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Group Religious Experience Festivals and Rituals.

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Presentation on theme: "Group Religious Experience Festivals and Rituals."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Group Religious Experience Festivals and Rituals

3 Group Religious Experience There are very few festivals that occur at the same time for all Buddhist seeing that Buddhism extends into many nations and cultures. There are very few festivals that occur at the same time for all Buddhist seeing that Buddhism extends into many nations and cultures.

4 Theravada Buddhism Vesak Vesak –“Buddha Day” Magha Puja Magha Puja –Beginning of the Rain Retreat

5 Mahayana Buddhism Vesak Vesak –Also very important in Mahayana Buddhism Parinirvana Parinirvana Celebration of the Bodhisattva Kuan Yin Celebration of the Bodhisattva Kuan Yin The Buddhist New Year The Buddhist New Year

6 Tibetan Buddhism Losar Losar –New Years Day Monlam Monlam –The Great Prayer Festival Saka Dawa Festival Saka Dawa Festival Labab Duechen Labab Duechen Losar festival

7 Individual Religious Experience

8 Individual Experience Found in meditation Found in meditation Pilgrimages will also trigger individual religious experiences Pilgrimages will also trigger individual religious experiences

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10 Conversion To Buddhism Unlike Hinduism, which has condemned conversion, Buddhism allows conversion Does not generally engage in new converts Discouraged by the Dalai Lama

11 Conversion To Buddhism New Buddhist take refuge with a monk Study of Three Jewels –Buddha –Dharma –Sangha

12 Reaffirmation and Ordination The final step of conversion is marked by a ceremony Affirmation ceremony –Shin Buddhism –Personal religious confirmation –To become fully a part of Buddhism, one can only do this by the direct and personal experience of the working of Great Compassion

13 Affirmation Ceremony Confirms the Five Precepts are the best way to compassionately live in our suffering world Ceremony includes: –Recitations –Recipients are given Buddhist name, and an Affirmation Certificate

14 Ordination Ceremony Only given by a fully ordained monk Recites the Three Jewels and Five Precepts, sometimes even the Bodhisattva Vows Participant becomes upasaka or upasika Receives certificate and Buddhist name Ordaining monk is usually participants main teacher

15 Meditation and Worship

16 Rituals and Symbols Central image is the Buddha Central image is the Buddha Devotees bring offerings Devotees bring offerings Reverence, not worship Reverence, not worship

17 The 8 Auspicious Symbols Parasol, Golden Fish, Treasure Vase, Lotus Flower, Conch, Endless Knot, Victory Banner, Dharma Wheel Parasol, Golden Fish, Treasure Vase, Lotus Flower, Conch, Endless Knot, Victory Banner, Dharma Wheel Very literal Very literal

18 The Four Noble Truths Doctrine of Buddhism -perhaps most significant to religious experience Doctrine of Buddhism -perhaps most significant to religious experience Foundation of Buddha’s teachings Foundation of Buddha’s teachings 1: dukkha 2: tanha 3: Nirodha 4: marga 1: dukkha 2: tanha 3: Nirodha 4: marga

19 The Eightfold Path Method to achieve the solution for humans Method to achieve the solution for humans Meditation - jhana - skadhas Meditation - jhana - skadhas The Buddha as first absorption

20 Meditation!! Mantras Mantras Mudras Mudras Mandalas -tangka Mandalas -tangka Koan - “If a tree falls in a forest, does it make a noise if there is no one there to hear it?” Koan - “If a tree falls in a forest, does it make a noise if there is no one there to hear it?”

21 10 most common mudras.

22 Women in Buddhism Women in Buddhism

23 Position of women at the time of Buddha  They had limited freedom  They had limited freedom no educational opportunities no educational opportunities Viewed as a burden Viewed as a burden King Pasenadi of Kosala King Pasenadi of Kosala women are capable of realizing truth women are capable of realizing truth

24 Should women be ordained? women as bhikkhuni (nuns) women as bhikkhuni (nuns) Buddha created an order of bhikkhuni - foster mother: Prajapati Gotami Buddha created an order of bhikkhuni - foster mother: Prajapati Gotami Sila and the ordination of women - requires presence of both ordained monks (bhikkhu) and nuns Sila and the ordination of women - requires presence of both ordained monks (bhikkhu) and nuns ↑ Prajapati Gotami requests ordination learning/buddhism/images1/a061.gif

25 11th century: bhikkhuni order died out in India and Sri Lanka 11th century: bhikkhuni order died out in India and Sri Lanka Failed efforts in Thailand and Tibet Failed efforts in Thailand and Tibet bhikkhuni orders in East Asian countries bhikkhuni orders in East Asian countries women-in-buddhism_04.jpg

26 ceremony to solve ordination problem in Bodh Gaya ceremony to solve ordination problem in Bodh Gaya bringing together bhikkhu and bhikkhuni bringing together bhikkhu and bhikkhuni ↑ Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya. …Sound familiar??

27 re-establishment of the bhikkhuni in Southeast Asia re-establishment of the bhikkhuni in Southeast Asia “The hope is that the upcoming ordination will serve as a catalyst to spur not only all Buddhists, but all people, to awaken to the truth that the Buddha himself realized under the Bodhi Tree so long ago: that all beings are inherently equal and interdependent, and may attain enlightenment through cultivating a mind of compassion, equanimity, humility, and wisdom.”

28 Well, what does Buddhist text say? The Tripitaka is split into 2 parts: The Tripitaka is split into 2 parts: a. Lokuttara a. Lokuttara b. Lokiya b. Lokiya Tripitaka.

29 equal opportunity to practice dharma. equal opportunity to practice dharma. vinaya rules - bhikkhus will not take advantage of the bhikkhunis vinaya rules - bhikkhus will not take advantage of the bhikkhunis Peaceful coexistence.

30 Works Cited Becoming a Buddhist? October “Buddhist Ceremonies; Festivals and Special Days.” BuddhaNet Buddha Dharma Education Association. 9 October Internet Encyclopedia of Religion Matthews, Warren. World Religions. 4th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2004.

31 “Tangka.” October Tibet Expert..http://www.tibet-tour.com/tibet/thangka.html “The Meaning of the Mantra in Tibetan Buddhism.” October http://www.dharma-haven.org/tibetan/meaning-of-om-mani-padme- hung.htm “Tibetan Festival.” Tibet and Himalayas. 5 February Kotan Publishing. 10 October “Zen Philosophy.” October Mavi Gunes..

32 Discussion Questions: 1.Do you think festivals play key role in the Buddhist religious experience? 2.And do these festivals share the same purposes of ones we have studied in past religions? 3.Why are the three Jewels significant to a new Buddhist? 4. Doctrine-wise and personally, why is meditation so key? 5.What do the struggles of the bhikkhunis reflect about Buddhism?


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