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Inpatient Quality Indicators in Portuguese Public Hospitals Adriana Moreira, Álvaro Moreira Ana Lúcia Alves, Ana Rita Silva Bruno Maia, Catarina Aleixo.

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Presentation on theme: "Inpatient Quality Indicators in Portuguese Public Hospitals Adriana Moreira, Álvaro Moreira Ana Lúcia Alves, Ana Rita Silva Bruno Maia, Catarina Aleixo."— Presentation transcript:

1 Inpatient Quality Indicators in Portuguese Public Hospitals Adriana Moreira, Álvaro Moreira Ana Lúcia Alves, Ana Rita Silva Bruno Maia, Catarina Aleixo Diogo Ferreira, Fernando Resende Joana Vale, Joaquin Estevão Mara Diva Sousa, Marta Moreira Mara Diva Sousa, Marta Moreira Sara Soares Sara Soaresfmup.t2@gmail.com

2 Background Justification Importance & Application Definition Research Questions & Aims Participants Type of study Methods Results Flowchart Expected results Bibliographic research

3 Background “The findings suggested that there may be differences in quality in rural critical access hospital and urban acute care hospitals.”(1) “Disparities in clinical process of care measures are largely the result of differences in where minority and nonminority patients seek care.”(2) “Analysis of data from the new Hospital Quality Allience reporting system shows that performances varies among hospitals and across indicators.”(3) (1)Nawal Lutfiyya M, Bhat DK, Gandhi SR, Nguyen C, Weidenbacher-Hoper VL, Lipsky MS. A comparison of quality of care indicators in urban acute care hospitals and rural critical access hospitals in the United States. Int J Qual Health Care. 2007 Jun; 19 (3): 141-9. (2)Hasnain Wynia R, Baker DW, Nerenz D, Feinglass J, Beal AS, Landrum MB, Behal R, Weissman JS. Disparities in health care are driven by where minority patients seek care: examination of the hospital quality alliance measures. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Jun 25; 167 (12): 1233-9. (3) Jha AK, Li Z, Orav EJ, Epstein AM. Care in U.S. hospitals- the Hospital Quality Alliance program. N Engl J Med 2005 Jul 21; 353 (3): 265-74

4 “The objective of our study was to assess hospital variations in the quality of care delivered to acute miocardial infarction (AMI) patients among three Swiss academic medical centers. Our results showed important hospital-to- hospital variations. In the quality of care provided to patients with AMI between these three university.”(4) “The different measures led to consistent and plausible relationships between quality and hospital characteristics.”(5) “Patients and health insurance are increasingly interested in the quality of care provided by hospitals. Quality indicators are often used to evaluate the quality of inpatient treatment.”(6) (4) WD, Pitts SR, Burnand B. Variations in the quality of care of patients with AIM among Swiss university hospitals. 2005 (5) Keeler EB, Rubenstein LV, Kahn KL, Draper D, Harrison ER, Mc Ginty MJ, Rogers WH, Brook RH. Hospital characteristics and quality of care. 1992 (6) Drosler SE, Cools A, Kopfer T, Stausberg J. Are quality indicators derived from routine data suitable for evaluating hospital performance? First results using the AHRQ patient safety indicators in Germany. Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich. 2007; 101 (1): 35-42.

5 “(…)the operations for which surgical mortality has been advocated has a quality indicator are not performed enough to judge hospital quality.”(7) “Efforts to use volume standards as the basis for evidence-based hospital referrals should be re-evaluated by all stake-holders before promoting further efforts to regionalize health care delivery using volume cutoffs.” (8) (7) Justin B. Dimick, MD; H.Gilbert Welch, MD, MPH; John D. Birkmeyer, MD. Surgical mortality as an indicator of hospital quality. JAMA. 2004; 292: 847-851. (8) Glance LG, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Dick AW. Estimating the potential impact of regionalizing health care delivery based on volume standards versus risk-adjusted mortality rate. Int J Qual Health Care. 2007 Aug;19(4):195-202.

6 Justification There is no specific study published in Pubmed about IQI in Portuguese Public Hospitals; It is important for Portuguese inpatients and hospitals; To increase a friendly competition among the hospitals for the best health care; If correctly used, this study may improve the care quality of the hospitals and promoting member satisfaction; If there has been applied different treatment plans, detailed analysis of longitudinal data will quickly reveal which approaches deliver better outcomes and which are more cost effective overall.

7 Importance & Application Patients are increasingly interested in the quality of hospitals they attend; Make the information democratically accessible, objective and systematic; Provide precious data on hospital care conditions; Help to identify problematic areas that need further investigation.

8 Definition “Inpatient Quality Indicators are a set of measures that provide a perspective on hospital quality, using hospital administrative data. IQI include inpatient mortality for certain procedures and medical conditions, utilization of procedure for which there are questions of overuse, under use and misuse and also volume of procedures for which there is some evidence that a higher volume of procedures is associated with lower mortality.” by the Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality

9 Indicators that are a volume of patients who undergo through certain procedures; Indicators that are a rate that associates the mortality of a certain procedure or group of procedures with the volume of patients treated; Indicators that are a rate that associates the number of a certain procedure or group of procedures with the population in metro area or country. Type of Indicators

10 Research Questions & Aims Suggest the existence of a connection between the quality of the hospital and its characteristics; Compare the quality between 94 Portuguese Public Hospitals by location (north, south, central) and type (central, district and district level one); Compare the results with the one’s of the best local hospital and with absolute value in articles or information from experts.

