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The Literacy Barrier Pat Hall, GILC / OU with help and ideas from Roger Tucker, outside echo Alan Blackwell, Cambridge University.

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Presentation on theme: "The Literacy Barrier Pat Hall, GILC / OU with help and ideas from Roger Tucker, outside echo Alan Blackwell, Cambridge University."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Literacy Barrier Pat Hall, GILC / OU with help and ideas from Roger Tucker, outside echo Alan Blackwell, Cambridge University

2 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC2 motivation ICTs “among the most important contributors to growth and sustainable development” (EU response to WSIS) –so, everybody should have access, right? Literacy rates –global 78% males 67% females –poor countries70% 53% –Nepal56% 21% Persistent Have we really localised ICTs if we exclude illiterate people?

3 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC3 Open Knowledge Network - Lenses that block 99 to 100% of ultra violet (UV) rays. Wearing sunglasses that do not provide UV protection can cause more damage to your eyes than wearing none at all. The dark lenses often used on sunglasses, naturally cause pupils to dilate and allow more harmful radiation to penetrate and demage the eye. -Proper fit. Sunglasses that do not fit properly can slip away, reducing sun protection. -Use of durable materials. The frame should be made of a flexible material that will not crack or break easily. Source: Optometrist Association of Zimbabwe 2003 bulletin Item Safire-Mutambara-C_329 created by Isaac Mutandiwa at Mutambara. Created on 28/07/2005 at 10:59, published on 10/08/2005 at 15:08, and will expire on 28/09/2005 at 00:00. Item will be distributed to all Safire APs. Subject areas: Health. Of interest to: Citizens. What to look for in sunglasses now in Nepal - समुदाय जानकारी केन्द्र

4 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC4 Honey Bee Newsletter

5 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC5 What is writing for? to preserve speech –a recording technology written form close to spoken form, –though can diverge but also mediates asynchronous communication at a distance BUT – don’t we have better technology today?

6 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC6 normal prostheses Audio recorders –play / record / fast-back / fast-forward / counter speech technologies in computers –TTS can receive the knowledge in writing –How to contribute? ASR needs method of confirmation –depends on written form Do we really need the written form?

7 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC7 finding out what is needed oral cultures – Walter Ong knowledge passed on orally, formulaically –Homeric poems, Panini grammars additive rather than subordinate aggregative rather than analytic, cliched redundant and copious conservative, traditionalist close to human lifeworld “agonistic”, combative empathetic, participatory, not objectively distanced homeostatic, live in present, forget the irrelevant situational rather than abstract

8 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC8 finding out what is needed dyslexics as ‘model’ Roger Tucker’s study text-disabled – dyslexic students think in other ways need help in organising thoughts structured presentation of materials prefer speaking styles –storytelling, interview, commentary –NOT presentation, spontaneous dialogue, reading from text

9 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC9 usage scenarios take photographs, explain in speech hot-spots to click if you want explanation tell story, illustrate with pictures pop-up as the speech reaches it pictures could be line drawings how else might it be done?

10 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC10 audio-visual web-page editor

11 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC11 intelligent speech recorder

12 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC12 speech typography Alan Blackwell proposals wants to create in speech –paragraphs –headings at various levels –emphasis –lists –... everything we use for written text.

13 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC13 why no pictures ? - Lenses that block 99 to 100% of ultra violet (UV) rays. Wearing sunglasses that do not provide UV protection can cause more damage to your eyes than wearing none at all. The dark lenses often used on sunglasses, naturally cause pupils to dilate and allow more harmful radiation to penetrate and demage the eye. -Proper fit. Sunglasses that do not fit properly can slip away, reducing sun protection. -Use of durable materials. The frame should be made of a flexible material that will not crack or break easily. Source: Optometrist Association of Zimbabwe 2003 bulletin Item Safire-Mutambara-C_329 created by Isaac Mutandiwa at Mutambara. Created on 28/07/2005 at 10:59, published on 10/08/2005 at 15:08, and will expire on 28/09/2005 at 00:00. Item will be distributed to all Safire APs. Subject areas: Health. Of interest to: Citizens. What to look for in sunglasses ? bandwidth problems ?

14 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC14 evaluation knowledge sharing networks Honey Bee network in Ahmedabad Open Knowledge Network from Oneworld Scenario illiterate person has traditional knowledge digital photos taken on the spot explains knowledge

15 13 Sept 2005 LRC-X GILC15 summing up developing speech plus pictures editor to match the best of text speech is language neutral ! have design spec from Roger Tucker developing and evaluating in Nepal anticipate bandwidth problems funded by Leverhulme


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