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CCAI ESSENTIAL TO PROGRESS AGAINST CANCER. A National Problem: Rising health care costs are unsustainable Survival of the U.S. population isn’t any better.

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Presentation on theme: "CCAI ESSENTIAL TO PROGRESS AGAINST CANCER. A National Problem: Rising health care costs are unsustainable Survival of the U.S. population isn’t any better."— Presentation transcript:

1 CCAI ESSENTIAL TO PROGRESS AGAINST CANCER

2 A National Problem: Rising health care costs are unsustainable Survival of the U.S. population isn’t any better than countries with much smaller expenditures on health care. Cancer patients sustain greater out of pocket expenses, and more bankruptcies than any other chronic disease.

3 The high cost of cancer in Idaho Private insurance spends more on cancer in Idaho than any other disease, and proportionally more than anywhere in the U.S. Can we seize the opportunity to decrease costs while keeping our death rate low? National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 61, No. 6, October 10, 2012

4 What are the ways to improve outcomes in cancer care? Increase value of screening and treatment Increase value of research Increase health through education Increase access to care Increase participation in all of the above

5 What is the most efficient path to improving health? Two paths, two different outcomes: England NHS, vs Japan Universal Health Care. Lancet 2011; 378: 1094–105 Lancet 2011; 378: 1174–82

6 Healthy Care: Complex and Adaptive

7 Value in Health Care: Lessons from Complex Adaptive System Science Rule 1: The stakeholders agree on a set of mutual, measurable goals for the system. Rule 4: Stakeholder incentives, imperatives, and sanctions are aligned with the agreed-on health system goals. Rule 5: Leaders of all stakeholders endorse, promote, and honor the agreed-on health system goals. Thomas E. KottkeThomas E. Kottke Prev Chronic Dis. 2012; 9: E49.

8 Maximizing the Value of Cancer Care Value = Benefit Cost

9 Defining the Value of Cancer Prevention,Screening, or Treatment Survival Quality-adjusted survival (QUALY) Quality of life –Symptoms of cancer –Side effects of treatment Cost Toward Patient-Centered Drug Development in Oncology Ethan Basch, M.D. N Engl J Med 2013; 369:

10 What are the ways to improve outcomes in cancer care? Increase value of screening and treatment Increase value of research Increase health through education Increase access to care Increase participation in all of the above

11 Defining the Value of Cancer Trials Transparency Stakeholder involvement Owner of Data Cost

12 Federal Approach to Cancer Research Veterans Administration: Started the first multi- institution trials - initially in tuberculosis With this successful model, cancer research cooperative groups formed starting in 1955 Co-ops have been successful, and on a shoestring—dozens if not hundreds of trials funded for the same cost as a single randomized pharma trial ASCOPost 5:Issue 5, p 58-59

13 Threats to federal research There has been a 60% reduction in accruals across the country in cooperative studies, due to drop in funding and recent merging of cooperative groups. There are more funding cuts planned in the near future ASCOPost 5:Issue 5, p 58-59

14 What are the ways to improve outcomes in cancer care? Increase value of screening and treatment Increase value of research Increase health through education Increase access to care Increase participation in all of the above

15 Education is likely important to early health Intensive education starting at a very early age may increase cognition, and educational attainment, but may also independently improve health and healthy behaviors. This has been hypothesized to be extremely cost effective. We need larger studies to confirm these findings, and explore many questions arising from the early studies Am Jrnl Public Health 101: p , 2011

16 What are the ways to improve outcomes in cancer care? Increase value of screening and treatment Increase value of research Increase health through education Increase access to care Increase participation in all of the above

17 Increased access Oregon health insurance experiment showed improved patient reported outcomes. It also showed increased utilization of primary care, preventive care, hospitalizations and emergency rooms Q J Econ 2012; 127: Science 2014; 343:263

18 The Value of Preventing Disparities in Delivery Those likely to find cost a barrier to care are minorities Minorities, although they have a lower rate of breast cancer, are affected at a younger age Curing cancer at a younger age has greater value Olufunmilayo Olopade, Examining the role Genetics Plays in Breast Cancer Onset. ASCOPost July 25, 2013.

19 What is the best way to address the issue of disparities in Idaho? Will the Oregon Health Experiment tell us if outcomes in cancer will be better with expanded Medicaid coverage? Or will other barriers be larger in Idaho? N Engl J Med 2013;368: Science 2014; 343: Am J Manag Care. 2012;18(5 Spec No. 2):SP65-SP70) Social Science & Medicine 2008; 67, Issue 10, 1604–1611

20 The value of eliminating disparities in care $77 billion annually in direct costs nationwide.

21 What are the ways to improve outcomes in cancer care? Increase value of screening and treatment Increase value of research Increase health through education Increase access to care Increase participation in all of the above


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