergency.had beenThey could survive in the lunar module for 45 hours.couldAfter 95 hours in the module, all supplies should have been exhausted.should have beenThe astronauts’ courage has been admired by people throughout the world.has been
18Finding Helping Verbs in Sentences Note: Verb phrases are often interrupted by other words.Examples:Together:They will be flying in the morning.Separated:They will definitely not be going with us.Have you and the others met our friends?
19Exercise #18: Identify the Verb Phrases Exercise #18: Identify the Verb Phrases. Watch out for those that may be separated.Differing accounts have sometimes been written of the events of the Apollo 13 mission.Have been writtenHowever, you will be impressed by the courage of the Apollo 13 crew.Will be impressedHad sparks been created by contact between two electrical wires?Had been createdA fire in space can be caused by any number of sources.Can be caused
20A fire would certainly result in limited supplies. would resultAn astronaut in trouble must always keep a clear mind.must keepFortunately, the Apollo 13 crew had been trained to deal with emergencies.had been trainedThe astronauts did not panic.did panicWith correct propulsion adjustments, the moon’s gravity will send a spacecraft back to Earth.will sendThis voyage may have been the most successful failure in the annals of spaceflight.may have been