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Dairying in India A medium-term Outlook TN Datta (General Manager) National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)

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Presentation on theme: "Dairying in India A medium-term Outlook TN Datta (General Manager) National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Dairying in India A medium-term Outlook TN Datta (General Manager) National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)

2 Indian dairying is based on the ‘low input - low output’ model More than 80 percent of India’s farmers are marginal or small. They own almost 60 percent of the female bovines with only 30 percent of farm land. About 75 percent of the animal owners own 1-3 animals. Only 8 percent of households have herd size in excess of 4 animals. 2

3 Involves lakhs of small farmers, each with 1-3 animals Milk is the largest contributor to Agriculture GDP Value of milk output is Rs. 350 thousand Cr. in (Paddy - Rs. 182 thousand Cr. & wheat - Rs.131 thousand Cr.) Contribution close to 70% of the output from livestock While the share of agriculture is waning in GDP, the same for Livestock is almost constant Offers relatively stable stream of round the year income vis-a-vis crop production, which is weather dependent Dairying in India is more than a business

4 Value of output of milk group in India ( Crore) Source: National Accounts Statistics, CSO, GoI

5 Generates 5-6% of total rural employment Major source of rural employment, especially women employment Major source of subsidiary income Supports 20-30% of rural household income Ensures inclusive growth for rural households Dairying as a livelihood in India

6 Female bovine ownership in rural areas Source: Land and Livestock Survey, 59 th Round, NSSO,

7 Size of herd owned in rural milieu 7 Source: Land and Livestock Survey, 59 th Round, NSSO,

8 Milk production & per capita availability 8 Source: Department of AHD&F, GoI

9 9

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11 Pattern in milk consumption Based on figures for of million tons + Surplus handled by organised private sector is an estimate

12 % Household reported milk consumption Source: Consumer Expenditure Surveys, NSSO, GoI

13 Importance of milk in food basket 13 Source: Consumer Expenditure Surveys, NSSO, GoI

14 Factors influencing milk demand 14 Rising incomeUrbanization Changing food habits Rising milk consuming population Export opportunities Demand Drivers

15 Milk demand Publications by different researchers and analysts indicate high projected demand for milk in the years to follow. Emerging trends indicate that milk demand is likely to be in the range of 200 to 210 million tonnes in

16 Change in WPI (%) 16 Year Food Foodgrain Milk Veg. & fruits Egg, Fish &Meat All Commodities

17 Trade in dairy commodity 17

18 Milk supply and demand Projected milk supply and demand scenario leaves a gap of about million tonnes by To bridge this gap, one of the initiatives taken by GoI and NDDB is National Dairy Plan (NDP) I – A project funded by the World Bank 18

19 Why NDP I ? 19 Growth in milk production during 2002/03 to 2012/13 Interaction effect 10% In-milk animals 51% In-milk yield 39% The major source of growth in milk production is increase in animal numbers Due to limited availability of resources like land, water, feed & fodder; growth in milk production may not sustain in longer run Therefore, increasing the productivity levels of animals is need of the hour

20 National Dairy Plan NDP, with a 15 year horizon, envisaged the following objective: Meet the projected national demand of milk through domestic sources (not imports) by increasing production at the pace required through productivity enhancement, and Strengthen/expand infrastructure for milk procurement, processing and marketing. 20

21 National Dairy Plan Phase I To begin with, the World Bank agreed to support Phase I of NDP for a 6 year period ( to ) with the following Project Development Objective: To help increase productivity of milch animals and thereby increase milk production to meet the rapidly growing demand for milk. To help provide rural milk producers with greater access to the organised milk-processing sector. These objectives to be pursued through focussed scientific & systematic processes in provision of technical inputs supported by appropriate policy and regulatory measures.

22 Project Components P RODUCTIVITY E NHANCEMENT a) Production of high genetic merit (HGM) bulls b) Strengthening existing semen stations / starting new stations c) Setting up a pilot model for viable doorstep AI delivery services d) Improving nutrition of milch animals through Ration Balancing and Fodder Development programme V ILLAGE B ASED M ILK P ROCUREMENT S YSTEMS a) Milk weighing, testing and collection b) Milk cooling c) Support for creating institutional structure d) Training

23 Thank You 23

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