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WP1.4: Single trapped Atoms M 1.4.5 Establish stable optical fiber link for long-distance applications (M27) M 1.4.6: Observation of single atoms in second mobile trap (M36) D 1.4.3: Observation of long-distance atom-photon entanglement (M30).General Objectives –Generate entanglement between quantum memory and single photon over large distance (several 100 m). –Perform “read/write” operations via quantum teleportation protocols. –Generate atom-atom entanglement over large distances (quantum repeater). –Loophole-free test of Bell’s inequality

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D 1.4.3: Observation of long-distance atom-photon entanglement M 1.4.5: Establish stable optical fiber-link for long-distance applications W. Rosenfeld et al., arXiv:0808.3538v1 [quant-ph] atomic basis atom-photon correlations over 300 m WP1.4: Single trapped Atoms

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M 1.4.6: Observation of single atoms in second mobile dipole trap new setup Improved photon detection efficiency = 0.21 % Planning for period 4 M 1.4.7: Theoretical calculation of expected atom-atom entanglement fidelity (M 39) M 1.4.8: Observation of atom-photon entanglement in second mobile dipole trap (M 42) D 1.4.4: Observation of quantum interference of photon pairs from two trapped atoms (M 48)

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WP1.5: Room-T Atomic Vapour.Objective –A Memory for a quantum state of light in an atomic ensemble of Cs atoms with a fidelity of up to 70%, had previously been demonstrated. The goal in this WP is to investigate further approaches to the memory, all based on gas in glass cells. M1.5.6 Implementation of and conclusion on storage of squeezed and entangled light states in thermal atomic ensembles – partly achieved: storage of displaced, squeezed light states two-mode storage of displaced, squeezed light states identical to storage of two entangled states storage of one part of entangled beams D1.5.3 Application of improved fidelity storage to non-classical light states – partly achieved: storage of non-classical light states (displaced, squeezed states) improved fidelity by technical means: flat-top beam profile digital feedback improved detection efficiency improved fidelity by optimized temporal mode functions improved storage fidelity by atomic squeezing New milestones (month 42 and 48) M1.5.7 protocols for atomic - atomic state teleportation M1.5.8 technical and physical limitations to performance of atomic - atomic state teleportation New deliverable (month 48) D1.5.4 Conclusion on performance of light-to-atoms and atoms-to- atoms Hi-Fi state transfer

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storage fidelity classical limit M.Owari, M.Plenio, E.Polzik, A.Serafini, M.M.Wolf, arXiv:0808:2260, accepted by NJP. η – added noise in vacuum units, ξ -1 – squeezed variance ξ -1 Best classical fidelity vs degree ofsqueezing for arbitrary displaced states ξ -1 D1.5.3 Classical benchmark memory fidelity derived for a new class of states

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Classical benchmark 5 dB0 dB atomic state tomography preliminary data D1.5.3 Preliminary results: deterministic quantum memory for displaced squeezed states with fidelity better than classical benchmark light state tomography

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Proposed Objectives Characterize fidelity of deterministic storage and retrieval of broadband weak coherent states using an ancillary control field in Cesium vapor (# 9) Characterize and implement heralded single-phonon excitation of bulk diamond (# 12) Implement spatial entanglement of optical phonon excitations in bulk diamond (see diagram) Develop quantum dot samples with waveguides for an ensemble quantum memory [1] F. Waldermann et al., submitted to PRB. [2] F. Waldermann et al., Diam. Relat. Mater. 16, 1887-1895 (2007). [3] J. Nunn et al., Phys. Rev. A 78, 033806 (2008). Achievements Set up components for and achieved efficient optical pumping in Cesium for state preparation Tested repeatability of optical phonon coherence measurement in bulk diamond Developed a quantum-optical interpretation of optical phonon excitations [1,2] Enhanced a paper on multimode storage using the off- resonant Raman scheme; accepted for publication [3] Characterized the Zeeman splitting inhomogeneity and Schottky-contact charging of quantum dot samples |Ψ>=|01>±|10> Pump Herald Read-out Schematic of spatial entanglement of optical phonon excitations in bulk diamond WP1.5: Room-T Atomic Vapour

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WP1.6: Cold Atoms.Objective –The general goal of this WP is to develop interfaces between light and cold atoms. In addition to a memory of single photon qubits, we want to demonstrate spin squeezing at Cs clock transition based on atom light interaction with the ultimate goal to improve the sensitivity of atom clocks. M1.6.6: Assessment of decoherence rates for Rubidium and Cesium atomic samples trapped in state insensitive potentials. (due: month 30). Partly achieved, to be continued M1.6.7: Assessment of conditional state preparation in the few excitation regime for trapped Cesium and Rubidium atomic samples; Choice of the target system (due: month 33). Partly achieved M1.6.8: Implementation of atomic state tomography on the chosen target system (due: month 36). Partly achieved ( to be continued) D1.6.3: Investigation of quantum properties of light coupled to the Rb BEC (due: month 24). Partly achieved, to be continued D1.6.4: Application of atomic state tomography to excitations in quantum memories (due: month 36). Partly achieved, to be continued

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D1.6.4 Spin Squeezing and Entanglement in the Cs Clock – tomography of the nonclassical atomic state 3.3 dB of spectroscopically relevant pseudo-spin squeezing (projection noise corrected for decoherence from probing)

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WP1.7: Comparison Objective – The objective of this WP is to compare, evaluate and analyse the different approaches to quantum memory for applications in quantum communication and computation. M1.7.4: Assessment of status of quantum memory implementation (M36) D1.7.3: Updated results on the comparison, evaluation and analysis of the different approaches to quantum memory for applications in quantum communication and computation (M36) Approaches to Quantum Memories 08 (Copenhagen: 10 - 11 July) Approaches to Quantum Memories 07 (Stuttgart: 21 - 22 June) Approaches to Quantum Memories 06 (Geneva: 29 - 30 June).Goals: –Develop a common means of characterising and comparing the different quantum systems. –Developing collaborations –Structuring the Community Revised vision! Comparison table ALL SP1

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Copenhagen Comparison ALL SP1

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Copenhagen Comparison RE AFC RE CRIB NV QD Single atoms Free space Room-temp. gas Cold gas Raman gas diamond SPS, QRep LOC4 SPS, QRep LOC4 Approach Potential Applications QRep, SPS SPS LHF, QRep LOC4, Prec.msmt. Prec.msmt., LOC4, QRep SPS, QRep Efficiency Write-in Retrieval in out~ 0.01 ~1 not yet ~1 with cavity not yet ~0.2 ~1 ~0.2 ~1 low ~1 with cavity 1 not yet ~1 not yet ~1 not yet not yet not yet ~1 Measure ment retrieval ? Entanglemt. with light not yet Yes with PDC Yes with PDC ? not yet yes done! not yet yes Fidelity 0.97 cond. not yet ? Write 0.94 cond Read 0.9 uncond Write 0.7 (uncond.) Msmt 0.6 Write not yet Read 0.75? not yet Band width 10 MHz 1GHz 10 MHz 100 MHz ? >GHz 6 MHz kHz 100 kHz 1 MHz 0.5 GHz not yet GHz Cs THz diam Storage Time MM capacity Dim. 1 s 30 s not yet 30 s not yet 1 s 150 s >ms 4 ms 200 ms not yet 100 ms not yet 1 s Cs 10 ps diam 4 high moderate (spatial) moderate low high low high ALL SP1

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