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Prof. Alex `Sandy’ Pentland MIT Human Dynamics Lab

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Presentation on theme: "Prof. Alex `Sandy’ Pentland MIT Human Dynamics Lab"— Presentation transcript:

1 Prof. Alex `Sandy’ Pentland MIT Human Dynamics Lab

2 Copyright 2009, 2010 Alex Pentland Complexity is simple look at the generating process, not the leaves Big Data, Small Problems use big data to discover parameters and boundaries Stone Soup & Big Data pooling data with users to benefit everyone

3 Copyright alex pentland 2011, all rights reserved Corporate Information Flow Complex!

4 Copyright alex pentland 2010, all rights reserved Nature 1/09 Big Data Says that Humans are Really Pretty Simple Nature, 1/09 `People have been studying this for a long time, but Alex is raising it up to another level.’

5 Two Minds Nobel Prize winners Kahneman and Simon: Humans have two minds Copyright alex pentland 2011, all rights reserved Fast Parallel Automatic Associative Slow Serial Controlled Rule-based Habitual (System 1) Attentive (system 2) Conceptual Representations Past, Present, Future Can be evoked by language Content Process

6 The Sociometric Badge captures interactions with others  Proximity  Location  Face-to-face interactions  Social signals  NOT words Technology Review Top 10 Emerging Technologies Sociometric Solutions Organizations for Humans

7 Copyright alex pentland 2011, all rights reserved Science, 9/ groups, size 2 – 5 participants Three Factors: 1. Total Number of contributions 2. Equality of contribution rate 3. Amount of (backchannel) signaling Group Performance Governed by Ancient Patterns

8 Copyright alex pentland 2011 BAC Call Center Average Call Handle Time Cohesion of Face-to-Face Network Productivity from to simple patterns Waber, Olguin, Pentland $15M / year savings….. Just by changing coffee breaks

9 Creativity: discovery and integration  Creative groups change between star-shaped network (exploration) and cohesive network (integration) …like bees  89% accurate identification of `top creative days’ by socialization and activity measurements (sociometric badge) Copyright 2011 Alex Pentland Tripathi, Burleson, Gloor, Pentland

10 Copyright alex pentland 2011 Olguin, Waber, Kim, Gloor, Pentland Simple Patterns Account for 40% to 60% of Performance Harvard Business Review: Breakthrough Idea of the Year

11 Out In The Wild Complex! Copyright 2009, 2010 Alex Pentland

12 Big Data Says that Humans Are Really Pretty Simple Copyright Alex Pentland, 2011  Decisions made by Exposure not friends, information, or arguments  Accounts for 75% – 85% of variance

13 Me (Individual 1) Democrat, but 0.50 to switch to Republican 100% Democratic Individual 2 100% Republican Individual 3 Social Influence: Like Immune System Pan, Altshuler, Pentland

14 14 Using sensors in smart phones to obtain different type of social networks. Call Network Proximity Network Friendship Network Co-location Network Copyright alex pentland 2011, all rights reserved FunF Open Source Sensing Aharony, Pan, Pentland

15 Many networks influence conscious decisions Pan, Aharony, Pentland Copyright alex pentland, 2011 Predicting What You Will Buy

16 Big Data and Tribes Copyright alex pentland 2011 The Next Google …cover Newsweek

17 Copyright 2009, 2010 Alex Pentland Patterns of Buying The Next Google … cover Newsweek iPhone blackberry

18 Copyright 2009, 2010 Alex Pentland Patterns of Health The Next Google … cover Newsweek HIV diabetes

19 Me (Individual 1) Democrat, but 0.50 to switch to Republican 100% Democratic Individual 2 100% Republican Individual 3 Shaping Behavior: Social Influence Gompertz function, like immune system Pan, Altshuler, Pentland

20 Copyright alex pentland 2011 Mani, Rahwan, Pentland Twice as efficient as standard incentive mechanisms Leveraging Social Influence

21 Predicted Proportion Of Population Changing Behavior Quantitative Shaping validated on stock purchases, app downloads Treatment Cost Altshuler, Pan, Pentland

22 Personal Data & Privacy “Personal data is the new oil of the internet and the new currency of the digital world.” —Meglena Kuneva European Consumer Commissioner

23 Stone Soup & Big Data The Evolution of A New Consensus Copyright 2011 Alex Pentland FTC, Commerce, White House, EU,… Microsoft, Google, Cisco, Qualcomm… Verizon, ATT, FT, BT, Bharti…… Mastercharge, Equifax, … ACLU, OpenID,Infocard,…. Harvard Law, MIT Media Lab, …

24 My Data Personal Data Stores Bank Data Financial Data Bank Data Mobility and Call Data Legal Data Medical Data

25 Trust Securely make offers to individuals Personal Data Store Personal Data Store Personal Data Store Personal Data Store Personal Data Store Personal Data Store OIX, NSTIC, EU UK: mydata Vets: blue button Copyright alex pentland 2011 Privacy Market

26 USE CASE 1

27 USE CASE 1 CONTINUED

28 `Optimal’ Anonymous Market Discovery: AKA Instant Groupon USE CASE 2 40 th Anniversary of the Internet Grand Challenge Pickard, Pan, Rahwan,Cebrian,Madan,Crane,Pentland

29 The Bottom Line  Big Data and Simple Behavior Models can make the complex simple  We are moving to a data-driven world, make sure you secure the data you need! Copyright alex pentland 2011, all rights reserved

30 Copyright alex pentland 2011 Forbes, 8/10, Mining Human Behavior


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