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Project Socrates Istituto Comprensivo Gioiosa Marea Anno scolastico 2006/2007.

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Presentation on theme: "Project Socrates Istituto Comprensivo Gioiosa Marea Anno scolastico 2006/2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 Project Socrates Istituto Comprensivo Gioiosa Marea Anno scolastico 2006/2007

2 Games of the Middle Ages

3 Men in the Middle Ages In the Middle Ages men used to devote their free time to a number of rather different entertainments according to their social ranks, provenance, city ways, country ways and so on. The Noble ones, for instance, used to go hunting for delight and sports, with dogs and falcons while peasants, bourgeois and craftsmen, in their leisure or on feast days, would have a good time lapsing into drinks, jokes and dances as well.

4 Children and games Moreover, they’d sometimes show all their skills by making dolls with either hemp or linen forelocks as well as wind vanes and ingenious tiny windmills out of nutshells. Their figurines were fashioned out of wood, baked clay (terra-cotta) or lead.. Their figurines were fashioned out of wood, baked clay (terra-cotta) or lead.. At the time, children used to play with pebbles, blades of grass and shells. They’d recycle staves inside workshops in order to make circles but were also able to fashion clay potteries and pig blisters into handmade raw balls.

5 Children’s presents Kids would get, as a rule, a lot of presents - pets, stilts and wooden tiny handcarts to drag in farm courtyards as well as tiny boats provided with feed- holed prows to drag down the channels with the aid of strings. Maidens, on the contrary, would love to receive free gifts of tame squirrels, birds in cage, tiny maize-cobs as well as buckets to draw water by. Kids would get, as a rule, a lot of presents - pets, stilts and wooden tiny handcarts to drag in farm courtyards as well as tiny boats provided with feed- holed prows to drag down the channels with the aid of strings. Maidens, on the contrary, would love to receive free gifts of tame squirrels, birds in cage, tiny maize-cobs as well as buckets to draw water by.

6 Castellans and games Some castellans’ sons used to play with monkeys, while the nobility’s ones were keen on receiving a hawk that they were quick to tame. Even the skilful craftsmen would make a splash by fashioning bird- shaped whistles out of clay and wood in order to turn spinning tops and dolls in. Some castellans’ sons used to play with monkeys, while the nobility’s ones were keen on receiving a hawk that they were quick to tame. Even the skilful craftsmen would make a splash by fashioning bird- shaped whistles out of clay and wood in order to turn spinning tops and dolls in.

7 Entertainment places All playful entertainments, as a rule, were due to be played out only outdoors: loggias, porches, crossroads and above all public squares. All playful entertainments, as a rule, were due to be played out only outdoors: loggias, porches, crossroads and above all public squares. Taverns, too, were told to be so well liked stamping-grounds as to be named after peculiar animals: “The White Hawk ”, “The Golden Hawk”, “the Peacock”. Taverns, too, were told to be so well liked stamping-grounds as to be named after peculiar animals: “The White Hawk ”, “The Golden Hawk”, “the Peacock”.

8 Gambling. At the time, the mainstream games of chance to be branded as gambling were: dice, chess and cards. They were not allowed to be played indoors because of frequent rows, quarrels, imprecations at God. Therefore all ecclesiastical or civil authorities were hostile to these games. At the time, the mainstream games of chance to be branded as gambling were: dice, chess and cards. They were not allowed to be played indoors because of frequent rows, quarrels, imprecations at God. Therefore all ecclesiastical or civil authorities were hostile to these games.

