Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

ITM Science Day 2002 Electronic journals : availability of full-text articles Dirk Schoonbaert ITM Library June 7, 2002.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "ITM Science Day 2002 Electronic journals : availability of full-text articles Dirk Schoonbaert ITM Library June 7, 2002."— Presentation transcript:

1 ITM Science Day 2002 Electronic journals : availability of full-text articles Dirk Schoonbaert ITM Library June 7, 2002

2 Major themes  Journals: number and diversity.  Electronic journals: availability and evolution.  Linking of bibliographic databases with full-text articles.

3 Scientific publications  Publications as the outcome of research: Scientific communication: maximum distribution. Permanent archive: ‘definitive version’. Authorship, recognition: priority claims, research assessment, vanity.  Publications as a source for future research: starting point: use data, follow-up, enhance, contradict.  Also: important source for education: e.g. ITM Masters.

4 Scientific journals  Basic vehicle for the formal dissemination of scientific research results (except maybe for social sciences and humanities).  Exponential growth since 1665: Cf. Derek de Solla Price, Science since Babylon. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1975.

5

6 How many journals? Definition: scientific vs. domestic; current vs. discontinued; splitters, mergers, title changes.  E.g. Ulrich’s IPD: 250,000 periodicals.  E.g. BLDSC (UK): 40,000 current periodicals + 170,000 ceased titles.  E.g. Antilope (Belgium): 150,000 periodicals. Estimates: all journals >> 100,000. >> 20,000 of biomedical import.

7 Specialisation E.g. Science Citation Index (ISI): 160 subject categories for 5,700 journals:  Acoustics [27]  Agricultural economy & policy [8]  Agricultural engineering [9]  Agriculture, dairy & animal science [44]  Agriculture, multidisciplinary [28]  Agriculture, soil science [29]  Agronomy [57]  Allergy [15]  …

8 Selection criteria  Quality filters: Peer reviewed vs unreviewed; genuine science vs. promotional; vanity press.  Impact filters: circulation; international vs. local audience; reporting original research vs. systematic reviews vs. loose digest.  Bibliographic database coverage: Medline, etc.  Citation analysis: SCI - Science Citation Index; JCR - Journal Citation Reports => (J)IF - Impact factor and other parameters.

9 Implications for ITM A specialised institute - yet a wide array of disciplines!  Entomology [66]  Health care sciences & services [43]  Immunology [116]  Infectious diseases [36]  Medicine, general & internal [104]  Microbiology [83]  Mycology [14]  Nutrition & dietetics [51]  Parasitology [21]  Public, environmenal & occupational health [88]  Tropical medicine [12]  Veterinary sciences [127]  Virology [28]  …

10 ITM library Librarian’s compromise: ‘just in case’ collection + ‘just in time’ document delivery mechanisms (delay; pay-per-article, administration). Current journal collection:  Number of current journals: 460  Current journals with a JIF: 185  2002 journals budget: ± €

11 ITM 2002 journal prices  2,000 € : AIDS [incl. electronic edition]  € : AIDS Hum Retroviruses [incl. electr.ed.]  1,400 € : Exp Parasitol  1,400 € : Int J Health Plann & Manag  3,200 € : Mol Biochem Parasitol  2,100 € : Parasitol Res  3,250 € : Soc Sci Med  1,950 € : Vet Parasitol

12 Serials crisis …  Rising journal prices, diminishing library purchasing power: see ARL graphs.  Need to discontinue expensive subscriptions !  How to finance new journal subscriptions ? (Budget + equilibrium between disciplines)

13

14

15 … Serials crisis  Evolution: changing publisher roles: learned societies: disseminate knowledge. commercial publishers: make (some) profit. multinational holdings: please stockholders.  Concentration: e.g. Elsevier ( > 1200 journals) + Harcourt/Academic Press ( > 400 journals).  Benefits of ‘package deals’ are less evident for specialised institutes than for large universities (e.g. only interested in specific disciplines).

16 Publication paradox Scientific institutes pay several times:  Researchers write the articles, act altruistically as free peer reviewers, give away their copyright and may have to pay author fees.  Libraries pay expensive institutional subscriptions (e.g. TM&IH: £ 440 vs. £ 58).  Libraries pay extra copyright fees (e.g. ReproBel, document delivery).

