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The Belle II Silicon Vertex Detector Markus Friedl (HEPHY Vienna) for the Belle II SVD Group VCI, 13 February 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "The Belle II Silicon Vertex Detector Markus Friedl (HEPHY Vienna) for the Belle II SVD Group VCI, 13 February 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Belle II Silicon Vertex Detector Markus Friedl (HEPHY Vienna) for the Belle II SVD Group VCI, 13 February 2013

2 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD2 Introduction Front-End Electronics Performance Summary

3 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD3 Introduction Front-End Electronics Performance Summary

4 KEKB and KEK ( )  Center of mass energy: Y(4S) (10.58 GeV)  High intensity beams (1.6 A & 1.3 A)  Integrated luminosity of 1 ab -1 recorded in total  Belle mentioned explicitly in 2008 Physics Nobel Prize announcement to Kobayashi and Masukawa Linac Belle KEKB ~1 km in diameter KEKB Belle Linac About 60km northeast of Tokyo  Asymmetric machine: 8 GeV e - on 3.5 GeV e + 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD4

5 SuperKEKB/Belle II Upgrade: 2010–2015  Aim: super-high luminosity ~8  cm -2 s -1  1  BB / year  LoI published in 2004; TDR published in 2010  Refurbishment of accelerator and detector required  nano-beams with cross-sections of ~10 µm x 60 nm  10 mm radius beam pipe at interaction region 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD5

6 Belle II Vertexing Subdetectors 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD6 Silicon Vertex Detector (SVD) 4 layers of DSSDs Pixel Detector (PXD) 2 layers of DEPFET pixels

7 Belle II Vertexing Environment  Low energy machine (10.58 GeV) – multiple scattering  Needs very low mass detector  PXD DEPFET sensors are thinned to 75 µm  SVD uses “Origami chip-on-sensor” concept  High luminosity – occupancy/pile-up  Need small sensitive area and/or fast readout  PXD has small cell size (50 x 50 µm 2 )  SVD has fast shaping (50 ns) and hit time reconstruction (~3 ns)  Radiation –  100 kGy  Magnetic field – 1.8 T 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD7

8 Silicon Vertex Detector Concept  Use largest possible (6”) double-sided sensors (DSSDs)  Minimize relative amount of structural material  Fast shaping readout  Minimize occupancy  Fast readout implies higher noise  Noise is mainly determined by input capacitance  Place readout chips as close as possible to sensor strips  Minimize capacitive load by avoiding long fanouts  Use efficient CO2 cooling  Allows thin cooling pipes 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD8

9 Belle II Vertex Detector  Pixel Detector – 8M pixels  2 DEPFET layers at r = 14, 22 mm  Excellent and unambiguous spatial resolution (~15 µm)  Coarse time resolution (20 µs)  Silicon Vertex Detector – 220k strips  4 DSSD layers at r = 38, 80, 104, 135 mm  Good spatial resolution (~12/25 µm) but ambiguities due to ghosting  Excellent time resolution (~3 ns)  Combining both parts yields a very powerful device! 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD9

10 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD10 Introduction Front-End Electronics Performance Summary

11 Front-End Geometry  4 layers arranged in ladders  Outer 3 layers have slanted forward part  Limited acceptance angle (17°…150°) allows to place services outside (cyan cones) while minimizing material within 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD11

12 Double-Sided Silicon Sensors  3 different types required  Large rectangular sensors – 123 x 58 mm 2 (HPK)  Small rectangular sensors – 123 x 38 mm 2 (HPK)  Trapezoidal sensors – 123 x 58…38 mm 2 (Micron)  Production is in progress  Presently ~60% delivered 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD12

13 Origami Chip-on-Sensor Concept  Low-mass double-sided readout  Flex fanout pieces wrapped to opposite side  All chips aligned on one side  single cooling pipe (D = 1.6 mm) 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD13 Side View (below)

14 Origami Prototype Modules  Single Origami module  Double Origami module 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD14

15 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD15 APV25 chips Cooling pipe Origami ladder Sensor underneath flex circuit Pitch adapter bent around sensor edge End ring (support)

16 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD16 Introduction Front-End Electronics Performance Summary

17 General SVD Readout Scheme  Based on existing prototype system (2007) verified in lab and beam tests 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD APV25 chips Front-end hybrids Rad-hard DC/DC converters Analog level translation, data sparsification and hit time reconstruction Unified Belle II DAQ system ~2m copper cable Junction box ~10m copper cable FADC Unified optical data link (>20m) Finesse Transmitter Board (FTB) COPPER DATCONONSEN

18 APV25 Front-End Chip  Developed for CMS by IC London and RAL  70,000 chips running in the CMS Tracker since 2008  40 MHz clock; 128 channels; 192 cells deep analog pipeline  50 ns (adjustable) shaping time  0.25 µm CMOS process (>100 MRad tolerant)  Low noise: 250 e + 36 e/pF  Multi-peak mode (read out several samples along shaping curve) 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD18

19 Junction Box 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD19  CERN-made DC/DC converters for front-end powering  Comparative measurement: no noise penalty

20 FADC Block Diagram  Analog & digital level translation between  bias and GND  Digitization, signal conditioning (FIR filter), data processing  Central FPGA is an Altera Stratix IV GX 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD20

21 FADC: Overall Concept  9U VME module (needs much space for level translation circuits)  Circuit is designed, now PCB layout is made 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD21

22 The “Human” Touch… 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD22

23 FTB: Link to DAQ and PXD  Firmware development ongoing  Optical link tests at 2.54 and Gb/s successful  Second iteration of PCB for minor corrections underway  SVD data are also streamed to PXD for online data reduction 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD23

24 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD24 Introduction Front-End Electronics Performance Summary

25 Hit Time Reconstruction Benefits  Sufficient to cope with a 40-fold increase in luminosity 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD25 Belle I SVD Belle II SVD

26 Achieved Hit Time Resolution 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD26  Results achieved in beam tests with several different types of Belle II prototype modules (covering a broad range of SNR)  ns RMS accuracy at typical cluster SNR ( )  Will be done in FPGA (using lookup tables) – simulation successful Close to theoretical limit (G. De Geronimo, in “Medical Imaging” by K. Iniewski)

27 Z Vertex Resolution  Belle II (PXD & SVD) will be a factor 2 better than Belle (SVD only) 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD27

28 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD28 Introduction Front-End Electronics Performance Summary

29  Belle II Vertex Detector consists of  Pixel Detector (PXD): unambiguous spatial resolution  Silicon Vertex Detector (SVD): precise timing  Silicon Vertex Detector  4 layers of 6” double-sided silicon sensors  APV25 front-end chip with 50 ns shaping time  Origami chip-on-sensor readout concept for low mass  Highly efficient CO2 cooling  Schedule  R&D completed, construction has started  Now building final prototypes (pre-series) 13 February 2013M.Friedl (Belle II SVD Group): The Belle II SVD29


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