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Library Orientation Pharmacy Year I Class of 2013 Emily Brennan, MLIS Pamela Corley, MLS, AHIP Joe Pozdol, MLIS Norris Medical Library University of Southern.

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Presentation on theme: "Library Orientation Pharmacy Year I Class of 2013 Emily Brennan, MLIS Pamela Corley, MLS, AHIP Joe Pozdol, MLIS Norris Medical Library University of Southern."— Presentation transcript:

1 Library Orientation Pharmacy Year I Class of 2013 Emily Brennan, MLIS Pamela Corley, MLS, AHIP Joe Pozdol, MLIS Norris Medical Library University of Southern California 2003 Zonal Avenue Los Angeles, CA 90089

2 Learning Objectives To Learn How To: Avoid plagiarism in written assignmentsAvoid plagiarism in written assignments Evaluate websites to find authoritative, reliable health informationEvaluate websites to find authoritative, reliable health information Find background information using Google, Wikipedia, UpToDate, and AccessPharmacyFind background information using Google, Wikipedia, UpToDate, and AccessPharmacy Find journal articles using GoogleScholar and determine their availability at USCFind journal articles using GoogleScholar and determine their availability at USC

3 Plagiarism Defined Plagiarism is: “the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work” Random House Dictionary 2009

4 One can plagiarize from… 1. Print resources 2. Online resources 3. Oneself 4. One’s friends 5. Two of the above 6. Three of the above 7. All of the above

5 Citing within a Paper Why cite? Avoid breaking honor code Avoid breaking honor code Avoid meeting with academic standards committee Avoid meeting with academic standards committee Allow others to find and use information you found Allow others to find and use information you found

6 Direct Quotes v. Paraphrasing Direct quotes Used to indicate language (i.e. wording) is same Good when point is particularly well-stated Rarely used in science Author last name, date, and page Paraphrasing Used to indicate source of ideas Language is not the same Common in scientific articles Author last name, date, and sometimes page

7 Use Quotes, Paraphrase, or Don’t Cite? From an article on computational drug delivery by Dr. Haworth: “An apparent difference between simulation methods that are broadly aimed at drug discovery/design and those aimed at aspects of drug delivery is the greater molecular focus in the former approaches” (Haworth 2006, p. 1271). Haworth, IS. Computational drug delivery. Adv Drug Deliv Rev Nov 30; 58(12-13): You type: An area of focus in modern pharmaceutical science research is how computers can be used to predict how drugs will interact. Use Quotes, Paraphrase, or Don’t Cite? From an article on computational drug delivery by Dr. Haworth: “An apparent difference between simulation methods that are broadly aimed at drug discovery/design and those aimed at aspects of drug delivery is the greater molecular focus in the former approaches” (Haworth 2006, p. 1271). Haworth, IS. Computational drug delivery. Adv Drug Deliv Rev Nov 30; 58(12-13): You type: An area of focus in modern pharmaceutical science research is how computers can be used to predict how drugs will interact. 1. Insert quotes 2. Paraphrase 3. Don’t cite

8 Use Quotes, Paraphrase, or Don’t Cite? From an article on computational drug delivery by Dr. Haworth: “An apparent difference between simulation methods that are broadly aimed at drug discovery/design and those aimed at aspects of drug delivery is the greater molecular focus in the former approaches” (Haworth 2006, p. 1271). Haworth, IS. Computational drug delivery. Adv Drug Deliv Rev Nov 30; 58(12-13): You type: Computer simulations that are designed to promote drug discovery emphasize what happens at the atomic level more than simulations of drug delivery. Use Quotes, Paraphrase, or Don’t Cite? From an article on computational drug delivery by Dr. Haworth: “An apparent difference between simulation methods that are broadly aimed at drug discovery/design and those aimed at aspects of drug delivery is the greater molecular focus in the former approaches” (Haworth 2006, p. 1271). Haworth, IS. Computational drug delivery. Adv Drug Deliv Rev Nov 30; 58(12-13): You type: Computer simulations that are designed to promote drug discovery emphasize what happens at the atomic level more than simulations of drug delivery. 1. Insert quotes 2. Paraphrase 3. Don’t cite

