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Principles from 1 Corinthian 13

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1 Principles from 1 Corinthian 13
The priority of love [prioritized benefit to others] must govern the practice of the gifts of the Spirit

2 Principles of 1 Corinthians 13:1-3
All Hypothetical and hyperbole exaggerations are impossibilities to prove the point. “Even if…” The problem of over emphasis on tongues in the church, provoked this exaggerated statement of values: speaking every possible language of any created being without love is meaningless If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but do not have love, I have become a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. 2 If I have the gift of prophecy, and know all mysteries and all knowledge; and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing. 3 And if I give all my possessions to feed the poor, and if I surrender my body to be burned, but do not have love, it profits me nothing. This is the only evidence of a supposed “heavenly language.” Four times Paul joins a real gift of his with an exaggerated hyperbole to prove his point Pagan worship experienced mystical divine language to communicate with God. Only the initiated could attain the experience. Led to pride, and false sense of spirituality – this is what invaded the church! We should no more expect to know all God’s secrets, have all knowledge, remove mountains at will, than to speak in the tongue of an angel—all were given to show beyond the realm of possibility Any gift exercise or service not motivated by love is valueless to others, to my person, to my future reward

3 The exaggeration of personal sacrifice is not as important as love
Definition of love The sensibility to perceive the needs of others and to dedicate yourself to meet those needs The motivation to ignore or deny the natural feelings and selfishness in order to make a priority of benefiting someone, even when he has treated you unjustly The demonstration that the best interest of another has major important to you. “Don't be selfish; don't live to make a good impression on others. Be humble, thinking of others as better than yourself. 4 Don't think only about your own affairs, but be interested in others, too, and what they are doing.” Phil 2:3-4

4 Whatever is done without love is Valueless
Gifts or possible acts Exaggerated or impossible acts Speaking in tongues of men Until one speaks in languages of angels Have the gift of prophecy and knowledge Until one knows all the secrets of God and the future Have the gift of faith Until one can move mountains Have the gift of giving Until one gives all his goods to the poor Willing to sacrifice yourself in the ministry Until one gives himself to be burnt as a martyr

5 Principles of Love applied to the gifts
Patience Perseveres with people, never ceases to benefit others Kind Never hurts, criticizes or offend others, extending good Is not jealous Internal passion is not the envy of success of others Is not Arrogant “Puffed up” with self pride exalting his importance before others

6 Principles of Love applied to the gifts
Does not act unbecoming Is courteous, protecting others, and does not violate cultural values especially toward opposite sex (1 Cor 7:36), nor is rude or inconsiderate especially in public. Is not selfish zeteo, Not self seeking, but rather is concerned about others, not focused on personal benefits Is not easily angered Is not sensitive,irritable or delicate but is difficult to offend

7 Principles of Love applied to the gifts
It keeps no record of wrongs. logizomai, “calculate, or count.” Does not plan how to get even nor is resentful or bitter towards others Does not delight in evil Never is happy over the tradegies, iniquities or failures of others Rejoices with the truth Rejoices when the truth is communicated

8 Principles of Love applied to the gifts
Always protects Looks how to cover and keep secret the of faults of others Always trusts Never questions or suspects the motives of others, shows confidence Always hopes Is optimistic and expects the best of others Always perseveres hupomeno, “stays behind” others, never gives up on them Love will last forever ekpipto, never “falls down” or is without effect, quits or dies

9 1 Cor 13:8–Not all Gifts are Permanent
Note: italic words are not in Greek. Attempts to make sense in English Love never fails; but if there are gifts of prophecy, they will be done away; if there are tongues, they will cease; if there is knowledge, it will be done away. In contrast to love, three gifts will terminate after a period of time katargeo “render idle, inoperative, cause a thing to cease to function, do away with” pauo, from root “pause,” “refrain, made to cease or desist, to stop functioning” These three gifts were dependent upon divine revelation being given to the speaker for the church: the means God used to speak to the Early Church.

10 Chronology of Prophecy
NT Apostles & Prophets Period of prophecy ceasing before being renewed in Millennium OT Prophets Millennial Prophets 400 BC Millennium ? Second Coming promises outpouring of Spirit and renewal of visions and prophecies (Joel 2) 400 years of silence without any prophecy Church Age builds on “foundation” given by Prophets Eph 2:20

11 1 Cor 13:9 Reason for Ceasing
gar, a connector that introduces a reason for why the three gifts are temporary gift References to the results of two of the three gifts that will cease: Knowledge and Prophecy. For we know in part and we prophesy in part, Purpose of these temporary gifts is stated to be the progressive and partial revelation of His complete will for man in the Church Age. Most commentaries note that tongues is no longer referred to as ceasing. All the statements and analogies refer to Knowledge and Prophecy. Either tongues have already ceased or they are assumed to cease in conjunction with these principles of cessation Note: the context is dealing with special gifts that provide the church with divine revelation for the eventual compiling of the complete record of God’s Word.

