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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT Chapter 13 Citizenship and the Family Section 1:The Changing Family The Changing FamilyThe Changing.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT Chapter 13 Citizenship and the Family Section 1:The Changing Family The Changing FamilyThe Changing."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT Chapter 13 Citizenship and the Family Section 1:The Changing Family The Changing FamilyThe Changing Family Section 2:Law and the Family Law and the FamilyLaw and the Family Section 3:Your Family and You Your Family and YouYour Family and You

2 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON2 The Main Idea From colonial times to today, the American family has changed in many ways. However, the family still plays an important role in teaching young people the lessons that will stay with them for the rest of their lives. Reading Focus   How has the American family changed since colonial times?   What are some new trends in marriage and family life?   Why is the number of two-income families increasing, and what additional stresses do single-parent families face? Section 1:The Changing Family

3 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON3 Changes in the American Family [03:06]

4 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON4 Urbanization and the American Family  Colonial families lived and worked together on farms.  Colonial families were large, and children were economic assets.  1800s—progress in science and technology brought workers to the cities  City families worked outside the home and became part of the social and economic life of the city.  Families were no longer self-sufficient units.  One in four Americans lives in a rural area today. Section 1:The Changing Family

5 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON5 Reasons people are delaying marriage:  Living single is more acceptable today.  They wish to finish their education and start careers.  More people are living together without getting married. Section 1:The Changing Family Blended families result from remarriages when one or both spouses bring children from a previous marriage.

6 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON6 Culture Clip: Single-Parent Families [02:24]

7 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON7 Single-parent families:  Single-parent families often must make do with smaller incomes.  Single-parents have more responsibility than two-parent families. Section 1:The Changing Family

8 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON8 Two-income families:  Many married women work out of economic necessity.  More women are educated and interested in careers.  More men are helping with household tasks and childcare. Section 1:The Changing Family

9 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON9 Question: Why are people delaying marriage, and what are “blended” families? SECTION 1 People are delaying marriage because The term blended family means families that are formed when one or both partners bring children from a previous relationship into the new marriage  being single is more accepted  they want to finish their education and start a career

10 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON10 The Main Idea U.S. law is set up to protect the well-being of children and families. Reading Focus   What is the purpose of the various laws regulating marriage?   How do state laws work to protect children?   What types of decisions must be made by couples who are planning to divorce? Section 2:Law and the Family

11 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON11 Marriage Requirements  The waiting period for a license is designed to discourage hasty marriages.  In some states medical tests are required to check for transmittable diseases. Section 2:Law and the Family

12 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON12 Changing Attitudes toward Marriage [03:06]

13 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON13 State laws work to protect children:  Doctors, teachers, and others are required to report suspected child abuse.  The state pays for foster care for abused or needy children.  Criminal charges may be filed against abusive parents.  Judges may appoint guardians to orphaned children or put them up for adoption. Section 2:Law and the Family

14 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON14 Divorce and Mediation: When Marriages Fail [05:01]

15 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON15 Decisions of divorcing couples:  Divisions of property  Custody of children and visitation rights  Spousal and child support payments Section 2:Law and the Family

16 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON16 Child Abuse: Verbal, Physical, and Sexual [01:18] Child Abuse: Verbal, Physical, and Sexual [01:18]

17 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON17 Question: How do state laws work to protect children? SECTION 2 Laws allow children to be placed in foster care or with guardians when... they have been abused. they have been orphaned. parents are unable to support them.

18 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON18 The Main Idea The family continues to be the most important group in American society. It performs many functions for its members and for the country. Reading Focus   What are five ways the family serves the country?   Why is it important to respect the rights of other family members and for family members to compromise?   Why is it useful for a family to budget its money? Section 3:The Family and You

19 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON19 Five important functions served by the family:  Ensuring the country’s future—stable environments for children shape the country’s future  Educating its members—families teach children social skills  Teaching good behavior—ideas of right and wrong develop in the family  Helping manage money—financial responsibility is taught in the family  Teaching good citizenship—respect others’ rights and practice good citizenship Section 3:The Family and You

20 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON20 Respecting the rights of family members and compromise:  Self-restraint and consideration prevent serious conflicts.  Respecting one’s rights makes him or her more likely to respect others’ rights.  Sharing problems and interests encourages praise, support, advice, and criticism.  The ability to compromise is a sign of a well-adjusted family.  Traits learned in the family are important in outside relationships as well. Section 3:The Family and You

21 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON21 Why should a family budget its money?  Budgets plan for spending and saving the family’s funds.  Budgets can reduce money worries.  Budgets help families plan for the future.  Fixed expenses are first on a family’s budget. Section 3:The Family and You

22 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON22 Question: Why is it useful for a family to budget its money? SECTION 3 $ to share financial responsibilities a place to live, and to reduce their financial worries clothing, to provide food,

23 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON23 Chapter 13 Wrap-Up 1.How did the move to cities bring changes to American families? 2.Why has the average age at first marriage increased in recent years? 3.Why do most states have a waiting period for couples applying for a marriage license? 4.What types of issues do divorced spouses need to resolve? How does having children affect the decisions that need to be made? 5.Identify five important family functions. 6.How can a budget help a family manage its income and spending? 1.How did the move to cities bring changes to American families? 2.Why has the average age at first marriage increased in recent years? 3.Why do most states have a waiting period for couples applying for a marriage license? 4.What types of issues do divorced spouses need to resolve? How does having children affect the decisions that need to be made? 5.Identify five important family functions. 6.How can a budget help a family manage its income and spending?


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