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Dr. Roland M. Wagner Institut für Geoinformatik der Universität Münster Geo Rights Management INSPIRE horizontal services Dr. Roland M. Wagner

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. Roland M. Wagner Institut für Geoinformatik der Universität Münster Geo Rights Management INSPIRE horizontal services Dr. Roland M. Wagner"— Presentation transcript:

1 Dr. Roland M. Wagner Institut für Geoinformatik der Universität Münster Geo Rights Management INSPIRE horizontal services Dr. Roland M. Wagner Eurogeographics INSPIRE Network Service Workshop, Paris, February 5-6 th, 2008 This presentation is based on the INSPIRE Architecture and OGC OWS3/4 results Contributed and presented by Graham Vowles

2 Overview 1.INSPIRE Law requirements 2.GeoRM roles & responsibilities 1.Definition of roles 2.Expanded “Agree” Phase: Establish & Manage 3.GeoRM components 1.Establish: GeoRM Broker 2.Manage: GeoRM Manager 3.Bind/delivery: GeoRM Gatekeeper 4.INSPIRE Architecture with GeoRM 1.GeoRM Layers for identity, licensing, pricing and emergency 2.Phases: publish-find-agree-bind/deliver

3 INSPIRE Directive Requirements Information in the European Community (INSPIRE) THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,.. (3) The problems regarding the availability, quality, organisation, accessibility and sharing of spatial information are common to a large number of policy and information themes and are experienced across the various levels of public authority. Solving these problems requires measures that address exchange, sharing[r1], access and use of interoperable spatial data and spatial data services across the various levels of public authority and across different sectors. An infrastructure for spatial information in the Community should therefore be established.[r1] „ [r1]Sharing“ means Rights Management in the INSPIRE Context[r1]

4 INSPIRE Directive Requirements (6) The infrastructures for spatial information in the Member States should be designed to ensure that spatial data are stored, made available and maintained at the most appropriate level; that it is possible to combine spatial data from different sources across the Community in a consistent way and share [r1] them between several users and applications; that it is possible for spatial data collected at one level of public authority to be shared between other public authorities; that spatial data are made available under conditions [r2] which do not unduly restrict their extensive use; that it is easy to discover available spatial data, to evaluate their suitability for the purpose and to know the conditions applicable to their use.[r1][r2] [r1]In a rights managed way (= legal way)[r1] [r2]License Conditions[r2]

5 INSPIRE Directive Requirements (9) This directive should not affect the existence or ownership of public authorities' intellectual property rights[r1].[r1] [r1]Means: IPR need to be managed in an individual way between owner and user. This directive does not overwrite fundamental IPR mechanisms.[r1]

6 INSPIRE Directive Requirements (12) This Directive should apply to spatial data held by or on behalf of public authorities and to the use of spatial data by public authorities in the performance of their public tasks. Subject to certain conditions, however, it should also apply to spatial data held by natural or legal persons other than public authorities, provided that those natural or legal persons request this.[r1] [r1] [r1]Private Sector can be integrated; IPR management with[r1] contracts do also include private sector (in opposite to pure law)

7 INSPIRE Directive Requirements (17) Network services are necessary for sharing spatial data between the various levels of public authority in the Community. Those network services should make it possible to discover, transform, view and download spatial data and to invoke spatial data and e-commerce [r1] services.[r1] [r1]Clear requirement[r1]

8 INSPIRE Directive Requirements (22) Public authorities need to have smooth access to relevant spatial data sets and services during the execution of their public tasks. Such access can be hindered if it depends on individual ad hoc negotiations between public authorities every time access is required. Member States should take the necessary measures to prevent such practical obstacles to the sharing of data, using for example prior agreements [r1] between public authorities.[r1] [r1]Key template concept, as used also for creative commons[r1]

9 INSPIRE Directive Requirements (25) …. the Community institutions and bodies frequently need to integrate and assess spatial information from all the Member States, they should be able to gain access to and use spatial data and spatial data services in accordance with harmonised conditions[r1].[r1] [r1]means harmonized License agreements / templates (see above)[r1]

10 INSPIRE Directive Requirements CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1 … 2. This Directive does not affect the existence or ownership of public authorities' intellectual property rights.

11 INSPIRE Directive Requirements Article 3 For the purposes of this Directive, the following definitions shall apply: 1. ‘infrastructure for spatial information’ means metadata, spatial data sets and spatial data services; network services and technologies; agreements on sharing, access and use; [r1] and coordination and monitoring mechanisms, processes and procedures, established, operated or made available in accordance with this Directive; [r1] [r1]Clear understanding that agreements of sharing are part of SDI[r1]

12 INSPIRE Directive Requirements Article 4 … 5. In the case of spatial data sets which comply with the condition set out in paragraph 1(c), but in respect of which a third party holds intellectual property rights, the public authority may take action under this Directive only with the consent [r1] of that third party.[r1] [r1]Clear requirement for IPR management, e.g. via explicit or implicit contracting[r1]

