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© 2005 Prentice Hall13-1 Chapter 13 Communications Decisions: Advertising and Public Relations.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2005 Prentice Hall13-1 Chapter 13 Communications Decisions: Advertising and Public Relations."— Presentation transcript:

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2 © 2005 Prentice Hall13-1 Chapter 13 Communications Decisions: Advertising and Public Relations

3 13-2 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues Creative Challenges in International Communications Legal and tax considerations Language limitations Cultural diversity Media limitations Production and cost limitations Legal and tax considerations Language limitations Cultural diversity Media limitations Production and cost limitations

4 13-3 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues Plan globally and act locally Standardise where possible and adapt where necessary. –Advertising of “Vice Products” and Pharmaceuticals –Comparative Advertising –Content of Advertising Messages –Advertising Targeting Children –Other Advertising Regulations: Issues of local languages, tax issues, and advertising rates.

5 13-4 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues Barriers to standardising International Communications CUSTOMER RESPONSE Language, Literacy Language, Literacy Perception, Association and Symbolism Perception, Association and SymbolismMEDIA Media Availability and Reach Media Availability and Reach Media Cost Effectiveness Media Cost EffectivenessREGULATION Message and Budget Restrictions Message and Budget Restrictions Regulation of In-Store Promotions, Direct Marketing, Sampling, etc. Regulation of In-Store Promotions, Direct Marketing, Sampling, etc. CUSTOMER RESPONSE Language, Literacy Language, Literacy Perception, Association and Symbolism Perception, Association and SymbolismMEDIA Media Availability and Reach Media Availability and Reach Media Cost Effectiveness Media Cost EffectivenessREGULATION Message and Budget Restrictions Message and Budget Restrictions Regulation of In-Store Promotions, Direct Marketing, Sampling, etc. Regulation of In-Store Promotions, Direct Marketing, Sampling, etc.

6 13-5 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues Example: Sub cultures within the same country The future is bright, the future is orange

7 13-6 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues Promoting global communications The emergence of global media. The influence of television satellites. Enlargement and overlapping of media. Technological and social changes open the door for more specific and segmented marketing. Advertising agencies internationalise. The emergence of global media. The influence of television satellites. Enlargement and overlapping of media. Technological and social changes open the door for more specific and segmented marketing. Advertising agencies internationalise.

8 13-7 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues Benefits of global communications Significant Cost Savings Uniform Image (Synergies) Use of Good Ideas International Customers BUT Difficulty of Finding Universal Appeals Significant Cost Savings Uniform Image (Synergies) Use of Good Ideas International Customers BUT Difficulty of Finding Universal Appeals

9 13-8 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues Lost in translation : Example Rice Krispies

10 13-9 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues In many Asian countries Ronald McDonald is known as Donald McDonald..because of problems with the pronuncaition of the letter “R” Lost in translation

11 13-10 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues Soft drink launched in Japan with the brand name Pocari Sweat To the Japanese this foreign-sounding name which conveyed a positive, healthy, thirst-quenching image Sweat Foreign Sounding “Words” Footing = Jogging Parking = Car Park Lost in translation

12 13-11 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues Names of Japanese Products the Products 1.Clean LifeRubber cleaning gloves 2. I’veshampoo 3.Love-loveShaver 4.Volume Up WaterHair spray 5. HopeCigarettes 6. Mouth JazzMouth Liquid 7. CreapPowder milk 8. MeltykissSweets 9. Super WinkyCondoms Lost in translation

13 13-12 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues Lost in translation

14 13-13 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues Hoover Band-Aid Polaroid Kleenex Super-glue Q-Tips Xerox Coke Pampers Scotch Tape Levis Alka Seltzer Coffee-Mate Sweet-n-Low Tampax Lost in translation

15 13-14 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues Schweppes tonic water - “translation” for Italian market Il Water Lost in translation

16 13-15 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues © Gerard Ryan. Professor de la Universitat Rovira I Virgili I Professor Col·laborador d’ESADE Denim o Jean = dzhinsi in Russian Parking & Footing Feeling & weekend self service = ‘le self’ in French The Japanese language has 20,000 English words ! Lost in translation

17 13-16 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues New evening plan from Airtel For those moments when you let your tongue flow Lost in translation

