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The Troubled Church - Chapter 13:iv - [Image source:

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1 The Troubled Church - Chapter 13:iv - [Image source:

2 The papacy came under the influence of the French monarchy in 1305 when a French archbishop was elected Pope Clement V. [Image source:

3 In order to avoid the civil wars ravaging Italy, the pope moved his court to the city of Avignon in southern France. [Image source: s/roughmagic/images/avignon- map_lg.jpg]

4 During the period from 1305 to 1377 when the papal court remained in Avignon, only French cardinals were appointed. [Image source: ]

5 This period of exile is known as the Babylonian Captivity. [Image source:

6 Many people feared the church would become corrupted by worldly power and neglect their spiritual duties. [Image source: /p_nob/p_nobile_sala1_12.jpg]

7 “Here reigns the successors of the poor fisherman of Galilee; they have strangely forgotten their origin, I am astounded... To see these men loaded with gold and clad in purple, boasting of the spoils of princes and nations.”

8 Pope Gregory XI left Avignon and returned to Rome in [Image source:

9 Upon Gregory’s death, an Italian mob forced the College of Cardinals to elect an Italian pope. [Image source:

10 The cardinals later declared the election invalid and elected another pope, who took up residence in Avignon. [Image source:

11 The period from 1377 to 1417 when there were two popes is referred to as the Great Schism. [Image source:

12 In 1409 a council was held in Pisa to unite the Church under one pope. [Image source:

13 The result was for a brief time there were three popes. [Image source:

14 The Great Schism ended when Martin V was elected pope in 1414 at the Council of Constance in Germany. [Image source:

15 This period of disunity led people increasingly to transfer their loyalty to their monarchs. [Image source:

16 Common people especially disliked simony – the selling of church positions.

17 English scholar John Wycliffe criticized the Church’s wealth, corruption, and papal claims to absolute authority. [Image source:

18 John Wycliffe (circa ) English philosopher, theologian, and religious reformer -a forerunner of the Protestant Reformation translated the Bible into English

19 Wycliffe’s beliefs believed in a direct relationship between humanity and God -no need of priestly mediation believed Christians could govern themselves without the aid of popes and prelates

20 Additional beliefs of John Wycliffe denounced as unscriptural many beliefs and practices of the church held that the clergy should strive to imitate evangelical poverty disavowed serfdom and warfare

21 Some of Wycliffe’s followers – the Lollards – destroyed icons and ridiculed the Mass. [Image source:

22 Bohemian religious leader Jan Hus (circa ) attempted to reform the Roman Catholic Church. [Image source: nejvetsicech/img/osobnosti/hus.jpg]

23 He was accused of heresy by the Council of Constance, and burned at the stake. [Image source: 671&rendTypeId=4]

24 “In the truth of the Gospel which I have written, taught, and prospered, I die willingly and joyfully.” [Image source:

25 “When dealing with heretics, one is not obligated to keep his word.” - the Pope

26 [Image source:


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