9 Use Quotes, Paraphrase, or Don’t Cite? From an article on computational drug delivery by Dr. Haworth: “An apparent difference between simulation methods that are broadly aimed at drug discovery/design and those aimed at aspects of drug delivery is the greater molecular focus in the former approaches” (Haworth 2006, p. 1271). Haworth, IS. Computational drug delivery. Adv Drug Deliv Rev Nov 30; 58(12-13): You type: Computational approaches aimed at drug discovery differ from those aimed at drug delivery in their greater molecular focus. Use Quotes, Paraphrase, or Don’t Cite? From an article on computational drug delivery by Dr. Haworth: “An apparent difference between simulation methods that are broadly aimed at drug discovery/design and those aimed at aspects of drug delivery is the greater molecular focus in the former approaches” (Haworth 2006, p. 1271). Haworth, IS. Computational drug delivery. Adv Drug Deliv Rev Nov 30; 58(12-13): You type: Computational approaches aimed at drug discovery differ from those aimed at drug delivery in their greater molecular focus. 1. Insert quotes 2. Paraphrase 3. Don’t cite

10 Creating a References List A journal article citation: Landau S, Besinque K, Chung F, et al. Pharmacist interest in and attitudes toward direct pharmacy access to hormonal contraception in the United States. J Am Pharm Assoc Jan-Feb; 49(1): A website citation: Vaccines & Immunizations public information page. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Accessed at August 15, Updated on August 6, EndNote Web EndNote Web Access via Web of Knowledge from QuickLinks dropdown on Norris Access via Web of Knowledge from QuickLinks dropdown on Norris homepage homepage

11 Which of the following may NOT be present in a journal article citation? 1. Last name of primary author 2. Month(s) 3. Year 4. Title of article 5. Journal name 6. None of the above

12 A Pharmacy Student Scenario

13 A Pharmacy Student Scenario (cont.) Dr. Hay’s study reads: “Intensive outpatient pharmacist consultation targeting high-risk patients would improve survival and decrease hospitalization rates” (Yuan, Hay, McCombs 2003, p. 45). Yuan Y, Hay JW, McCombs JS. Effects of ambulatory-care Yuan Y, Hay JW, McCombs JS. Effects of ambulatory-care pharmacist consultation on mortality and hospitalization. pharmacist consultation on mortality and hospitalization. Am J Manag Care Jan; 9(1): Am J Manag Care Jan; 9(1): Into your report you type: Survival would be improved and hospitalization rates would decrease with intensive outpatient pharmacist consultation that targets high-risk patients (Yuan, Hay, McCombs 2003).

14 This example is… 1. Not plagiarism since you changed the wording and gave the authors credit in a citation 2. Not plagiarism since you asked Dr. Hay if you could include the idea in your paper 3. Plagiarism since you failed to include the page number from Dr. Hay’s paper 4. Plagiarism since you did not put direct quotes around the sentence 5. Plagiarism since your wording is too similar to the authors’ sentence

15 A Pharmacy Student Scenario (cont.) Dr. Hay’s study reads: “Intensive outpatient pharmacist consultation targeting high-risk patients would improve survival and decrease hospitalization rates” (Yuan, Hay, McCombs 2003, p. 45). Into your report you type: Survival would be improved and hospitalization rates would decrease with intensive outpatient pharmacist consultation that targets high-risk patients (Yuan, Hay, McCombs 2003).

16 Website Evaluation Authority Authority: are the sponsors/authors of the page reputable? Wikipedia editors Accuracy Accuracy: is the info reliable and error-free? Currency Currency: last updated?

