Presentation on theme: "PORTUGAL, november 13, 2005 School Development Project GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY. OPTION. EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY. Mirela ŢIBU – Teacher,"— Presentation transcript:
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Geographic Data - Information of the future November 13, 2005
Our Planet Is Like an Oasis in the Universe Food Food Air / Atmosphere Air / Atmosphere Water Water Energy / Fuel Energy / Fuel Minerals Minerals Medicine Medicine Construction Materials Construction Materials... Our Spaceship Earth... Providing
November 13, 2005 Geography is connected … …with all around us
November 13, 2005 Biodiversity Biodiversity Natural Resources Natural Resources Energy Energy Climate (Global Warming) Climate (Global Warming) Water Water Urbanization Resource Consumption Consumption Population And It Is Not Sustainable Creating High Demand on the Environment Creating High Demand on the Environment Pollution Humans Are Having an Increased Effect on Our Planet
November 13, 2005 Geography and GIS Provide a Promising Framework for Understanding What’s Going On ResourcesResources ProcessesProcesses RelationshipsRelationships Threats/RisksThreats/Risks DependenciesDependencies... Improving Our Scientific Knowledge
November 13, 2005... GIS Provides a Process for Guiding and Integrating Human Activities Many Scales Many Fields... And a Framework For Action Action Decide Observe Measure Analyze Plan
November 13, 2005 GIS is developing ProjectSystemNetwork Integrated Co-ordinated Distributed
November 13, 2005 Computerized instrument to define and analyze any elements or events that have a geographic component. System organized with informatics method, that allows to define, build, update and exploitation of geo-topographic maps. Modern technology that analyze information about the real position of the data with their significations. What is GIS?
November 13, 2005 A static map A GPS A simple software package What isn’t GIS?
November 13, 2005 GIS Components GIS Date Software Peopleware Procedures Hardware
November 13, 2005 Two methods to introduce and see the data in a GIS system Raster – Grid –“pixels” –A location and a value –Satellite images and photos are in this edition Real world Vector – Linear - Dots, lines & polygons - “characteristic” (houses, lakes, roads, buildings etc.) - Ascribes (dimension, type, length, area etc.)
November 13, 2005 How GIS works The data is organized like a collection of thematic layers
November 13, 2005 The layers contain specific features Dots Lines Polygons Text
November 13, 2005 The limit and the integration parts allows... …visualization of the entire Social factors Biological factors Engineering factors Area utilization Environment factors
November 13, 2005 Introduction Storage Administration Interrogation Analysis Viewing GIS development steps The geographical data are the main material in a GIS.
November 13, 2005 A software solution: ArcView GIS application by ESRI integrate maps, graphs, tables, pictures mapping Visual instruments editing of geographical and tabular information complex tool set for using texts, charts, layouts included programming framework (the Avenue language) capabilities of interrogate and identifying maps characteristics complex capacitates of analyzes (extensions) Viewing
November 13, 2005 Basic elements in project development with ArcView GIS Shape View - Shape collection Chart Tables Layout Avenue Scripts
November 13, 2005 Types of data used in ArcView GIS Geographical dataGeographical data- - shape files (.shp), themes from databases, files saved in AutoCAD through maps digitizing (.dwg); Attribute dataAttribute data - tables data from.dbf files, Excel files, database servers as ORACLE, SYBASE etc, ASCII files Imagine data – (.jpg,.gif)Imagine data – (.jpg,.gif) Grid dataGrid data - they need the Spatial Analyst Extension
November 13, 2005 Exploring the world using GIS transforms data into information and information into knowledge Data interrogation (Query)Data interrogation (Query) finding the optimal paths through given points (Network Analyst) identifying all features with specific properties Dates analysis Spatial Analyst Special analyze for business environment (Business Analyst)
November 13, 2005 Who can use ArcView GIS? Emergency servicesEmergency services – Police department, Firemen department, Ambulance Agencies of environment protectionAgencies of environment protection- Monitorizing & Modelling BusinessBusiness– Distribution systems, client profile analysis, zone comparing, detailed reports, etc Transportation, CommunicationsTransportation, Communications NNetworks utilities InstitutionsInstitutions– local, regional, governmental Education –Education – research, didactic process, etc AdministrationAdministration – institution, county, regional or national level
November 13, 2005 The geographic information is the future of information. specialists beneficiaries For the development and efficient usage of this kind of information there must be trained specialists and educated the beneficiaries… Where do we have to start? From school!
November 13, 2005 How can we get inside the GIS world? informing (presentations, Internet, specialized material) interdisciplinary classes (geography- computer science) even from the beginning classes, for understanding the concepts collaboration with other schools or institutions that use this technology taking the necessary steps for obtaining free educational software license for GIS (ex. ArcView GIS) introduction of some optional curricula based on GIS technologies Useful Links www.esri.com www.gisday.com ww.geosystems.ro
November 13, 2005 The Advantages of promoting GIS in schools initiation of future beneficiaries forming specialists developing of some viable partnerships between schools and institutions by involving the students in the creation of GIS projects useful to community forming the team-work ability by assuming roles and responsabilities making contact with the socio- profesional sphere, with the actual necessity of society enhacing creativity
November 13, 2005 GIS in schools Extensive Courses Follows the discipline’s analytical curricula developed by MEN (National Education Dpt) Interdisciplinary Courses Optional Courses Follows the curricula developed by the teacher / teachers of that course OPTIONAL CURRICULA
November 13, 2005 GIS technology – optional curricula Argument: The impact of GIS on the society reveal that an essential component of school education, is represented by the study of GIS concepts. Developing students abilities in communicate and using geographic data will create the premises of their future implication in designing and updating useful GIS.
November 13, 2005 General objectives the description of essential concepts of GIS technologythe description of essential concepts of GIS technology Developing abilities to use specialized software applications (ex. ArcView GIS) for GIS implementationDeveloping abilities to use specialized software applications (ex. ArcView GIS) for GIS implementation developing skills for team-workingdeveloping skills for team-working Enlarge the area of selection for future careerEnlarge the area of selection for future career
November 13, 2005Frequency 1 hour/ week Duration of course 1 – 4 years – depending on the level of theoretic acquisitions and practical abilities and on the number of solicitors Place Computer science laboratories Number of students 12-16 students/class
GIS Projects developed by “Grigore Moisil” Computer Science High School students with the permanent support of the IT specialists in ROMTELECOM Iasi Iaşi – Public Utilities Guide Palace of Culture Iaşi Paşcani - Public Utilities GuideSC. TOMIRIS SA Paşcani - Public Utilities Guide SC. TOMIRIS SA Cultural CopouTeatrul “Luceafărul” Historical Center of IaşiNaţional Theatre Computer Science High School Botanical Garden Environment factors in Iaşi “EuroEd” Private School School Net of Iaşi Cathedral of Moldova and Bucovina November 13, 2005
“ GIS applications are limited only by the imagination of those who use them.” Jack Dangermond - ESRI President