13 INSPIRE Directive Requirements CHAPTER II METADATA Article 5 … (b) conditions applying to access to, and use of, spatial data sets and services and, where applicable, corresponding fees;[r1] [r1] [r1]Clear need of description (metadata) of conditions, automated processing (e-commerce, e-licensing) should follow as a next step (publish-find-agree-bind)[r1]

14 INSPIRE Directive Requirements CHAPTER IV NETWORK SERVICES Article 11 … (f) conditions applying to the access to and use of spatial data sets and services; e.g. via Terms-of-Use Click-Through Service

15 INSPIRE Directive Requirements Article 13 … By way of derogation from Article 11(1), Member States may limit public access to spatial data sets and services through the services referred to in points (b) to (e) of Article 11(1), or to the e-commerce services referred to in Article 14(3), where such access would adversely affect any of the following: (e) intellectual property rights;

16 INSPIRE Directive Requirements Article 14 … 2. By way of derogation from paragraph 1, Member States may allow a public authority supplying a service referred to in point (b) of Article 11(1) to apply charges where such charges secure the maintenance of spatial data sets and corresponding data services, especially in cases involving very large volumes of frequently updated data.

17 INSPIRE Directive Requirements §14 3. Data made available through the view services referred to in point (b) of Article 11(1) may be in a form preventing their reuse for commercial purposes.[r1] [r1] [r1] water marking rights Management, security, DRM?[r1]

18 INSPIRE Directive Requirements 4. Where public authorities levy charges for the services referred to in points (b), (c) or (e) of Article 11(1), Member States shall ensure that e-commerce services are available. Such services may be covered by disclaimers, click-licences or, where necessary, licences.[r1] [r1] [r1]Clear requirements[r1]

19 INSPIRE Directive Requirements Article 16 Rules for implementation designed to amend non-essential elements of this Chapter by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 22(3), and shall in particular lay down the following: (a) technical specifications for the services referred to in Articles 11 and 12 and minimum performance criteria for those services, taking account of existing reporting requirements and recommendations adopted within the framework of Community environmental legislation, existing e-commerce [r1] services and technological progress;[r1] [r1]Integration concepts are needed[r1]

20 INSPIRE Directive Requirements CHAPTER V DATA-SHARING Article 17 … 3. Member States may allow public authorities that supply spatial data sets and services to license them to, and/or require payment from, the public authorities or institutions and bodies of the Community that use these spatial data sets and services. Any such charges and licenses must be fully compatible with the general aim of facilitating the sharing of spatial data sets and services between public authorities. …

21 INSPIRE Directive Requirements § Member States shall provide the institutions and bodies of the Community with access to spatial data sets and services in accordance with harmonised conditions[r1]. Implementing rules governing those conditions,…[r1] [r1] Contract templates, stored in Implementing rules[r1]

22 GeoRM Vision – Automated Rights Management Application rm rm Service rm rm Data rm rm Interoperable Geo Rights Management Framework rm = rights managed

23 Access Terms – in the digital world Resource Private Access Terms Public Access Terms Commercial Access Terms Emergency Access Terms

24 Roles and Responsibilities: GeoRM Roles The establishment and maintenance of an upstream contract chain to manage IPR requires different responsibilities. In many cases independent organizations may be assigned to execute them. The relationships between roles are expressed via business processes Business processes may be automated by network services OGC GeoRM roles Additional roles were identified and others renamed Source: OGC GeoDRM Reference Model Delivery Manager Broker IPR Owner Customer Provider Advertiser SDI Committee SDI Agency End-User Value-Add Retailer

25 An owner owns intellectual property (IPR), e.g. for spatial data Definition: IPR Owner IPR Owner

26 A consumer is a legal entity and consumes the product (e.g. company or private consumer) Definition: Consumer Consumer

27 An End-User interacts with a product on behalf of an legal entity, e.g. employee Definition: End User End-User

28 The SDI committee is responsible for domain wide aspects, administration of a SDI domain Analogy to Internet domain committee, e.g. “ICANN” for “.”(root) or “denic” for “.de.” Definition: SDI Committee SDI Committee

29 A SDI provider offers the product “spatial data supply”. Therefore he is the legally responsibly party in the relationship to a consumer. He contracts additional external or internal roles via a “SDI business network”. He also contracts IPR Owner, who are interest to distribute their assets. Definition: SDI Provider SDI Provider

30 An advertiser publishes available SDI products and operates a catalog. Definition: Advertiser Advertiser

31 A broker establishes new contracts with accounts on behalf of an agent or on his own responsibility as a reseller Definition: General Broker Broker

32 A broker establishes new contracts with accounts on behalf of an agent or on his own responsibility as a reseller Specialized Broker for licensing only Specialized Broker for identity only Specialized Broker for pricing only Definition: General and specialized Broker Broker Pricing Broker Licensing Broker Identity Broker