11 Participants Portuguese public hospitals Public hospitals Hospitals

12 Flowchart

13 Observational Analyse Unit: Portuguese Public Hospitals Longitudinal Retrospective data Analytic Type of Study

14 Methods 1.Writing IQI’s sintaxe following AHRQ’s technical specifications 2.Calculating the IQIs 3.Analyse the indicators already calculated (comparing them with reference values available in the AHRQ website) 4.AHRQ Quality Indicators Software Version 3.2 - March 2008 ®

15 SPSS Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Volume (IQI 5) Procedure Volume Indicator

16 Data

17 1. Writing IQI’s sintaxe following AHRQ’s technical specifications

18 2. Calculating the IQIs (IQI5)

19 3. Analyse the indicators already calculated (IQI5) Type A FrequencyPercentValid Percent Cumulative Percent Valid1 490034,2 2 931165,0 99,2 4 117,8 100,0 Total 14328100,0 Type A – economic groups [in Grupo I are the more specialized hospitals, more complexe and with better technology] 1Group I 2Group II 3Group III 4Group IV

20 Type C – administrative groups 1 Central Hospital 2 Districtal Hospital 3 Districtal level 1 Hospital Type C FrequencyPercentValid Percent Cumulative Percent Valid1 1421299,2 2 116,8 100,0 Total14328100,0 IQI5

21 Hosp_Reside 060300Coimbra 110600Lisboa 111000Oeiras 131200Porto 131700Vila Nova de Gaia

22 Expected Results Significant regional disparities; Better indicators in hospitals that operate in the principal urban areas; Better indicators in traditional academic hospitals; Higher quality on district hospitals level I; Help hospitals’ administrators to plan budgets allowing them to see which areas need more improvement and therefore more investment ; Change the present healthcare system.

23 Results PTCA Mortality Rate (IQI 30) Related Volume and Mortality Indicators for Inpatient Procedures

24 Abdominal Aortic Artery (AAA) Repair Mortality Rate (IQI 11) Mortality Indicators for Inpatient Procedures

25 Acute Stroke Mortality Rate (IQI 17) Mortality Indicators for Inpatient Medical Conditions

26 Primary Cesarean Delivery Rate (IQI 33) Procedure Utilization Indicators

27 Limitations It may not reflect the actual and real situation of the hospitals considered ; Data is usually collected for billing purposes instead of specific clinical purposes; Data may lead to wrong conclusions; The data is not in the same format that the one used in the IQIs’ software; We have still no access to population in metro area or county, age 40 years and older, and aged 18 years and older.

28 Bibliographic research (Pubmed) Jha AK, Li Z, Orav EJ, Epstein AM. Care in U.S. hospitals- the Hospital Quality Alliance program. N Engl J Med 2005 Jul 21; 353 (3): 265-74. Krauss J, Maclean R. Inpatient mortality: a reflection of quality care? Outcomes Manag. 2002 Oct-Dec;6(4):169-73. Nawal Lutfiyya M, Bhat DK, Gandhi SR, Nguyen C, Weidenbacher-Hoper VL, Lipsky MS. A comparison of quality of care indicators in urban acute care hospitals and rural critical access hospitals in the United States. Int J Qual Health Care. 2007 Jun; 19 (3): 141-9. Hasnain Wynia R, Baker DW, Nerenz D, Feinglass J, Beal AS, Landrum MB, Behal R, Weissman JS. Disparities in health care are driven by where minority patients seek care: examination of the hospital quality alliance measures. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Jun 25; 167 (12): 1233-9. Zhang W, Ayanian JZ, Zaslavsky AM.Patient characteristics and hospital quality for colorectal cancer surgery. Int J Qual Health Care. 2007 Feb;19(1):11-20. Luthi JC, McClellan WM, Flanders WD, Pitts SR, Burnand B. Variations in the quality of care of patients with acute myocardial infarction among Swiss university hospitals. : Int J Qual Health Care. 2005 Jun

29 Drosler SE, Cools A, Kopfer T, Stausberg J. Are quality indicators derived from routine data suitable for evaluating hospital performance? First results using the AHRQ patient safety indicators in Germany. Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich. 2007; 101 (1): 35-42. Laditka JN, Laditka SB, Cornman CB. Evaluating hospital care for individuals with Alzheimer's disease using inpatient quality indicators. Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2005 Jan- Feb;20(1):27-36. Weiner BJ, Alexander JA, Shortell SM, Baker LC, Becker M, Geppert JJ. Quality improvement implementation and hospital performance on quality indicators. Health Serv Res. 2006 Apr;41(2):307-34. Glance LG, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Dick AW. Estimating the potential impact of regionalizing health care delivery based on volume standards versus risk-adjusted mortality rate. Int J Qual Health Care. 2007 Aug;19(4):195-202. Justin B. Dimick, MD; H.Gilbert Welch, MD, MPH; John D. Birkmeyer, MD. Surgical mortality as an indicator of hospital quality. JAMA. 2004; 292: 847-851. Keeler EB, Rubenstein LV, Kahn KL, Draper D, Harrison ER, Mc Ginty MJ, Rogers WH, Brook RH. Hospital characteristics and quality of care. 1992 WD, Pitts SR, Burnand B. Variations in the quality of care of patients with AIM among Swiss university hospitals. 2005


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