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Mediator TDNT Article. Hellenistic Usage The neutral whom both sides can trust – Umpire – Negotiator – Guarantor Arbiter in legal transactions Witness.

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Presentation on theme: "Mediator TDNT Article. Hellenistic Usage The neutral whom both sides can trust – Umpire – Negotiator – Guarantor Arbiter in legal transactions Witness."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mediator TDNT Article

2 Hellenistic Usage The neutral whom both sides can trust – Umpire – Negotiator – Guarantor Arbiter in legal transactions Witness to a legal transaction Generally, the one in the middle

3 Israelite-Jewish Usage Old Testament – Only Job 9:33 in the LXX Rabbinic Judaism – Negotiator who arranges business deals and brings together those previously unrelated – King uses a negotiator to purchase wine or for the marriage of his daughter

4 Hellenistic Judaism Umpire Guarantor Maker of peace Agrippa was the middle-man between suppliants and Herod Guardian Advocate

5 The Theology of Mediatorship Outside the Bible The Deity as a Guarantor of Human Agreements He who gives something to his friend does not wish a soul to know, but only the third who is between them (i.e., God)

6 Philo The logos (impersonal) – Holds together all parts of the world – Prevents the world from sinking back into chaos – Holds in check the mutually hostile elements The earth does not suck in the water, fire is not extinguished by the air, nor does it burn up the air. Mediates as vowels between consonants.

7 Comparative Religion Budha is remote from all ideas of mediation – He seeks to lead by knowledge to Nirvana, not to fellowship with God or salvation Mohammed claims to be no more than fallible man Mani does not involve more than a mediator of wisdom

8 OT – Divine Mediatorship Genesis 1:6-8 – He sees to it that cosmic balance is preserved, never as an inner cosmic potency or world soul which is only relatively superior to other cosmic powers, but as that which is absolutely exalted above the earth. – Job 9:33 ? – Angel, Spirit, Wisdom

9 OT – Men as Mediators King (future figure of the Messiah) Prophet Priest OT concept reaches its climax in two figures – Moses – The Servant of the Lord (ebed yahweh)

10 Moses Page 611 The commissioned spokesman – Ex 4:16, 7:1, 19:3ff, 9ff, 21ff; 20:18ff; 34:1ff, 29ff; Dt 5:5, 23ff. – Ex 20:19; Nu 21:7; Dt 5:24, 18:16. – Nu 17:27f – Ex 32:11ff, 30ff; 33:12ff. – Ex 34:8

11 Dt 9:8f, 26ff; 3:23ff.

12 The Servant of the Lord Isaiah 41:8 – 53:12 – A separate study

13 The Mediator in Judaism Rabbinic Judaism – Page 615 Hellenistic Judaism – Page 617

14 NT – the Term Both the noun and the verb are rare in the New Testament, the noun only in Paul and Hebrews, the noun only in Hebrews – Galatians 3:19 f – I Timothy 2:5 f – Hebrews 8:6 Rabbinic understanding of Is 52:13 – 53:12 – Page 616

15 The Theology Mark 10:45 Colossians 1:16 John 14:6 I John 1:7

16 The Modern Church It is no accident that in the 20 th century, when after a period of liberal and rational thought, theology was finding its way back to the biblical and Reformation message, the word “mediator” became one of the slogans of the new outlook. – Brunner and Kunneth


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