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Introduction to Music - Mridangam M. Ramanathan Department of Engineering Design, Indian Institute of Technology Madras Introduction.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Music - Mridangam M. Ramanathan Department of Engineering Design, Indian Institute of Technology Madras Introduction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Music - Mridangam M. Ramanathan Department of Engineering Design, Indian Institute of Technology Madras http://ed.iitm.ac.in/~raman/ Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

2 Brief history Importance of rhythm Why Mridangam – importance of layam Parts of mridangam, Variations – size, kappi/kutchi Thaalam Role of mridangam in a concert Thani avarthanam Other percussion instruments Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

3 Sample carnatic concert Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam Play sample concert 1 – Mine Play sample concert 1 – Mandolin Play sample concert 2 – M.S. Tabla and Thavil also has been used – esp. by Srinivas

4 History traced to an archetypical mridang both masculine and feminine characters Brahma as an accompanying Taala instrument while Lord Paramashiva wa dancing after Thripura samharam was first played by Lord Ganesha? Lord Nandi (the Bull God), the escort of Lord Shiva was a master percussionist (during Taandav). Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

5 Rhythm Esp. in carnatic music – allows innovations and variations Shruti Mata Laya Pita Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

6 Parts of mridangam Jack tree or Rosewood Left, middle and right Left – Rava mixed with water is used. Right – Meetu and Chappu skins. Karanai – mixture of manganese powder, rice and iron powder Strips connecting the two. Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

7 Variations in mridangam Large/smaller right diameter, length. Dia inversely proportional to pitch. Thagu Shruthi (24 to 26 in. and dia 6.5 to 7.5) and the other is Sthaayi Shruthi (20 to 22 in., and dia. 6 to 7). Kuchi (used typically by Sivaraman, vellore Ramabhadram) – with slender grass pieces that are inserted for better sound quality, which kappi does not have (mostly K. Mani, Raghu, TK Moorthy uses) Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

8 Thaalam Tool for measuring the tempo and also to some extent the structure of the song. Maintaining the rhythm or the beats of a song constant. Reflects the mood of that song. Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

9 Thaalam construction SasapthaKriyai and NisapthaKriyai Sasapthakriyai part in a thaalam produces sounds (Demonstration) Shadangaas and Shodashaangaas Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

10 Thaalam Thattu - the downward beat with the palm facing down Veechchu - the wave (sometimes the downward beat with the palm facing up) Finger Counts - counts start with the little finger and the no. of counts depends on the type of the thaalam. Aksharam - Each beat of a thaalam is termed as "One Aksharam” (depends!). Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

11 SHADANGAA - Six Angaas" Laghu - A Laghu is one thattu followed by a specified number of counts. Dhrutham - It is one thattu followed by one veechu. Anudhrutham - It consists of just one thattu. Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

12 Other three Guru - It consists of a thattu and for the remaining aksharas(depends on the type of Thaalam) hand (closed one) will be rotated in a circular motion. Plutham - It consists of one thattu, one krishyai and one sarpini. Kakapaadham - It consists of one thattu, One padhagam, one krishyai and one sarpini. Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

13 1 krshyai - Has 4 aksharams and is represented by waving the hand towards left. 1 sarpini - Has 4 aksharams and is represented by waving the hand towards right. 1 pathakam - Has 4 aksharams and is represented by raising the hand vertically. Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

14 Five jaathis – variations in Laghu Chathurashra Jaathi – 1 + 3 Thisra Jaathi – 1 + 2 Kanta Jaathi – 1 + 4 Mishra Jaathi – 1 + 6 Sankeerna Jaathi – 1 + 8 Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

15 Various type of Thaalam Soolathi saptha thaalam Desadhi and Madhyadhi thaalam Chappu Thaalam Navasandhi Thaalam Simhanandhanam and Sarapanandhana Thaalams Aparoopa Thaalam Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

16 Soolathi Saptha Thaalam Dhruvam - laghu,dhrutham,laghu,laghu - 1011 - 14 Matyam - laghu,dhrutham,laghu - 101 – 10 Roopakam - dhrutham,laghu - 01 – 6 Jhampa - laghu,anudhrutham,dhrutham - 1U0 – 10 Thriputa - laghu,dhrutham,dhrutham - 100 – 7 Ata - laghu,laghu,dhrutham,dhrutham - 1100 – 14 Ekam - laghu - 1 - 4 Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

17 Small Exercise Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

18 CHAPPU THAALAM Mishra chappu (3+4) - 3 swaras for first thattu and 4 swaras for second thattu Kanta chappu (2+3) Thisra chappu (1+2) Sankeerna chappu (3+6) Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

19 Aavarthanam and Two Kalai Adi Thaalam Two Kalai Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

20 Create new Thaalam? Discuss its structure and aksharams. Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

21 Basic strokes of Mridangam Tha, Thi, Thom, Nam (Palani and Tanjore) Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

22 Basic strokes of Mridangam Ta, Dhim, Chappu – Full, Half Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

23 Strokes of Mridangam Using Gumki on the left, one can create different sounds. Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

24 Nadai Combination of basic strokes Used for following (accompanying) a song Keezhkalam, Madhyama Kaalam and Mel kaalam Chatushram, thisram, kantam, mishram and sankeernam Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

25 Korvai Poorvanga and Utahraanga Splitting the aksharams into different patterns Basic math skill Karvai (not Korvai!!) Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

26 Playing for a song Pallavi/Charanam Swaram Chitta-Swaram Ragam Tanam Pallavi Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

27 Typical Thaniavarthanam Chathurashra Nadai – Korvai (slightly bigger – few avarthanams, repeated three times) Thishra Nadai – Korvai Korappu (employed when more than one percussionist involved) Mohra Mukthayam Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

28 Eduppu vs. Samam Example – Endharo ½, 1, 1 ½, ¾ In Thani – Eduppu to Eduppu or Samam to Eduppu Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

29 Other percussion Thavil Chenda Maddalam Kanjira Morsing Tabla Pakhawaj Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam

30 Movie songs where percussion been employed Capture different Rasas Introduction to Music, IIT Madras Lecture on Mridangam


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