18 13-17 managing marketing from global headquarters ©2005 Dr.Gerard Ryan, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. International Marketing Mix Decisions Strategic Alternatives in international and global marketing mix decisions. Managerial issues 02/12/05 Europe 2 of December 2005 USA February 12 2005 Best before... Lost in translation

19 13-18 Global Marketing Communications The primary purpose of marketing communications is to tell customers abut the benefits and values that a company, product, or service offers Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC) is becoming more popular because of the challenges of communicating across national borders

20 13-19 Global Advertising Advertising is any sponsored, paid message that is communicated in a non-personal way –Single country –Regional –Global Global advertising is the use of the same advertising appeals, messages, art, copy, photographs, stories, and video segments in multiple country markets

21 13-20 Standardization vs. Adaptation Primary Question –Must the specific advertising message and media strategy be changed from region to region or country to country?

22 13-21 Standardization vs. Adaptation Four difficulties that compromise an organization’s communication efforts –The message may not get through to the intended recipient. –The message may reach the target audience but may not be understood or may even be misunderstood. –The message may reach the target audience and may be understood but still may not induce the recipient to take the action desired by the sender. –The effectiveness of the message can be impaired by noise.

23 13-22 Standardization vs. Adaptation “Eighteen-year olds in Paris have more in common with 18-year-olds in New York than with their own parents. They buy the same products, go to the same movies, listen to the same music, sip the same colas. Global advertising merely works on that premise.” - William Roedy, Director, MTV Europe

24 13-23 Advertising Agencies: Organizations and Brands Understanding the term organization is key –Umbrella corporations/holding companies have one or more ‘core’ advertising agencies –Each ‘organization’ has unites specializing in direct marketing, marketing services, public relations, or research Individual agencies are considered brands –Full service brands create advertising, and provide services such as market research, media buying, and direct marketing

25 13-24 Selecting an Advertising Agency Company organization –Companies that are decentralized ma want to leave the choice to the local subsidiary National responsiveness –Is the global agency familiar with local culture and buying habits of a particular country? Area coverage –Does the agency cover all relevant markets Buyer perception –What kind of brand awareness does the company want to project?

26 13-25 Creating Global Advertising Creative strategy Big idea Advertising appeal –Rational approach –Emotional approach Selling proposition Creative execution –Art & Copy

27 13-26 Art Directors and Art Direction Art Directors –Advertising professional who has the general responsibility for the overall look of an ad –Will choose graphics, pictures, type styles, and other visual elements that appear in an ad Art Direction –The visional presentation of an advertisement

28 13-27 Cultural Considerations – Japanese and American Differences Indirect rather than direct forms of expression are preferred in the messages There is often little relationship between ad content and the advertised product Only brief dialogue or narration is used in television commercials, with minimal explanatory content Humor is used to create a bond of mutual feelings Famous celebrities appear as close acquaintances or everyday people Priority is placed on company trust rather than product quality The product name is impressed on the viewer with short, 15-second commercials

29 13-28 Cultural Considerations

30 13-29 Global Media Decisions Prepare new copy for foreign markets in host country’s language Translate the original copy into target language Leave some or all copy elements in home country language

31 13-30 Media Decisions – Saudi Arabia Use of comparative advertising claims is prohibited Non-censored films cannot be advertised Women may only appear in those commercials that relate to family affairs, and their appearance must be in a decent manner that ensures feminine dignity Women must wear a long suitable dress which fully covers her body except face and palms

32 13-31 Public Relations and Publicity Fosters goodwill and understanding Generates favorable publicity Tools –News releases –Media kits –Press conferences –Tours –Articles in trade and professional journals –TV and radio talk show appearances –Special events

33 13-32 The Growing Role of Public Relations in Global Marketing Public Relations expenditures are growing at an average of 20% per year In India they are reported to be growing by 200% annually Reasons for the growth –Increased governmental relations between countries –Technology –Societal issues like the environment

34 13-33 Public Relations Practices around the World Public relations practices can be affected by: –Cultural traditions –Social and political contexts –Economic environments Public relations professionals must understand these differences and tailor the message appropriately

35 13-34 Looking Ahead Chapter 14 Global Marketing Decisions: Sales Promotion, Personal Selling, Special Forms of Marketing Communication


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