Imagery normally make up a picture in the reader’s mind refer to a descriptive language that evokes sensory experience.
Patterns of imagery Visual imagery-sense of sight Looking for a Rain God Eg: Soft green moss
The Lake Isle of Innisfree’ by William Butler Yeats Visual Imagery (‘veils of the morning’, ‘midnight’s all a glimmer’, ‘noon a purple glow’, ‘evening full of the linnet’s wings’) Aural Imagery (‘bee-loud glade’, ‘cricket sings’, ‘lake water lapping’)
Gustatory imagery-sense of taste E.g. The sweet marinara sauce makes up for the bland sea-shall pasta beneath. Olfactory imagery-sense of smell E.g. His socks, still soaked with sweat from Tuesday's P.E. class, filled the classroom with an aroma skin to that of salty, week-old, rotting fish.
Importance is used to makes the poet’s meaning strong, clear and sure. present his subject as it is: as it looks, smell, tastes, feels and sounds.
Simile and Metaphor use comparison to show the relationship between different things, or to picture something in a unique way.
Simile a type of figure of speech that compares two unlike things, using the words “like” or “as’. EG: The house was as large as a castle. He fought like a lion in battle
Metaphor o a metaphor says that ONE thing is ANOTHER thing. o compares without using “like” and “as” Eg: o Life is a brief candle. o The girls were tigers on the playing field, devouring the competition.
SimileMetaphor 1. ‘like a small house lizard… wall’ (p. 27, para.7) 2. ‘as silent as a tree-stump’ (p. 27, para.9) 3. ‘as short as the hair in his nose’ (p. 29, para.13) 4. ‘as fast as a wild stallion’ (p. 31, para.16) 1. ‘you’ve turned into a little monster’ (p. 33, para.3) 2. ‘kind words… melting a person’s heart’ (p. 39, para.2) Short story “The Pencil” by Ali Majod
Symbol It is an object, person, situation or action that has a number of meanings. Eg: ‘Of Bunga Telur and Bally Shoes’ by Che Husna Azhari ‘How Dalat Got Its Name’ by Heidi Munan.
Allusion is a reference to a specific person, place, or thing. commonly made to the Bible, nursery rhymes, myths, famous fictional or historical characters or events, and an be used in prose and poetry.
Eg: Get off the roof!Who do you think you are,Spiderman? Here's one more Biblical allusion: "Like the prodigal son, he returned to his home town and was welcomed by all who knew him".
personification the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract idea. Eg In the necklace by Henry Lawson, the necklace was feeling proud to be worn in the queen’s neck.