33 A manager maintains accounts on behalf of the provider and consumer; Answers account question to deliveryman and broker Definition: General Manager Manager

34 A manager maintains accounts on behalf of the provider and consumer; Answers account question to deliveryman and broker Specialized Manager for licensing only Specialized Manager for identity only Specialized Manager for pricing only e.g. prepaid Definition: General and specialized Manager Manager Pricing Manager Identity Manager Licensing Manager

35 Delivers a product on behalfof a provider and/or on requestof an end-user; may askmanager for positive accounts Definition: Delivery Delivery

36 Legal Relationships SDI Committee SDI Business Network SDI ProviderAdvertiserManagerDeliveryConsumerEnd-UserIPR OwnerBroker Register contracts

37 Roaming Agreements between independent provider offers larger coverage for SDI supply. Common product definitions are required and may have to be registered at a responsible SDI committee Definition: Roaming Agreements SDI Provider A SDI Provider B Roaming Agreements

38 Definition of responsibilities and derived roles SDI Committee SDI Business Network SDI ProviderAdvertiserManagerDeliveryConsumerEnd-User*IPR Owner*Broker *) See also OGC GeoDRM Reference Model

39 Business Relations Customer Provider Manager Broker Advertiser Delivery Contract Parties SDI Business Network (sub-contracts) IPR Owner SDI Business Network (sub-contracts) End-User

40 Business Process: publish-find-agree-bind Process Phases FindAgreeBindPublish Find Phase Establi. Phase Manag. Phase Bind/ Delivery Phase Publish Phase Customer Provider Manager Broker Advertiser Delivery End-User Contract Parties IPR Owner

41 Derived GeoRM components Tiers Data Service Appl. Process Phases FindAgreeBindPublish Find Phase Establi. Phase Manag. Phase Bind/ Delivery Phase Publish Phase Broker Data GeoRM Layers Identity License Price & Order Registry Service Discovery Service View Service InvokeSD Service Download Service Transf. Service Emergency GeoRM Broker Service Manager Data GeoRM Manager Service GeoRM Gatekeeper Service Gatekeeper Data

42 Derived GeoRM components Tiers Data Service Appl. Process Phases FindAgreeBindPublish Find Phase Establi. Phase Manag. Phase Bind/ Delivery Phase Publish Phase Broker Data GeoRM Layers Identity License Price & Order Registry Service Discovery Service View Service InvokeSD Service Download Service Transf. Service Emergency GeoRM Broker Service Manager Data GeoRM Manager Service GeoRM Gatekeeper Service Gatekeeper Data

43 GeoRM Data GeoRM Layers Identity License Price & Order Registry Service Discovery Service Application and Geoportals Service Bus View Service InvokeSD Service Download Service Transf. Service Emergency GeoRM Services Process Phases FindAgreeBindPublish Broker, Manager, Gatekeeper => GeoRM Services

44 GeoRM Data GeoRM Layers Identity License Price & Order Registry Service Discovery Service Application and Geoportals Service Bus View Service InvokeSD Service Download Service Transf. Service Emergency GeoRM Services Process Phases FindAgreeBindPublish Broker, Manager, Gatekeeper => GeoRM Services

45 DT MDDT DS Spatial Data Set TWG Applications and Geoportals Register Data Service Metadata Data Set Metadata GeoRM Data GeoRM Layers Registry Service Discovery Service View Service InvokeSD Service Download Service DT NS INSPIRE Architecture with GeoRM Tiers Data Service Appl. Process Phases FindAgreeBind Service Bus Transf. Service TWG Thematic DS Framework for harmonized DS Publish GeoRM Services

46 DT MDDT DS Spatial Data Set TWG Applications and Geoportals Register Data Service Metadata Data Set Metadata GeoRM Data GeoRM Layers Registry Service Discovery Service View Service InvokeSD Service Download Service DT NS INSPIRE Architecture with GeoRM Tiers Data Service Appl. Process Phases FindAgreeBind Service Bus Transf. Service TWG Thematic DS Framework for harmonized DS Publish GeoRM Services

47 DT MDDT DS Registers Service Metadata Data Set Metadata Registry ServiceDiscovery Service DT NS GeoRM layers Application and Geoportals Service Bus InvokeSD Service Transf. Service Spatial Data Set TWG Thematic DS Framework for harmonized DS View Service Download Service INSPIRE Architecture without GeoRM Tiers Data Service Appl. Process Phases FindBindPublish

48 Conclusion INSPIRE Directive requires geo rights management (GeoRM) Different roles are responsible for different sub phases to establish or to maintain a contract (account) and to deliver (bind) the contracted product GeoRM offers identity, license, price & order and emergency functions GeoRM offers for the sub phases components: GeoRM Broker for (Identity | License | Price | Emergency) account establishment GeoRM Manager for (Identity | License | Price | Emergency) account maintenance GeoRM Gatekeeper for (Identity | License | Price | Emergency) delivery Publish-find-bind is enhanced to publish-find-agree-bind for integration purposes


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