9 Games with dice The “zara” The “murbiola” The “sbaraglino” or “tavola reale” Rafle o poulain

10 “Zara” “Zara” This game was at the time played with 3 six-sided dice, a small flat table and a lot of coins. The player, in his turn, was due to call for a number and whether the sum of the 3 thrown dice was going to be matching his previous call-up he was awarded as winner. All stakes were allowed to be placed by resting coins on the numbers embedded on tables just like the ones on modern roulettes; accordingly to the random combinations players used to call out words “Azar Punctum Partia” and some more else in order to conceal their game to judicial officials. This game was at the time played with 3 six-sided dice, a small flat table and a lot of coins. The player, in his turn, was due to call for a number and whether the sum of the 3 thrown dice was going to be matching his previous call-up he was awarded as winner. All stakes were allowed to be placed by resting coins on the numbers embedded on tables just like the ones on modern roulettes; accordingly to the random combinations players used to call out words “Azar Punctum Partia” and some more else in order to conceal their game to judicial officials.

11 “Murbiola” “Murbiola” It was just alike the Zara save that there might have been some figures, in place of numbers, embedded on the cards where people used to place their stakes. It was just alike the Zara save that there might have been some figures, in place of numbers, embedded on the cards where people used to place their stakes.

12 “Sbaraglino” or “Tavola Reale” “Sbaraglino” or “Tavola Reale” It’s a two-dice and 30-pawn game to play out on a gaming table with red and white arrows; the player who first is able to clear all pawns away is awarded as winner. It’s a two-dice and 30-pawn game to play out on a gaming table with red and white arrows; the player who first is able to clear all pawns away is awarded as winner.

13 “Rafla” or “Poulain” For this game the player was due to cast two dice all at once. The win was up to the player who was able to have the two dice resting face-up with the same numbers. For this game the player was due to cast two dice all at once. The win was up to the player who was able to have the two dice resting face-up with the same numbers.

14 Games with ball The “Muretto” The Jester “Agli spilli” “Il gioco della palla” “Soule”

15 “Il Muretto” “Il Muretto” Each player, in turn, was due to fling a leather ball against a little wall in order to keep opponents away from catching it. Each player, in turn, was due to fling a leather ball against a little wall in order to keep opponents away from catching it.

16 The Jester For this game the poor jester was bound to get himself all soaking wet because of a bucketful of water whenever a player was successful in hitting the target with a ball-shaped patchy canvas. For this game the poor jester was bound to get himself all soaking wet because of a bucketful of water whenever a player was successful in hitting the target with a ball-shaped patchy canvas.

17 “ Agli Spilli” Essentials of the game: a circle drawn on the ground; some pins to be placed within. It consisted in bouncing the ball off the wall into the circle so as to spring, on the rebound, some of the pins out of the circle. As a rule, the one who was going to make it was awarded as winner. Essentials of the game: a circle drawn on the ground; some pins to be placed within. It consisted in bouncing the ball off the wall into the circle so as to spring, on the rebound, some of the pins out of the circle. As a rule, the one who was going to make it was awarded as winner.

18 “Il gioco della palla” For this game some players would make a circle around a player whose job was to grab the ball that his mates were passing by one another without ever let himself be straight hit home. The game contemplated, as a rule that, if he was going to be able to grab the ball he could then replace the one who had been throwing it before. Whenever, instead, it was himself to get struck he was allowed to keep his stand and pay a penalty. For this game some players would make a circle around a player whose job was to grab the ball that his mates were passing by one another without ever let himself be straight hit home. The game contemplated, as a rule that, if he was going to be able to grab the ball he could then replace the one who had been throwing it before. Whenever, instead, it was himself to get struck he was allowed to keep his stand and pay a penalty.

19 The “Soule” It was the ancestor of modern soccer and was best liked by peasants. The match, as a rule, was sometimes played between inhabitants of the same village, but even between different countries was common occurrence too. The shape of ball was kicked off, batted off and struck by a fairly long far-ended-bent stick. It was the ancestor of modern soccer and was best liked by peasants. The match, as a rule, was sometimes played between inhabitants of the same village, but even between different countries was common occurrence too. The shape of ball was kicked off, batted off and struck by a fairly long far-ended-bent stick.