17 Website Evaluation Citations Citations: does the site cite its references? onal-cancer-treatments.htmhttp://www.healingdaily.com/conditions/conventi onal-cancer-treatments.htm Objectivity Objectivity: bias? WebMD “Health Solutions from our Sponsors”

18 Read the press release “Rethinking AIDS Releases New Brochure on AIDS Testing” at This article has this one website evaluation quality: Citations Accuracy Objectivity Currency

19 Searching the Web Wikipedia always go to original references Google Advanced Search Limit to domain:.gov,.org Date: how recent the page is

20 On Wikipedia, look up the drug Ritalin. In the History section, it says, “Methylphenidate was patented in 1954 by the CIBA pharmaceutical company (now Novartis) as a potential cure for Mohr's disease.” How would you cite that statement? Methylphenidate (updated Aug 2009). In Wikipedia. Retrieved Aug 24, 2009, from I wouldn’t cite it because it’s common knowledge News from DEA, Congressional Testimony (updated April 16, 2000). Retrieved Nov 2, 2002 from I can’t cite it based on the Wikipedia entry alone

21 In the Google Advanced Search option, one useful feature for avoiding questionable websites is: “Search within site or domain” “File type” “Language” “Region”

22 AccessPharmacy Most useful for Pharmacists – –eBooks - 13 of 25 are Pharmacy-specific – –Drugs – –Calculators – –Cases – –MyAccessPharmacy – free Registration   Quizzes or Saving Images Other – geared toward physicians – –Lab tests – –Videos (most from AccessMedicine)

23 AccessPharmacy - Searching Search Box Search Box  ‘Images, Video & Other Media’ (checkbox) Advanced Search - checkboxes Advanced Search - checkboxes   Drug monographs (drug names)   All or select Specific textbooks   Effectiveness statements   Glossary   Goodman & Gilman updates   Pharmacotherapy education guides or updates   Pharmacy hot topics

24 In the AccessPharmacy DRUGS tab, which is NOT listed as a drug interaction of Ritalin? MAO Inhibitors Iobenguane I Antiarrhythmic Agents Inhalational Anesthetics

25 Which textbook is NOT part of the AccessPharmacy eTextbook collection? Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach Pharmacy and Federal Drug Law Review Basic & Clinical Pharmacology Comprehensive Pharmacy Review

26 UpToDate Current – continuously updated Authoritative – –Authors/Editors - faculty physicians, including 25 USC MDs – –Evidence-based treatment recommendations – –Peer-reviewed – –Unbiased – free of ads or pharmaceutical funding

27 UpToDate Over 7,700 topics in 14 medical specialties – –Synthesis of the literature – over 430 journals monitored – –Over 80,000 pages of text and graphics – –Links to MEDLINE abstracts – –Includes over 260,000 references – –Drug database Onsite access only

28 UpToDate for Patients Accessibility – –On-campus: ‘Patient Info’ tab in UpToDate – –Off-campus: directly at   Free

29 UpToDate includes: 1. Peer reviewed, but not authoritative information 2. Peer reviewed and evidence-based information 3. Full text of journal articles 4. Pharmacy eBooks 5. Medical eBooks

30 UpToDate includes drug information. 1. True 2. False

31 From home, one can access the full version of… 1. AccessPharmacy 2. UpToDate 3. AccessPharmacy and UpToDate 4. Some eResources, but most are only available on the HSC campus

32 Google Scholar and FIND USC Scholar preferences Library Links Library Links Advanced search Subject areas Subject areas An article available online: Okamoto, 2001, actin cytoskeleton An article not available online: Ragweed pollen, loratadine, 2009

33 Here is the citation for an article on acetaminophen overdose: Stumpf JL, Skyles AJ, Alaniz C, Erickson SR. Knowledge of appropriate acetaminophen doses and potential toxicities in an adult clinic population. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA. 2007;47(1):35–41. Use the advanced search feature of Google Scholar to answer. At the Norris Medical Library, this article is: 1. Available electronically only 2. Available in print only 3. Available both online and in print 4. Not available

34 Thanks for listening! Please fill out an evaluation… Library Orientation Pharmacy 1 Emily, Joe, or Pam


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