Presentation on theme: "NOTEBOOK CHECK # 2 ENTRY # 1 – INTRODUCTION TO CULTURE September 25, 2014."— Presentation transcript:
NOTEBOOK CHECK # 2 ENTRY # 1 – INTRODUCTION TO CULTURE September 25, 2014
Culture is Shared Society is composed of members that participate in their community. To be a member of society means sharing a culture. Being a member means engaging in similar patterns of thought and behavior.
Culture is Learned People are not born with cultural patterns into their DNA. No one is born a Christian. No one is born a English-speaker. Behavior is learned. Learning to behave culturally it is vital for individuals to be able to become true members of society.
Culture in Nonmaterial It means having a shared way of thinking by all members of society. Examples: Language Customs Music Political Ideas Participating in religious services Participating in organized sports
Culture is Material It means the actual physical and material products of society. Examples: Buildings Computers iPods Museums National Parks
Culture is “Natural” Natural: existing in or created by nature Antonym: artificial Culture is invisible to society. Members accept culture as the way things are. As a result, society takes culture for granted and as the “right” way to do things. Example: Buying items on the Internet using a credit card Listening to music on an iPod
Culture Shock Since society consider culture to me “natural”, society often experiences disorientation and discomfort with other cultures. Hence the greater the differences between two cultures the greater the shock. Examples: England and Ireland drive on the left side of the road. Japan people bow as a greeting, a sign of respect or an apology.
Bell Ringer # 19/26/14 People are not born with ___________ patterns into their DNA. For example, no one is __________ a Christian. Culture is ___________ to society. Members _____________culture as the way things are.
Ethnocentrism Ethno refers to ethnic Centrism refers to central It is the moral judgment of one society of another’s society. Meaning one culture views itself as superior and more civilized. It is impossible to be objective about one’s culture. It is viewed as solidarity and unity.
Negative Impact of Ethnocentrism Judgment creates a feeling of superior versus inferior. Judgment can result in: Hostility Prejudice Conflict Tension Question: What are possible consequences of ethnocentrism?
Cultural Relativism Relat refers to relative It is where people judge other cultures by the standards of that culture. Individuals do not use their own culture to judge another culture. However, this does not mean moral relativism. Accepting culture practices of other societies does not mean human rights violations or oppression is acceptable. Example: Holocaust
Food Traditions Language Mexican American Southerner Jewish Shared History Celebrations Sense of Belonging
In Class Assignment – Who am I? In your groups of three, answer the questions listed below the profile. Use Complete Sentences Now switch groups to form a new group that has three different profiles. Create a T-Chart – label one side similarities and label once side differences. Complete using the three different profiles.