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Reconstruction Review. Which of the following was becoming more popular among people in the North during 1850’s? working on small farms. working in factories.

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Presentation on theme: "Reconstruction Review. Which of the following was becoming more popular among people in the North during 1850’s? working on small farms. working in factories."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reconstruction Review

2 Which of the following was becoming more popular among people in the North during 1850’s? working on small farms. working in factories living on small farms living in small towns

3 Which of the following was becoming more popular among people in the North during 1850’s? working on small farms. working in factories living on small farms living in small towns

4 Why did Southerner’s want to preserve slavery? Slaves were their friends Slaves obeyed them. Slavery was profitable for them. Slavery make them feel important.

5 Why did Southerner’s want to preserve slavery? Slaves were their friends Slaves obeyed them. Slavery was profitable for them. Slavery make them feel important.

6 Why did Congress object to Johnson’s Reconstruction plan? Congress wanted stricter laws for African Americans. Congress objected to Johnson’s efforts to limit African Americans’ rights. Congress wanted to allow the South to do as it pleased. Congress wanted laws that were less harsh for the South.

7 Why did Congress object to Johnson’s Reconstruction plan? Congress wanted stricter laws for African Americans. Congress objected to Johnson’s efforts to limit African Americans’ rights. Congress wanted to allow the South to do as it pleased. Congress wanted laws that were less harsh for the South.

8 Who became president after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln? Andrew Jackson Andrew Johnson John Wilkes Booth John Tecumseh Sherman

9 Who became president after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln? Andrew Jackson Andrew Johnson John Wilkes Booth John Tecumseh Sherman

10 Reconstruction ( ) The beginning of the Civil War The rebuilding of the economy and infrastructure of the North. The rebuilding of the economy and infrastructure of the South The expansion of the West

11 Reconstruction ( ) The beginning of the Civil War The rebuilding of the economy and infrastructure of the North. The rebuilding of the economy and infrastructure of the South The expansion of the West

12 Which describes Johnson’s Plan for reconstruction? Kind to the South; quick unification of North and South. Harsh to the South; difficult unification of the North and South

13 Which describes Johnson’s Plan for reconstruction? Kind to the South; quick unification of North and South. Harsh to the South; difficult unification of the North and South

14 Which plan describes the radical republican’s plan for reconstruction? Kind to the South; quick unification of North and South. Harsh to the South; difficult unification of the North and South

15 Which plan describes the radical republican’s plan for reconstruction? Kind to the South; quick unification of North and South. Harsh to the South; difficult unification of the North and South

16 Which amendment gave African Americans citizenship and said that no state could deny the equal protection of the law to all citizens? 13 th 14 th 15 th 16th

17 Which amendment gave African Americans citizenship and said that no state could deny the equal protection of the law to all citizens? 13 th 14 th 15 th 16th

18 Which amendment abolished slavery? 13 th 14 th 15 th 16th

19 Which amendment abolished slavery? 13 th 14 th 15 th 16th

20 Which amendment gave African American’ men the right to vote? 13 th 14 th 15 th 16th

21 Which amendment gave African American’ men the right to vote? 13 th 14 th 15 th 16th

22 Jim Crow Laws allowed African Americans rights as citizens. were created by the North to force the South to join the Union. kept the African Americans as virtual slaves.

23 Jim Crow Laws allowed African Americans rights as citizens. were created by the North to force the South to join the Union. kept the African Americans as virtual slaves.

24 Ku Klux Klan A vigilante group that used fear to limit the freedoms of former slaves. An organization created by the South to integrate public schools. An African religion

25 Ku Klux Klan A vigilante group that used fear to limit the freedoms of former slaves. An organization created by the South to integrate public schools. An African religion

26 Freedmen’s Bureau The law that gave African Americans the right to vote and hold political office. The law that stopped the plantation system. The organization that built hospitals and schools for former African American slaves.

27 Freedmen’s Bureau The law that gave African Americans the right to vote and hold political office. The law that stopped the plantation system. The organization that built hospitals and schools for former African American slaves.

28 Which word means to change? radical reform bribery vigilante impeach

29 Which word means “to change”? radical reform bribery vigilante impeach

30 Freed African American left the South to look for opportunities in the North... Exoduster Impeachment Region Great Migration

31 Freed African American left the South to look for opportunities in the North... Exoduster Impeachment Region Great Migration

32 What were the plans for Reconstruction after the Civil War ended?

33 When the Civil War ended the North and South were still broken apart in beliefs. The South was almost destroyed. The Reconstruction of the South and re-unification of the country was the next obstacle to overcome. There were many plans proposed on how to accomplish this enormous task. One plan proposed by Lincoln and then followed by President Johnson was very lenient on the confederacy. It was designed for quick unification of the North and South. The other, created by the Radical Republicans in congress, was harsh and aimed to punish the South for the war. Allowing the South to re-join the union under this plan would be more difficult.

34 How did the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments affect African Americans?

35 The Thirteenth Amendment gave former slaves their freedom as citizens. Now, under this law, nothing hindered them in their pursuit of happiness. The Fourteenth Amendment gave African Americans full rights as citizens. They would be able to do all the things that slaves could not do in the past. The Amendment gave African Americans full protection for those freedoms. The Fifteenth Amendment gave all male citizens the right to vote. Now African Americans could participate in the political segment of our country.

36 What were the effects of Reconstruction on African Americans?

37 Although the Amendments to the Constitution were ratified, it did not guarantee freedoms to former slaves. The men of the South started Jim Crow Laws and Black Codes which limited their freedoms. These Laws and Codes kept the African American race segregated by law; they could not join the whites in enjoying their lives. Vigilante organizations like the Ku Klux Klan used fear to intimidate former slaves into obeying the Black Codes and Jim Crow Laws. Many African Americans were even lynched. The Freedmen’s Bureau was created to counteract the bad treatment given to the former slaves. This organization built hospitals and schools to care for their needs.

38 Why did economic and social changes occur during Reconstruction?

39 Economic changes occurred because of the change of the system of farming. When slavery was legal, they worked on large farms called plantations for free. After the slaves were given their freedom they no longer had to work at plantations for no salary. However, they needed a place to earn a living. So the former plantation owners established a system of sharecropping where former slaves would rent property in exchange for a percentage of profit. This turned into another form of slavery. The sharecropping owner would demand more than the renters owned so he was still their master.

40 The social changes were big. According to the Thirteenth Amendment, former slaves had all the freedoms any citizen of the USA had. They could go where they wanted to go and do what they wanted to do. They could decide what kinds of jobs they wanted and they could run for political office. Although the Amendments guaranteed these rights, Black Codes and Jim Crow laws made the exercise of these rights almost impossible. Many former slaves looked outside of the South to find their way to true freedoms and happiness.

41 Why did African Americans relocate to the North and the West?

42 Jim Crow laws and Black Codes continued to plague the former slaves. Although they were citizens, they lived in a completely segregated community. Their freedoms were very limited. To pursue their happiness, many former slaves left the South to regions o the USA where they could enjoy their freedoms. The Great Migration is when the Southern African Americans relocated to the cities of the North. Exodusters were former slaves who moved West to settle and have their own freedoms and property.

43 How did Reconstruction impact racial relations in the United States?

44 Before the Civil War there was very little relations between the races. Slaves and freemen did not integrate. After the Civil War, during the Reconstruction, relations began to change. Freed slaves now had rights as citizens. They could pursue the same things other races enjoyed. However, the South created restrictions on their freedoms through laws passed as Black Codes and Jim Crow laws. True integration of the races never did happen. It will not be until 1960’s that integration would be attempted again in the South.


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