12 1 Cor 13:10 Timing of Ceasing de, “to the contrary”, adversive conjunction introducing the opposite of the preceding– the period of partial revelation is to come to an end. hotan, “as soon as” – most of the discussion that follows is time related, giving the approximate time when Paul anticipated these gifts would cease teleios, neuter “end of a process, completion, finished, lacking nothing”, Strong Can’t refer to Jesus since it is in the neuter form! In the past context, the only process in discussion is the pieces or “parts” of revelation being compiled at the time of writing 1 Corinthians – the question of maturity is introduced in next verse but when the perfect comes, the partial will be done away. meros, “part”. Same word as used in vs. 9 (“prophecy in part”). They must be talking about the same thing katargeo, fut.pass., “rendered inoperative, nulified”– since prophecy starts again at the beginning of the millenium (Joel 2), this must occur a long time before the second coming.

13 Completed or Perfect Revelation
Diagram of process For we know in part and we prophesy in part, but when the perfect [completion] comes, the partial will be done away. teleios, neuter “end of a process, completion, finished, lacking nothing”, Strong Completed or Perfect Revelation + = Partial Revelation Partial Revelation

14 1 Cor 13:11 Maturing means Leaving Infant Practices
When gifts were discussed in Eph 4:11-16, gifts were to bring the church from infancy to maturity, “… for the perfecting of the saints.” Paul prayed that the Colossians would “stand perfect (“teleion”) in the will of God”. This is the same word in 13:10, “perfect”. When this occurs at least three gifts would cease The time element is the key question: Second Coming; Eternal glorification First century Word of God completion and Church independence from Jewish mothering None are absolutely clear. Choice becomes what best fits the thrust of the context When I was a child, I talked like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. When I became a man, I put childish ways behind me. Three illustrations of talking, thought, and reasoning seem to refer to the three gifts in v.8 talking – tongues thinking – knowledge reasoning -- prophecy aner, “male, husband” – Question: when a boy becomes a man and marries, is he perfectly mature? katergeka, perf act, “I have made inoperative, or useless, replaced by something superior” – Same word in v. 8

15 1 Cor 13:12 Seeing all that God has Revealed to Man is Key
arti, “at this present time, just now” – refers to the time of partial revelations (v. 8-10) Now we see but a poor reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known. ainigmati, “dim, partial or obscure image”. Analogy of looking into a mirror that is foggy versus a mirror that is clear. Whose face is in the mirror? hote, “at that time” – a future time when the process under discussion is complete Whose face do you see in a clear mirror? Is this a reference to seeing Jesus? Or the conclusion of the analogy of seeing a clear image as a reference to seeing all God has revealed? Most difficult phrase, but in context it refers to Paul’s anticipation of the full revelation inspired in Scriptures that reveals all of God ‘s Word for man Same phrase in v. 9 – context is what was known of God’s revelation in 54 AD – only 3-4 NT book had been written at that time. John 15:15 I no longer call you servants, because a servant does not know his master's business. Instead, I have called you friends, for everything that I learned from my Father I have made known to you. About 8 years later Paul would later write, “He made known to us the mystery of his will according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in Christ” Eph 1:9

16 If the Church never reaches its adulthood until the Second Coming or Eternity then...
If the Church is still in its infancy, childish and immature state, needing to be treated as a child… Then the childish gifts of special revelation, tongues, prophecy and knowledge, are still as valid and necessary as ever Then all we have is still just PART of the revelation of God for the Church Then God is still giving out His will in parts Then the full knowledge of God and His will is till only partially revealed Then Tongues are still given as a sign to Israel Then Prophets are still giving more and more of God’s revelation and will for the Church

17 1 Cor 13:13 Greater than Gifts, Faith and Hope is Eternal Love
nuni, “at this period of time” – a more general, broader concept of time. Refers to the whole period of the Church age These should be the priority through out the church age; not the infant gifts of the immature, partially equipped Church And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. Hebrews 11:1 What is faith? It is the confident assurance that what we hope for is going to happen. It is the evidence of things we cannot yet see. de, adversative use introducing a contrast. Meaning appears to be that even faith and hope are not as permanent as love! Romans 8:24 For in hope we have been saved, but hope that is seen is not hope; for who hopes for what he already sees? meizwn, comparative, “superior, largest, most important” of the list in question in the context Love is eternal, never fails, never ceases, never is upstaged, never is complete, never finishes, never unneeded, and never is antiquated even throughout all eternity

18 Sequence of Events Application of Prophecy’s Revelation, plus Faith, Hope and Love are priorities All gifts and Faith, Hope and Love Love and some gifts return in the Millennium AD 100 ? Paul writing at 54 AD AD 54 Completion of the Revealed Word of God Second Coming brings a number of changes

19 Chronological Sequence of Priorities
Early Immature Church Progressive Maturing of the Church Glorification of the Church at Rapture Millennial and Eternal State of the Church All gifts functioning Word of God inspired in text to be source of guidance for church AD 100? Some gifts cease Purpose now is not revelation but practice of Word Priority gifts and values continue Focus is on the expansion of the Church to all the world, until He comes Prophecy returns, love continues New Kingdom is established with eternal love priority 1000 years

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