Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13 Citizenship and the Family"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 13 Citizenship and the Family American Civics4/8/2017Chapter 13 Citizenship and the FamilySection 1: The Changing FamilySection 2: Law and the FamilySection 3: Your Family and YouChapter 13
2Section 1: The Changing Family The Main IdeaFrom colonial times to today, the American family has changed in many ways. However, the family still plays an important role in teaching young people the lessons that will stay with them for the rest of their lives.Reading FocusHow has the American family changed since colonial times?What are some new trends in marriage and family life?Why is the number of two-income families increasing, and what additional stresses do single-parent families face?
4Urbanization and the American Family Section 1: The Changing FamilyUrbanization and the American FamilyColonial families lived and worked together on farms.Colonial families were large, and children were economic assets.1800s—progress in science and technology brought workers to the citiesCity families worked outside the home and became part of the social and economic life of the city.Families were no longer self-sufficient units.One in four Americans lives in a rural area today.
5Reasons people are delaying marriage: Section 1: The Changing FamilyReasons people are delaying marriage:Living single is more acceptable today.They wish to finish their education and start careers.More people are living together without getting married.Blended families result from remarriages when one or both spouses bring children from a previous marriage.
7Single-parent families: Section 1: The Changing FamilySingle-parent families:Single-parent families often must make do with smaller incomes.Single-parents have more responsibility than two-parent families.
8Two-income families: Section 1: The Changing Family Many married women work out of economic necessity.More women are educated and interested in careers.More men are helping with household tasks and childcare.
9People are delaying marriage because The term blended family means SECTION 1Question: Why are people delaying marriage, and what are “blended” families?People are delaying marriage becauseThe term blended family meansfamilies that are formed when one or both partners bring children from a previous relationship into the new marriagebeing single is more acceptedthey want to finish their education and start a career
10U.S. law is set up to protect the well-being of children and families. Section 2: Law and the FamilyThe Main IdeaU.S. law is set up to protect the well-being of children and families.Reading FocusWhat is the purpose of the various laws regulating marriage?How do state laws work to protect children?What types of decisions must be made by couples who are planning to divorce?
11Marriage Requirements Section 2: Law and the FamilyMarriage RequirementsThe waiting period for a license is designed to discourage hasty marriages.In some states medical tests are required to check for transmittable diseases.
13State laws work to protect children: Section 2: Law and the FamilyState laws work to protect children:Doctors, teachers, and others are required to report suspected child abuse.The state pays for foster care for abused or needy children.Criminal charges may be filed against abusive parents.Judges may appoint guardians to orphaned children or put them up for adoption.
14Divorce and Mediation: When Marriages Fail [05:01]
15Decisions of divorcing couples: Section 2: Law and the FamilyDecisions of divorcing couples:Divisions of propertyCustody of children and visitation rightsSpousal and child support payments
16Child Abuse: Verbal, Physical, and Sexual [01:18]
17Question: How do state laws work to protect children? SECTION 2Question: How do state laws work to protect children?Laws allow children to be placed in foster care or with guardians when . . .they have been abused.they have been orphaned.parents are unable to support them.
18Section 3: The Family and You The Main IdeaThe family continues to be the most important group in American society. It performs many functions for its members and for the country.Reading FocusWhat are five ways the family serves the country?Why is it important to respect the rights of other family members and for family members to compromise?Why is it useful for a family to budget its money?
19Five important functions served by the family: Section 3: The Family and YouFive important functions served by the family:Ensuring the country’s future—stable environments for children shape the country’s futureEducating its members—families teach children social skillsTeaching good behavior—ideas of right and wrong develop in the familyHelping manage money—financial responsibility is taught in the familyTeaching good citizenship—respect others’ rights and practice good citizenship
20Respecting the rights of family members and compromise: Section 3: The Family and YouRespecting the rights of family members and compromise:Self-restraint and consideration prevent serious conflicts.Respecting one’s rights makes him or her more likely to respect others’ rights.Sharing problems and interests encourages praise, support, advice, and criticism.The ability to compromise is a sign of a well-adjusted family.Traits learned in the family are important in outside relationships as well.
21Why should a family budget its money? Section 3: The Family and YouWhy should a family budget its money?Budgets plan for spending and saving the family’s funds.Budgets can reduce money worries.Budgets help families plan for the future.Fixed expenses are first on a family’s budget.
22SECTION 3Question: Why is it useful for a family to budget its money?a place to live,to provide food,$and to reduce their financial worriesclothing,to share financial responsibilities
23Chapter 13 Wrap-Up1. How did the move to cities bring changes to American families?2. Why has the average age at first marriage increased in recent years?3. Why do most states have a waiting period for couples applying for a marriage license?4. What types of issues do divorced spouses need to resolve? How does having children affect the decisions that need to be made?5. Identify five important family functions.6. How can a budget help a family manage its income and spending?