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CHAPTER 13 FINANCIALDECISIONMAKING FINANCIAL PYRAMID FINANCIAL PYRAMIDCREDIT SAVINGS SAVINGS & GOAL PLANNING GOAL PLANNING FINANCIAL FINANCIAL DECISION.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 13 FINANCIALDECISIONMAKING FINANCIAL PYRAMID FINANCIAL PYRAMIDCREDIT SAVINGS SAVINGS & GOAL PLANNING GOAL PLANNING FINANCIAL FINANCIAL DECISION."— Presentation transcript:

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2 CHAPTER 13 FINANCIALDECISIONMAKING

3 FINANCIAL PYRAMID FINANCIAL PYRAMIDCREDIT SAVINGS SAVINGS & GOAL PLANNING GOAL PLANNING FINANCIAL FINANCIAL DECISION MAKING DECISION MAKING NEGOTIATING NEGOTIATING BUDGETING BUDGETING (first seminar) (first seminar)

4 PRINCIPLES OF FINANCIAL DECISION MAKING Thinking with your head, not your emotions. Determining which decision will provide the greatest amount of benefit. Know the length of benefit you are interested in maximizing. (short term, intermediate term or long term) Forgetting about lost cost! Calculating opportunity cost. Don’t use long term debt to pay off short term needs.

5 DECISION MAKING HOW MANY MAJOR FINANCIAL DECISIONS WILL YOU MAKE IN YOUR LIFE? (AVG.) HOW MANY MAJOR FINANCIAL DECISIONS WILL YOU MAKE IN YOUR LIFE? (AVG.)23

6 MAJOR DECISIONS Buying vehicles (8) Purchasing primary residence (6) When you start saving for retirement (1) When you start saving for college for your children or do you? (1) Should you go back to get additional education? (3) When do you get married or do you? (2) Should you have a child (2)

7 WHEN TO START SAVING FOR RETIREMENT AGE 22AGE 45 YEARLY DEPOSIT$4,000$4,000 YEARS TO SAVE RATE OF RETURN 8% 8% RESULTS $1,318,332 $183,047

8 WHEN TO START SAVING FOR COLLEGE EDUCATION 19 YEARS PRIOR 3 YEARS PRIOR 19 YEARS PRIOR 3 YEARS PRIOR MUST SAVE $266/MO MUST SAVE $3,300/MO FOR MOST PEOPLE $266/MO IS AN OPTION, HOWEVER FOR THOSE WHO WAIT, MOST TAKE A SECOND MORTGAGE OUT TO PAY FOR COLLEGE WHICH WILL END UP COSTING THEM AN ADDITIONAL $240,000 OF INTEREST.

9 TRADITIONAL IRA OR ROTH IRA RETIREMENT TAX BRACKET 15% 38% 15% 38% DED. IRA $2,363 $1,720 ROTH IRA $1,838 $1,838 TAX. INV. $ 369 $ 318 THE DECISION IS BASED ON YOUR FUTURE TAX BRACKET AND INCOME.

10 REBATE VS INTEREST RATE WHICH ONE IS A BETTER DEAL? WHICH ONE IS A BETTER DEAL? PERCENTAGE RATE 0% 4% CASH REBATE $1,500 $2,500 SAVINGS RATE 2.5%2.5% SAVINGS $1,175 $1,446 WHICH METHOD IS BETTER? INTEREST CASH REBATE

11 CREDIT CARD INTEREST HOW IMPORTANT IS THE INTEREST RATE? HOW IMPORTANT IS THE INTEREST RATE? 12% 22% 12% 22% AMOUNT OWED $8,000 $8,000 FUTURE CHARGES 200/MO. 200/M0. MONTHLY PAY. $ 300 $ 350 INTEREST CHARGES $9,044 $55,506 TOTAL COST DIFF. $46,462

12 NEW OR USED VEHICLE? NEW USED NEW USED AVG. PURCHASE PRICE$21,000 $11,000 AVG. MAINT. PER YEAR 2,000 3,000 MONTHLY PAYMENT TOTAL DEPRECIATION 18,316 8,886 TOTAL INTEREST PAID (5%) 2,777 1,455 TOTAL COST (5 YEARS) $52,093$36,341 (The used car will save you about $15,000 plus investment return over a 5 year period.)