17 Electronic journals  Originally ‘experimental’ electronic-only journals + ‘preprint archives’ (paradigm shift).  Electronic ‘masthead’ for established journals.  Additional contents: TOCs, abstracts, full-text (HTML vs PDF).  Additional functionality: searching, SDI (TOCs or keywords), linking with databases, electronic submission and peer review, multimedia, online-only content, …

18 Current trends  Electronic edition >> print edition (e.g. BMJ).  ELPS: Electronic Long, Paper Short (BMJ).  Concentration – portals: Publishers: Science Direct (Elsevier); Ideal (AP); Link (Springer); Blackwell Medical Collection; … Intermediaries: SwetsNet; Ebsco Online; Ingenta; …

19 Pricing policy  Online access free for all: BMJ; MMWR; …  Online access free for all after some delay: Proceedings NAS; ASM journals; …  Online access included in print subscription: Blood; Health Policy & Planning.  Online access as paid supplement to print subscription: TM&IH (e.g. 110% - 130%).  Online access only at reduced price: ASM journals (e.g. 90%).  Package deals (cf. above).

20 Complications  Institutional vs. individual licencing and registration (administration !).  Transparant IP-based registration vs. explicit username + password combination.  HTML vs. PDF; separate figures and tables  Backfiles: availability? permanence?  Higher VAT category: 21% vs. 6% !  European Copyright legislation; no ILL.  ‘No cancellation’ restrictions in package deals.

21 Organisation at ITM Linking page at ‘http://lib.itg.be/journals.htm’:  Links and ‘degree of availability’ markers (e.g. bold type, functionality codes, …).  No passwords because of public availability.  Accurate up-to-date information: daily changes: policy, functionality, URL; …

22 Bibliographic databases ERL = Electronic Reference Library (SilverPlatter)  ITG catalogues.  ITG databases: selective vs. exhaustive.  International databases. Retrieval interfaces:  WinSPIRS  WebSPIRS

23 Standard linking solutions  DOI: Digital Object Identifier  SFX technology  SilverLinker (from SilverPlatter) But: ‘appropriate copy’ problem: which version or supplier is paid for by your institution?  Pro: linking on individual article basis.  Con: fine for large multidisciplinary collections, many false hits for smaller specialised libraries.

24 Current ITM solution …  Out-linking from databases is mainly based on article-specific data, not on journal selection.  Intermediation by the ‘electronic journals’ list: Selection: ‘Yes/No’ on journal level. Specification of holdings (both electronic and print) is clearly indicated on the list. Linking to electronic edition: direct (WebSPIRS) or copy/paste (WinSPIRS).

25 … Current ITM solution  A few examples.  Pro: good fit to the actually available collection; the list is easily adjustable, not dependent on database updates.  Con: linking on the journal-level, not on the article level [= project still in progress].

26 New initiatives …  PubMed Central: free access to established journals after 6 months.  BioMed Central: a series of new electronic- only peer reviewed journals, financed by author fees.  HighWire Press: re-empower learned societies as scientific publishers.  HINARI – Health Internetwork & SciDev.Net: special conditions for developing countries.

27 … New initiatives  SPARC – Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition: offer new alternatives for expensive journals.  Public Library of Science: boycot? revolution?  Open Archives Initiative: self-archiving, using global interconnectivity protocols.  Free Online Scholarship.  Budapest Open Access Initiative.  …

28 Conclusion  Electronic journals as a new improved distribution medium for scientific information: no hype – compare e.g to  Free availability of all journals for everybody: too naive a vision. Don’t expect too much.  Authorship, responsibility, recognition ?  Quality control for biomedical information ?

29 Additional materials ITM Library linking pages:    ITM Library databases:  Library & information science: selected literature on electronic journals, hybrid libraries, peer review, citation analysis, …

30 About ‘perspective’ « […] in 1992, when we were just starting our experimentation with electronic delivery of full text, I was approached by a very important person at the Library of Congress. […] And he said to me, « I want to get a site licence for Elsevier journals, » and I said, « For the Library of Congress? » He said, « No, for the whole country. » I said « I don’t have all the journals available. I might in 2 or 3 years. » He said, « It doesn’t matter. What would it cost? » I gave him a number for an annual subscrip- tion, and he said, « Well, what would it cost for all of them? Everything? » This is 1992, and I’m trying to guess. I said, « I dunno. Two billion dollars? Three billion dollars? I don’t know. » He said, « I can do that! That’s two bombers! » That put the whole issue in a new perspective. » [Karen Hunter, Elsevier, 1999]


Download ppt "ITM Science Day 2002 Electronic journals : availability of full-text articles Dirk Schoonbaert ITM Library June 7, 2002."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google