20 Games with knives  The Winnowing- fan or “Ventilabro” “Who comes closer to knives”  “Who comes closer to knives”

21 The Winnowing-fan or “Ventilabro” The game consisted in launching a knife as closer as possible to some rods previously stabbed into some slits of the winning-fan. “ventilabro” (a shovel- shaped tool to ventilate the grain) The game consisted in launching a knife as closer as possible to some rods previously stabbed into some slits of the winning-fan. “ventilabro” (a shovel- shaped tool to ventilate the grain)

22 “Who comes closer to knives” The game consisted in launching either a piaster or a “scudo” as closer as possible to a knife previously stabbed into the lip of a table. The player who was going to be able to reach for the grip of the knife without ever to drop it was awarded as winner. The game consisted in launching either a piaster or a “scudo” as closer as possible to a knife previously stabbed into the lip of a table. The player who was going to be able to reach for the grip of the knife without ever to drop it was awarded as winner.

23 Games with little sticks Prendi Roma Prendi Roma Lippa Lippa Il gioco del bastone Il gioco del bastone Gioco della briche Gioco della briche

24 “Prendi Roma” By stabbing, as hard as he could, a rod down into the ground the player was due to knock down or replace all the rods that his opponents had earlier been sticking into. By stabbing, as hard as he could, a rod down into the ground the player was due to knock down or replace all the rods that his opponents had earlier been sticking into.

25 “La Lippa” “La Lippa” The game consisted in striking a piece of stick, previously lain on a plank, on its far end in order to blow it off and hit it home back, all at once, his longest way off. The game consisted in striking a piece of stick, previously lain on a plank, on its far end in order to blow it off and hit it home back, all at once, his longest way off. The game of the stick It was an easy game to play. The player was due to It was an easy game to play. The player was due to strike and break his mate’s stick. strike and break his mate’s stick.

26 “Il gioco della briche” Essentials of the game: some players, a leader or “musard” that’s, a kind of cheat and one “briche”, a sort of an easy concealable little stick. While all the players were sitting round the leader would hold one “briche” in his hand to give away to anyone calling for it. As a rule, just one out of the players was left over with the little stick. Therefore one more player would come into play asking the leader where it was to be found. Obviously, the leader’s job was to sidetrack and put any player searching for the “briche” right off the scent. But whenever the player was able to suss the right holder out the win was up to him. If, on the contrary, he was unsuccessful, the win was up to the holder of the briche himself. Essentials of the game: some players, a leader or “musard” that’s, a kind of cheat and one “briche”, a sort of an easy concealable little stick. While all the players were sitting round the leader would hold one “briche” in his hand to give away to anyone calling for it. As a rule, just one out of the players was left over with the little stick. Therefore one more player would come into play asking the leader where it was to be found. Obviously, the leader’s job was to sidetrack and put any player searching for the “briche” right off the scent. But whenever the player was able to suss the right holder out the win was up to him. If, on the contrary, he was unsuccessful, the win was up to the holder of the briche himself.

27 Games with the chessboard “Filetto o mulino” “Filetto o mulino” “Gioco della tria ” “Gioco della tria ”

28 “Filetto or Mulino” “Filetto or Mulino” It is a two-player game. Every player is given nine black and white pawns at command to be placed on the 24 points of the chessboard. The players, each in their own turn, make a move on a free point of the chessboard. Once all pieces have been settled, the first move will be cast by lot. The two players must move their pawns aiming to arrange them into a subsequent line of 3 pieces (Filetto). Once one player has accomplished his own “Mulino”, he will then be entitled to remove his rival’s piece out of the game. It is a two-player game. Every player is given nine black and white pawns at command to be placed on the 24 points of the chessboard. The players, each in their own turn, make a move on a free point of the chessboard. Once all pieces have been settled, the first move will be cast by lot. The two players must move their pawns aiming to arrange them into a subsequent line of 3 pieces (Filetto). Once one player has accomplished his own “Mulino”, he will then be entitled to remove his rival’s piece out of the game.