13 REFINANCE OR NOT? CURRENT LOAN$140,000 CURRENT INTEREST RATE 7.50% NEW INTEREST RATE 4.50% TOTAL COST TO REFINANCE$ 2,100 STAY IN HOUSE 7 YEARS REFINANCING WILL SAVE $21,252 OVER THE SEVEN YEARS. ONE YEAR PAYBACK PERIOD. GREAT DEAL!

14 SHOULD SPOUSE WORK OR NOT? First you must consider why you need the extra money. Is it to increase your status or is it to save for emergencies? Know why so you don’t just work harder and buy more things. (Nice emergency fund below!) Scenario: Extra Income $2,000 Less: Taxes 410 Less: Extra Exp. 946 Monthly Benefit$ 644 or $7,728/yr. ______

15 CONSOLIDATE DEBT OR NOT? If you have two different loans and three credit cards, would it be wise to consolidate using a home equity line of credit: Current LoansConsolidation Loan Total Principle $ 9,800 $ 9,800 Total interest 4,717 2,424 Other cost Investment Savings -0-(634) Tax savings -0- (819) Total Cost $14,817 $ 11, $ 3,671 TOTAL SAVINGS OF $ 3,671

16 FIXED OR ADJUSTABLE RATE? TYPE OF LOAN VARIABLEFIXED FIXED LOAN AMT. $140K $140K $140K TERM 5/30 YR. 15 YR. 30 YR. 5 YR. RATE 2.5% AVG. 30 YEAR RATE 7.0% 3.5% 4.5% 30 YR. COSTS $330,037 $180,000 $255,240 SAVINGS $ -0- $150,037 $ 74,797

17 WHAT IS IT WORTH TO REDUCE MY SPENDING? 1 yr. 10 yrs. 30 yrs. 1 yr. 10 yrs. 30 yrs. Waiting to buy a new car $2,640 $32,454 $152,434 Eating out less 600 7,376 34,644 Buying fewer clothes 1,200 14,752 69,288 Taking fewer trips 600 7,376 34,644 Going to fewer movies 360 4,426 20,786 Paying off credit cards/mo. 1,800 22, ,932 Carpooling to work 300 3,688 17,322 Total Savings $ 7,500 $92,200 $433,051 ROI 5% 30 yr. $998,896

18 WHAT IS THE VALUE OF HIGHER EDUCATION? Should you strive for a graduate degree? At what age is this useful? (Break even point is about age 45) Income with Bachelors $2,125,433 Income with Masters 3,004,433 (Subtotal) $ 879,000 Less: Educational Cost 150,000 Lost wages 100,000 Lost wages 100,000 Increased Taxes 290,000 Increased Taxes 290,000 Total Financial Benefit$ 339,000 _________ _________

19 SHOULD I PAY POINTS TO LOWER MY INTEREST? The average family stays in their home for an average of seven years prior to moving! LESSMORE POINTSPOINTS LOAN AMOUNT$140,000$140,000 INTEREST RATE 6.5% 6.0% DISCOUNT POINTS 1.0% 2.0% FINANCIAL BENEFIT (SAVINGS):$1,956

20 TERM OR UNIVERSAL LIFE? INVESTING IN LIFE INSURANCE IS A PERSONAL CHOICE AND A FINANCIAL CHOICE. BOTH CHOICES DON’T ALWAYS COINCIDE WITH EACH OTHER. UNIVERSALTERM POLICY AMOUNT$350,000$350,000 PREMIUMS$150/MO.$50 CASH VALUE (AFTER 50 YRS) 5.21% 7.95% ROR ON INV. BEST FIN. DEC. ( May or may not be wisest choice) x (Assuming the insured invests the difference in premiums at 4% return.)

21 SHOULD I MAKE EXTRA PAYMENTS ON MY HOUSE? No With ExtraExtra PmtsPmts Principal & Int.$885/mo.$985/mo. Taxes Mortg. Ins Total Interest Paid$178,562$128,255 TOTAL SAVINGS N/A$50,307


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