Presentation on theme: "Status of accessibility in Nepal and Future direction National CBR Conference December 16 th -17 th 2012 Bhaktapur Kiran Shilpakar National Association."— Presentation transcript:
Status of accessibility in Nepal and Future direction National CBR Conference December 16 th -17 th 2012 Bhaktapur Kiran Shilpakar National Association of the Physical Disabled (NAPD-Nepal)
Outline of presentation! Introduction of NAPD-Nepal Major issues of Accessibility Current Status: Existing policies and practices and relevant data/information. Emerging issues related to the topics Current opportunities and potentials Problems and Challenges Future Direction and role of Different Stakeholders. Quarries
Introduction of National Association of the Physical Disabled- Nepal (NAPD-Nepal) Established in 1997 under the Country Act of Nepal which is non-for-profit making, non-political and self motive organization by and for the Persons with physical disabilities. Vision- A country where people with physical disabilities live in an inclusive, barrier free environment with access to human rights, rehabilitation and an independent and respected life.
Mission NAPD-Nepal exists to listen to people with physical disabilities, to support them in solving their problems, to advocate and lobby for their human rights, to remove physical barriers that stop them accessing education, employment and health facilities and to increase awareness of the causes of physical disability.
Objectives To identify the problems and needs of People with Physical Disabilities (PwPDs) through different means and work accordingly to resolve it. To broaden social awareness of PWDs issues strongly and effectively to ensure equal human rights and duties are met. To explore appropriate programs to create proper opportunities for the PwPDs, To advocate the UNCRPD-2006 in favor of PwPDs to the concerns agencies and increase the inclusion of PwPDs into mainstream society. To enhance the capacity building mechanism for activists and NAPD-Nepal employees in the process of organizational development. To rehabilitate and strengthen the economic status of PwPDs through several types of income generating programs. To improve the access of education for all PwPDs. In order to work against the challenges of PwPDs issues, execute programs cooperatively and collaboratively.
Working Approach Right Based Advocacy, Lobby and Campaigns Livelihood and Economic Empowerment Education Awareness Raising Employment Opportunities Training and Camps Strengthening Capacity Building Research, Documentation and Publications Volunteering Partnerships, Networking and Exchanges Resource and Skill Centre
Major issues of Accessibility Accessibility in terms of Public Physical Infrastructures, Transportation, Law, Policy and ICTs Implementation???????????? In Nepal, None of the physical infra-structures like Public Buildings, Government offices, Schools/Colleges, Hospitals, Supermarkets, Business Complex,Road, Housing, Water Sanitation,Public Transportations and ICTs Sectors etc.
Current Status: Existing policies and practices and relevant data/information CRPD Article-9 To enable PWDs to live independently and participate fully in all aspects of life, States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure to PWDS access, on an equal basis with others, to the physical environment, to transportation, to information and communications, including information and communications technologies and systems, and to other facilities and services open or provided to the public, both in urban and in rural areas.
Focus in CRPD Principles Articles-2 Definition "Universal design" means the design of products, environments, programmes and services to be usable by all "Reasonable accommodation" means necessary and appropriate modification and adjustments not imposing a disproportionate or undue burden, where needed in a particular case, to ensure to PWDS the enjoyment or exercise on an equal basis with others of all human rights and fundamental freedoms; Articles-3 Principle Accessibility
Incheon Strategy to “Make the Right Real” for Person With Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific
Goal-3 Enhance access to the physical environment, public, transportations, knowledge, information and communication including Target-4 and core indicator-9 Key policy and principles Accessibility
Global Plan for the Decade Action for Road Safety Pillar-2 Safer Roads and mobility
National Building Code / Requirements for Physical Disabled 5.1 one primary entrance and Elevator 5.2 Ramp /Handrails 5.3 Wheelchair Entrance with size
Statements in Education Sector Special Education 2063 School Sectors Reform Plan (SSRP) Program implementation manual Unit/Maping/Drawing/construction
National policy and plan of action Disability 2006 Articles policy for Access in different area Disabled friendly transportation
Other Statements A study on The Accessibility status of existing School Premises/infrastructure (by Kiran Shilpakar not published yet) Government letter-by local development ministry/Prime minister office/ PIL-Babu Krishnana/Sudarshan/Praksh Mani/Raju Chapagai DHRC/NDWA/NDFN/ Advocacy by NAPD/IL/NFD/DHRC
Legal Documents Disabled Protection and Welfare Act 2039 revised Accessibility Guidelines 2069 NPPAD 2063 Inclusive education CBR guideline Vehicle Tax Act 1974,Transport Act 1992, Transport Rules-1997 Transport Guidelines-2003
Emerging issues related to the topics What is the Standard of this issues Concept wider/deep or only physically sector……….. Not taking seriously for this issues Acts/Rules/Provision are there but not implementing Speaking/Hearing only not ………………..
Problems and Challenges Physical Barrier Attitude Culture Society Government policies Implementation Understanding Evaluation and monitoring Joint venture movement Mapping about accessibility Resource/ideas Political instability- acts/rules Not implementation Court Verdict/ID
Current opportunities and potentials New Physical infrastructure is going develop.. Employment CRPD ratification Court Verdict Acts/Rules Civil society is positive for us
Future Direction and role of Different Stakeholders. Implementation acts/laws seriously by line agencies Need regular lobby and Pressure Regular Awareness Media campaign Joint movement task/work Discover and applied new IT/Technology Regular Debate To keep main stream for this issues Local resource
Thank for your attention!!! Any Questions! Where is Access There is Success!!! Small Action Can Make Big Change!!!