29 “Il gioco della tria” This game contemplated the use of a particular chessboard composed of 3 two- halves-sided concentric squares. The two players were, as a rule, provided each with 3 pawns to be settled, in turn, all along the lines and the one who was going to be able to arrange the 3 pawns all straight along the same line was awarded as winner.

30 Games with cards “La condannata” “La condannata” For this game two opponents were needed: the player and the “bank”. The former was due to pick out a card while the latter’s job was to “shuffle”. If the player would receive the same cards as the one he had chosen earlier the win was right up to him; otherwise the win was right up to the “bank”. For this game two opponents were needed: the player and the “bank”. The former was due to pick out a card while the latter’s job was to “shuffle”. If the player would receive the same cards as the one he had chosen earlier the win was right up to him; otherwise the win was right up to the “bank”.

31 Giochi con le mani “Il gioco del Re” “Il gioco del Re” For this game some standing round players would stretch and pile their right hand on each other. Then, they would draw it back over counting. As a rule, the player who would first draw back his hand while the counting was up to ten was awarded as winner.

32 “Scaldamani” or hands warmer “Scaldamani” or hands warmer This game contemplated no a precise number of players. So, as a start, the first player was bound to put his wide-open hand on a table. The second player, in his turn, would do the same by smacking his hand on his rival’s one and so on with other subsequent hands. The game was never to end because the lowest hand on the table would in no time be the first one on top of the pile of hands. This game contemplated no a precise number of players. So, as a start, the first player was bound to put his wide-open hand on a table. The second player, in his turn, would do the same by smacking his hand on his rival’s one and so on with other subsequent hands. The game was never to end because the lowest hand on the table would in no time be the first one on top of the pile of hands.

33 And still… any more games The “Knucklebones”: The “Knucklebones”: To play this game a fair number of whitened knucklebones were needed; one knucklebone was hold on balance on the back of the hand while the other ones were laid on the ground. When the player was poised to toss up the first knucklebone he had to use expedition, just like a shot, in picking up the next piece and grasping, all at once, the previous descending one in no time. After that, the player was free to keep going on with two, three, or four running knucklebones. To play this game a fair number of whitened knucklebones were needed; one knucklebone was hold on balance on the back of the hand while the other ones were laid on the ground. When the player was poised to toss up the first knucklebone he had to use expedition, just like a shot, in picking up the next piece and grasping, all at once, the previous descending one in no time. After that, the player was free to keep going on with two, three, or four running knucklebones.

34 The “Spinning Top” (Typical child s' play) A wooden spinning top was made to spin by means of a string fastened to a wooden grip. It was held up as gambling whenever was played by grown-ups. It consisted in drawing a circle down on the ground and the one who was going to have it spinning within the line of the edge was awarded as winner.

35 “La Ruzzola” “La Ruzzola” To play this game three things were needed: a little strain, a whole cheese and a wooden round table. The strain, as a rule, was used to embrace the diameter of the cheese all around so as, at a start, to have it rolling down along the roads of the village. The player who was going to be able to get the round cheese rolling as any further as possible was next awarded with a prize. To play this game three things were needed: a little strain, a whole cheese and a wooden round table. The strain, as a rule, was used to embrace the diameter of the cheese all around so as, at a start, to have it rolling down along the roads of the village. The player who was going to be able to get the round cheese rolling as any further as possible was next awarded with a prize.

36 Bowing It was well liked by men and was, as a rule, performed on high slopes so as to shoot the target up ahead in the distance always atop. It was well liked by men and was, as a rule, performed on high slopes so as to shoot the target up ahead in the distance always atop.

37 “Franco il quadri” A square was drawn either on the ground or on the floor and players were due to launch a coin or a piaster inside it. A square was drawn either on the ground or on the floor and players were due to launch a coin or a piaster inside it.

