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Institutional Options for WES-Net WSP-SA Community of Practice Knowledge Networks – new strategic imperative for organizations Need to distinguish between.

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Presentation on theme: "Institutional Options for WES-Net WSP-SA Community of Practice Knowledge Networks – new strategic imperative for organizations Need to distinguish between."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Institutional Options for WES-Net WSP-SA

3 Community of Practice Knowledge Networks – new strategic imperative for organizations Need to distinguish between Knowledge and Information KM is about linking information to people

4 Common Activities of Networks Advisory Advocacy Capacity Building Coordination Information (and Communication) Public Relations Research

5 Organization & Function Individual/ Sole Partnership Donor & Government Civil Society Network Str Information & Public Relations Information & Advisory Services Coordination for Policy & Implementation Advocacy Information, Coordination & Research

6 Key Lessons Work better with specific Need sustained commitment of leadership Work better incentives & rewards for using knowledge for application Those that build off existing databases & processes of learning do better Focus on technical solutions, overlooking organizational processes & incentives Those not based on stakeholder consensus have a very short life or are ineffective

7 Criteria for Institutional Selection Network Structure rather than Organization Equality for all members Credible & sustainable institutions Need for leadership Government engagement Widening membership for knowledge (not just information)

8 Need for WES-Net K sharing K sharing for reforms Key Institutional backing Scaling-up alternatives Dialogue with Govt. Create partnerships CB institution Learning & exchange can save resources Better HR management Platform for ‘network of networks’

9 Mission & Vision Mission – “Knowledge sharing in the water and sanitation sector” –“Knowledge sharing for water and sanitation reforms.” Vision –based on the MDG – “By 2015, reduce by half the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation facilities” –‘sustainable water supply and sanitation’ - ‘sustainable access to better water & sanitation by the poor’

10 Objectives Knowledge Dissemination & Sharing Networking Knowledge Production Implementation Yes No

11 Membership: Under representation National level NGOs, e.g. CSE, NFI, PRIA, SPWD & Sulabh. Professional bodies, e.g. NIUA, IDFC, NCAER, PRADAN, RGF, NIPF&P, Winrock, ASCI, IWMI, CEE etc. State & regional NGOs, e.g. SEWA, MYRADA, Dhan, SEUF, SWRC, Sewa Mandir, Urmul & Tarun Bharat Sangh.

12 Membership: Neglected Groups National & State Governments Water & NGO Networks University & Research Institutions PHED Training Centers Local Governments Individual Professionals Political Parties

13 Institutional Options 1. UN based/led 2. Government based/led 3. Registered Society 4. Housed in a member organization 5. Rotated among member organizations 6. Management Contract

14 Option 1: UN based/led UN-IAWG-WES Secretariat Donor Coordination Sector Coordination Network Activities GOVTGOVT (+) ‘honest broker’ (-) dominated by UN agencies

15 Option 2: Government based/led Govt – Rural & Urban WES-Net Members & UN agencies Activities – focus on policy & implementation Marginalized Civil Society Groups Knowledge Process (+) linked to implementation (-) dominated by govt.

16 Indian water network a network for the 58 districts linked in explicitly to the activities of the RG Mission all important documentation from the sector are on the website active communication between districts, states, training institutions, GOI and ESAs linking of the sector reform projects to the international community

17 Option 3: Registered Society G O V T. W m E e S m - b N e E r T s Steering Committee & UN Agencies Registered Society Activities (+) separate identity (-) act as a ‘super’ organization

18 Option 4: Member Organization G O V T. W m E e S m - b N e E r T s Steering Committee & UN Agencies WES-Net Unit Activities Host Institution (+) funding not a problem (-) involvement of others restricted

19 Option 5: Principle of Rotation Unhealthy competition - trying to boast their achievements at the cost of others Picking ‘low hanging apples’ - not able to take up activities and invest in professional capacity with a long-term framework Uneven quality of professional & managerial capacity for WES-Net, putting it as risk Funding could be a problem as members may wish to conserve resources to their turn

20 Option 6: Management Contract District ULBs Gram Panchayat Local NGOs Benificiary Group National Level Institution Joint Venture of Watsan Organizations Source-in Capacity from other states and internationally Output based Contract NGOs, Eng., Acc., Inf. Dev Firms, etc. Knowledge Collection & Dissemination Model Demonstration Projects Needs Assessment Evaluate effectiveness Strategy Networking & Monitoring (+) output based (-) looses civil society energy

21 Evaluating Institutional Options Criteria/ Options Network Structu. EqualityCredible/ Sustain. Instituti. Leader- ship Govt. Engage. Wide Memb. UN leadNo PartiallyYes No Govt ledNo PartiallyYes No Register. Society Yes Yes through UN Yes Member Society Yes Yes through UN Yes RotationYes PartiallyYes through UN Yes Manag. Contract No

22 Registered Society: Model 1 G O V T. W m E e S m - b N e E r T s Steering Committee & UN Agencies Registered Society Activities (+) separate identity (-) act as a ‘super’ organization

23 Registered Society: Model 2 G O V T. Steering Committee & UN Agencies Registered Society Activities (+) separate identity (-) funding WES-Net Members

24 Host Institution: Model 1 G O V T. W m E e S m - b N e E r T s Steering Committee & UN Agencies WES-Net Unit Activities Host Institution (+) funding not a problem (-) involvement of others restricted

25 Host Institution: Model 2 WES-Net Members (General Body) Host Institution Advisory Council representative of WES-Net members Activities Government participation - national & state QA Team

26 Host Institution: Model 3 WES-Net Members (General Body) Host Institution Advisory Council representative of WES-Net members Funding from WES-Net members (at least 25%) & external donors Activities through Committees of WES-Net Members Government participation - national & state UN as member in GB, Advisory Council & Regulator QA Team

27 Institutional Details Host only for fiduciary responsibility Balance between host & members UN to play regulator & facilitator Activities by Comm formed by members At least 25% funding by members Govt as member or listener Quality Assurance team to vet WES-Net products ‘Host Institution’ could be seen as a transition model with an eventual society being registered

28 WES-Net Activities & Linkages Activities undertaken by WES-Net (WES-Net products) Activities undertaken by members on behalf of WES-Net (WES-Net products) KM and Networking activities already being done by different members that add value to and get benefit from WES-Net, e.g. Sangam (UN-IAWG WES Newsletter), Solutions Exchange, Jalvaani, Rural & Urban think tanks, etc.

29 WES-Net & UNKMC UNKMC Environment Water & Sanitation WES-Net Different thematic groups – Solutions Exchange Other Activities

30 Proposed Network Framework WES-Net Members Supply Demand Ground watsan reality & engagement with Govt. programs Fund/Resource Govt./Mkt. Activities of Committees WES-Net Members National Advisory Committee

31 Regional, State, District & ULBs State Advisory Committee District Planning Committee Fed of ULBs District Panchayats Urban Local Bodies Gram PanchayatsWards Communities National Unit EastNorthCentralWestSouth

32 State and District Units First Phase (3 yrs) only State Units – selective district units Easier to have Chairman as State Sec GB only at National Level Funding centralized – decentralization case to case basis Selective QA teams at regional/state level

33 Horizontal Thematic Groups Communities Civil Society Groups & Networks Local/State Govt. Institutions & Representatives WES-Net GB with Govt, Civil Society, Donors & Professionals Thematic Groups initiated by various cells


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