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Sharing the Road Chapter 13. 13-1 Pedestrians  A pedestrian is a person who uses or crosses the roadway on foot or by means of a self propelled device.

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Presentation on theme: "Sharing the Road Chapter 13. 13-1 Pedestrians  A pedestrian is a person who uses or crosses the roadway on foot or by means of a self propelled device."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sharing the Road Chapter 13

2 13-1 Pedestrians  A pedestrian is a person who uses or crosses the roadway on foot or by means of a self propelled device other than a bicycle  Running, walking, jogging, skating, wheelchairs, crutches  Encounter on city streets, school areas, shopping areas, & residential areas

3 Driver Responsibilities to Pedestrians  Drivers must give right-of-way to any pedestrian crossing the street at an intersection, using a crosswalk, or using the sidewalk when crossing an entrance to a driveway or alley  Must give right-of-way to blind people  Give right-of-way to any pedestrian since you are protected and they are not  Most vehicle/pedestrian collisions happen at intersections  Either the pedestrian crosses illegally or drivers running red lights  Vision is blocked behind bigger vehicles  Pedestrians step in front of vehicles – not paying attention  What you can do:  Stop at the stop line or crosswalk  If none, pretend

4 Pedestrian Responsibilities to Driver  Pedestrians have a much better view of the road than drivers, fewer distractions, and can stop or change direction quicker than a vehicle  Use common sense and remember you are vulnerable  Wait for gaps in cross traffic – do not assume they are going to stop for you  The more time the driver has to see you, the better prepared they will be to slow down  Less distance to cover

5 Jaywalking  Crossing the street without regard for traffic rules or signals  Most dangerous form – crossing at a place other than an intersection or crosswalk  Laws prohibit jaywalking  Things to indicate someone may jaywalk:  Long blocks  Bad weather  People being late  Unsupervised children  The more people around, the higher the risk

6 13-2 Bicycles  Commonly found in residential areas, in certain business districts, school areas, scenic roads, park areas  Used for both recreation and transportation for all ages – don’t need a license  Bicyclists are vulnerable because they ride next to vehicles  Pay extra attention to them and aid in their safety

7 Driver Responsibilities to Bicyclists  Expect sudden moves  hazards can force bicyclists to swerve suddenly  In residential areas, bicyclists will ride in the middle of the street and disregard signs  Be alert for children  Don’t pass if the street is too narrow for you to pass safely  Create a wide space when passing, especially at high speeds  Use your horn if needed  Always check blind spots when turning or changing lanes

8 Bicyclist Responsibilities to Drivers  Must signal all turns with hand signals, stop at all intersections, ride on the right-hand side of the street or in a designated lane instead of the sidewalk  Wear proper safety equipment  Make sure your bike is working properly  Avoid:  Driving against the flow of traffic  Going too fast for hills  Ignoring signs and signals  Riding in the middle of the street  Disregarding right-of-way  Can be ticketed for all of these – even as a rider

9 13-3 Motorcycles  Motorcycle  Any two- or three- wheeled motor vehicle having a seat for riders and weighing less than 1500 pounds with at least a 15 horsepower engine  More powerful than automobiles  High speed and acceleration  More maneuverable  Motorcyclists  Directly exposed to the elements  Hearing is reduced  Rocks and dirt kicked up  Virtually no protection  One of the most dangerous forms of transportation

10 Driver Responsibilities to Motorcycles  Failure to spot motorcycles is the primary cause of crashes involving motorcycles  Smaller than vehicles  Train yourself to look for them while you drive  Double check your estimates  Easy to misjudge due to their small size  Motorcycles also can’t see you  Mirrors are small, so assume that the rider can’t see you  Riders need all the space within their lane to make moves if needed  Potholes don’t bother us as drivers, but can affect a rider tremendously  Increase your following distance and space cushion  When being passed, maintain your lane position  Let the motorcycle pass  When passing, be cautious, especially if there is a passenger  Any wrong move by the passenger can affect the motorcycle

11 Motorcyclists Responsibilities to Drivers  Keep your motorcycle in proper working condition  Wear proper safety equipment  Glasses or goggles, helmet, leather boots, abrasion resistant clothing, rain suit, bright clothing  Ride to the side of a lane, not in the middle  Left side of the lane is the best because if gives you the best view of traffic ahead  Makes you more visible to other drivers  Don’t follow too closely  The closer you are, the less time you have to react  Don’t ride in blind spots, weave in and out of traffic, “split lanes”-riding between lanes of slow or stopped traffic (legal in some places)  Slow down and reduce speed at intersections, driveways, parking spaces, and other dangerous spots for motorcycles

12 Mopeds & Motorized Cycles  Moped  Any two- or three- wheeled device with pedals that has an automatic transmission  A motor less than 2 horsepower  Cannot exceed 30 mph  Riders should ride them on the right side of the road  Avoid riding on higways

13 13-4 Trucks & Buses  Commercial Trucks, often called “semis” are easy to see, but the most dangerous  Bigger vehicle –  slower acceleration  larger blind spot  more room needed to maneuver  longer it takes to stop  Driver of the car is almost always the one killed in a fatal crash involving both types of vehicles

14 “No Zones”  Large blind spots of trucks are called “no zones”  In addition to blind spots on either side of the cab, there is a 200 feet deep blind spot behind the truck  Driver can’t see you, you can’t see them  There is another blind spot 20 feet in front of the bumper  Cars could move into this area and be completely unnoticed by the driver

15 Driving Behind Trucks  Increase your following distance  Rule – if you can see their side mirrors, they can see you  Compensate for the trucks loss of speed when going uphill  Allow more room for the truck to maneuver at a stop  Rocking backward before forward

16 Passing Trucks  Know how long the truck is  Type of terrain  Upgrade, downgrade  Don’t cut right back in front of the truck you are passing  Wait until you can see the cab of the truck in your rearview mirror before pulling back  Compensate for the “wind effect”  Try not to pass 2 trucks at one time

17 Merging Trucks  Trucks need extra time to adjust to high speed traffic  Slow down and move to another lane to allow the truck to safely enter the roadway Oncoming Trucks  Biggest cause for collisions is the inability of motorists to accurately determine the speed of approaching vehicles before making a left turn  When in doubt, wait!  Large trucks use air brakes  Take longer to stop than hydraulic brakes  If you guess wrong when passing, the truck can’t stop  Takes more than 100 yards to stop for an average truck going 55 mph

18 Off-Tracking  Occurs when a truck driver swings wide on a turn  Greater on right turns than left because the turns are sharper and the turn radius of the rear of the truck is less  If you are approaching an intersection and see a truck wanting to make a turn:  Reduce your speed  Stay far enough back from the intersection so that the truck can maneuver efficiently  If you are already at the intersection and there is enough room to back up, do it

19 Commercial Buses  Buses present many of the same problems as trucks  Long, heavy, and difficult to maneuver or stop  Large blind spots  Can have a deceptively fast approach  Take a long time to pass  Go slower uphill and faster downhill  Make wide turns  Produce wind effect at high speeds  The unique danger – buses make frequent stops to drop off or pick up passengers  When following:  Increase your following distance  Improves visibility and reaction time  If the bus is stopped, use caution  Blocking view of cross traffic  Pedestrians getting on or off  Do not pass a bus on the right

20 School Buses  Children are unaware of traffic rules and safety  Less predictable  When a bus is stopped and has the stop sign arm extended you must come to a complete stop  Unless you are on the opposite side of a divided roadway  Resume driving only once the bus begins moving  Give bus extra space cushioning, especially when passing  Drivers can be distracted

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