38 “La Quintana” “La Quintana” This game dates back to Chivalry Age. The knight was due to hit a mobile scarecrow spinning around a vertical turning axle. If he failed the target, it was him, in return, to be bound to be hit back by the scarecrow’s weapons: a sword or maybe a stick in its right hand; a shield in its left one. This game dates back to Chivalry Age. The knight was due to hit a mobile scarecrow spinning around a vertical turning axle. If he failed the target, it was him, in return, to be bound to be hit back by the scarecrow’s weapons: a sword or maybe a stick in its right hand; a shield in its left one.

39 The “Giara” The game consisted in launching three corks within some earthenware. The one who was going to be able to manage it was entitled to a number of coins as a prize The game consisted in launching three corks within some earthenware. The one who was going to be able to manage it was entitled to a number of coins as a prize

40 For this game the player would act as “St. Cosimo” and receive a grotesque offer as a kind of gift from all the other players. The only one rule of the game was: No laughing allowed. In fact, the one who would first break into laughing was also the first one to lose and act, in return, as “St. Cosimo” himself. For this game the player would act as “St. Cosimo” and receive a grotesque offer as a kind of gift from all the other players. The only one rule of the game was: No laughing allowed. In fact, the one who would first break into laughing was also the first one to lose and act, in return, as “St. Cosimo” himself. “Il gioco di San Cosimo”

41 “Il gioco delle bocce” For this game the players were due to roll some bowls as closer along as they could to a stake stuck into the ground or a “jack”. For this game the players were due to roll some bowls as closer along as they could to a stake stuck into the ground or a “jack”. The player who was going to be able to roll the bowl the closest way off to the jack was awarded as winner. The player who was going to be able to roll the bowl the closest way off to the jack was awarded as winner.

42 “Pizzica orecchio” “Pizzica orecchio” Essentials of the game: some standing round players, an outsider and a drawing so as to determine who was up to get off the game. Each player was, in turn, to pick up a false name for himself and after that, all players’ names, reported on list, were to be handed to the outsider whose job was to read out a name and match it up with the right player. As a rule, the well-chosen player was due to ride him on his shoulder and dump him down among the other players who were elated to beat him up for fun. Essentials of the game: some standing round players, an outsider and a drawing so as to determine who was up to get off the game. Each player was, in turn, to pick up a false name for himself and after that, all players’ names, reported on list, were to be handed to the outsider whose job was to read out a name and match it up with the right player. As a rule, the well-chosen player was due to ride him on his shoulder and dump him down among the other players who were elated to beat him up for fun.

43 “Il gioco dei birilli” Essentials of the game: some players, a bowl, a shooting- point and 9 ninepins arranged in a row of three at equal distance one another. For this game, the player was due to hit all the 9 ninepins. The one who was going to be able to strike the most of them was awarded as winner. Essentials of the game: some players, a bowl, a shooting- point and 9 ninepins arranged in a row of three at equal distance one another. For this game, the player was due to hit all the 9 ninepins. The one who was going to be able to strike the most of them was awarded as winner.

44 “Il gioco del volatile” “Il gioco del volatile” Essentials of the game: a blindfold player, a bounded court and a game fowl: a cock or a goose as a rule. The blindfold player, provided with a stick or a stone, was due to hit the fowl. Essentials of the game: a blindfold player, a bounded court and a game fowl: a cock or a goose as a rule. The blindfold player, provided with a stick or a stone, was due to hit the fowl.

45 “Moscacieca” - Blind man’s buff “Moscacieca” - Blind man’s buff A blindfold player was to grab and tell another player who, once identified, would, in return, act as the blindfold one. A blindfold player was to grab and tell another player who, once identified, would, in return, act as the blindfold one.

46 “L’Acchiappatella” “L’Acchiappatella” For this game the player was due to chase all the other players and catch, at least, one out of them. So, after that, the caught one, was due, in turn, to replace just the player who had been catching him before. For this game the player was due to chase all the other players and catch, at least, one out of them. So, after that, the caught one, was due, in turn, to replace just the player who had been catching him before.


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