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Kopal - a Co-operative Approach to develop a Long-Term Digital Information Archive ICOLC 2006, Rome Dr. Thomas Wollschläger, German National Library (GNL)

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Presentation on theme: "Kopal - a Co-operative Approach to develop a Long-Term Digital Information Archive ICOLC 2006, Rome Dr. Thomas Wollschläger, German National Library (GNL)"— Presentation transcript:

1 kopal - a Co-operative Approach to develop a Long-Term Digital Information Archive ICOLC 2006, Rome Dr. Thomas Wollschläger, German National Library (GNL)

2 2 2 Agenda 1.Challenges for long-term preservation 2.The role and features of the kopal initiative 3.Planned & present data ingest 4.Future challenges

3 3 3 * 196 b.c. - † not yet *2000 - † 2005 (?) The problem of the digital age 110111011100111100 110100101010111010 111001010101110001 10101010101000110 10101010101010101 00010101010101010 10101010101010100 01010101010101

4 4 4 Preservation challenges at GNL  German online publications are being delivered in numerous file formats  Innovative file formats have been encouraged over the years  3-D images & simulations  Embedded audio and video  Executables  First file types are no longer accessible  Unsatisfying document server architecture up to now  Advantage: Excellent metadata format (for ETD‘s) throughout Germany, trusted workflows for ETD delivery from universities

5 5 5 Challenges of a digital long-term archive  Rapid technology changes hinder the access to older file formats  Problem 1: Conservation of binary data (0 and 1) – No existing data carrier lasts forever – Solution: Regular bitstream-preservation  Problem 2: Access to the content – Numerous formats; always new ones; old ones vanish – Dependencies from present soft- and hardware – Solutions: Migration (regular conversion), Emulation (re-enacting used systems)

6 6 6 German national initiative „kopal“  Co-operative development of a long-term digital information archive  funded by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research  Financial volume: 4,2 Mio € + self-financed activities of all partners, duration: 1.7.2004 – 30.6.2007 (+ X)  Task: Development of a standardized long-term preservation solution to facilitate long-term preservation for other libraries / industries  Solution as a facilitator for co-operation between libraries and other institutions / companies

7 7 7 kopal: Concept and background  Basis: DIAS (Digital Information and Archiving System) of the Royal Dutch Library, The Hague  Developed by IBM  reliable standard components (CM, TSM, …)  Implementation of the OAIS standard  Further development of a suitable long-term preservation component (emulation, migration)  Starting point for preservation planning  What we’ve missed:  Enhancement for co-operative usage  Hosting outside the library (remote access)  Development of a universal object scheme  A more generic approach  Conclusion:  Extension of DIAS-Core and development of peripheral open-source based software tools to broaden its usability

8 8 8 kopal: Partners  German National Library (GNL, leader)  State and University Library Göttingen  Industrial Business Machines (IBM) Germany  Society for Scientific Data Processing Göttingen (GWDG) Working relationship:  Royal Dutch Library, The Netherlands

9 9 9 Kopal storage structure in Germany

10 10 GWDG (Göttingen) DIAS by IBM Account 1 Account 2 SUB Göttingen GNL (Frankfurt) Local software Local software Local software Local software kopal: Structure & concept Partners nn

11 koLibRI Retrieval Component Selection Collection Cache koLibRI Ingest Component Metadata Extraktion Metadata Generation (JHOVE) UOF Creation (SIP with METS) Presentation components User XML + Data XML + Data (OAIS Compliant) UOF (SIP)UOF (DIP) Archival Storage Ingest Preservation Data Manag. Access Admin DIAS

12 12 Packaging Submission Information Package Object METS 1.4 UniversalObjectFormat LMER 1.2 – Long-term preservation Metadata for Electronic Ressources Header dmdSec amdSec File Section Structural Map Mets.xml

13 13 Example for mets.xml in kopal

14 14 XMetaDiss Example for an ETD

15 15 Kopal preservation strategy  Migrate object with urn xxx into new format yyy  Migrate all objects  of format xxx and/or  that have been ingested before a certain date and/or  that are larger than zzz MB into new format xyz (e.g. from TIFF to PNG)  Implementation of emulation view paths  No restriction as of file size or file format / type – all known and unknown file formats are being accepted (text, pictures, video, audio, executables,... etc.)

16 16 Data for Ingest  Online Theses and Dissertations at GNL  Number: ~ 49.000 at present, Data amount: ~ 350 GB  Most used digital collection of GNL (>350.000 access cases/month)  Electronic journals & serials  Data amount: ~ 300 GB  CD-ROM images  Number: ~ 50.000 to 100.000, Data amount: ~ 28.000 to 56.000 GB  Digitised materials:  Exil Press Digital (from GNL): ~ 150 GB  External digital collections: ~ 1.500 to ~10.000 GB  Digitised books from (GNL): ~ 5.000 GB (for starters)  Digital audio from German Music Archive (GNL): ~ 544.000 GB

17 17 Present ingest  Productive system was installed and made available to SUB and DNB in June 2006  Several tests conducted (same Tests as on the ATE)  Productive ingests of dissertations with an URN started early August 2006  About 40.000 dissertations processed  Over 34.000 ingested successfully  Rest was seperated before ingest for validation and reviewing (yet unsupported filetypes, etc.)  Everything ingested to DIAS was processed correctly

18 18

19 19 Data ingest for kopal with ETD‘s as start

20 20 Challenge: Preservation Planning + Access  In face of rising data amounts and large single objects (e.g. digitised DVD-ROM images with ~8 GB):  Guarantee a sufficient performance of the system  Implementation of suitable access systems  Fast Internet connections, user support  Implementation of a functioning Preservation Planning mechanism  Functioning international File Format Registry  Performant migration of large data amounts  Successful implementation of emulation mechanisms  Information, support & encouragement of ETD producers towards a format & preservation awareness

21 21 Informations on kopal  The kopal project, used standards and downloads of documentation:  Questions to the kopal team at German National Library:  Thanks for your patience and attention!

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