Presentation on theme: "FUTURE PROSPECTS OF LOCAL NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION IN CAMBODIA: Moving Beyond aid and the Relevance of Social Entrepreneurship Cambodia Research CJCC,"— Presentation transcript:
1FUTURE PROSPECTS OF LOCAL NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION IN CAMBODIA: Moving Beyond aid and the Relevance of Social EntrepreneurshipCambodia Research CJCC, Phnom Penh24 March 2011Chhith Sam Ath, Executive Director,The NGO Forum on Cambodia
2Outline of Presentation What is Civil Society in Cambodia? Five categoriesWhat are the roles of Civil Society?In what sectors are NGOs active?Trends of local and international NGOsFunding and ContributionChallenges face by CSOs/NGOsFuture prospects and trends of local NGOsNGOs and Associations LawFunding sources and its challengesFuture prospective on funding and effectivenessIntroduction to the NGO ForumConclusions
4Five categories of civil society Organizations Traditional Associations/religion groups frequently linked to pagodas (1,111 association registered).Community based organisations, village development committees, women, youth, farmer groups etc.Non-Governmental Organisations, 1,564 registered local NGOs (450 active) and 316 International NGOsTrade Unions, 370 trade unions by August 2005Other, think tanks, business associations, etc
5Functions of Civil Society Check, monitoring and restraining the government’s exercise of power- Advocating for changes- demanding accountabilityTraining and empowering community and broad sectors in human rightsServing as channels by which ideas, concerns, demands of affected people can reach decision makersServing as school of democracy and human rights- fostering democratic culture and social capital
6What are the roles of Civil Society? Channel for service delivery where governments are unable or unwilling to provide basic social servicesFacilitator of dialogue and negotiationSocial conscience – holding authorities accountable for their actions,Corrective – campaigning against abuses of power and for the protection and promotion of Human RightsSource of policy advice - e.g. for peace building or poverty reduction
7In what sectors are NGOs active ? CSOs/NGOs significantly contribute to social and economic development in Cambodia.Important sectors are:Health & EducationGovernance & AdministrationCommunity, social developmentRural Development & Land ManagementEnvironment & ConservationAgricultureGenderetc.NGO disbursements exceeded USD 203 million in 2009
8Trends of LNGOs and INGOs Registered at the MOI and MFA
9NGO core funding sectors and delegated cooperation 2009 (USD million)
11Key Challenges faced by CSO/NGOs Limited technical capacity, notably in relation to management and governanceLack of recognition for represented in dialogue with Gov’t and DPsDifficulties in accessing relevant informationLack of long term, sustainable fundingUncoordinated demands from donorsLack of coordination, overlapping catchments and projectLimited democracy space for dialogue with Gov’t and DPConcern over the draft law on NGOs and Associations
12Issues of development aid and its effectiveness: Future prospects and trends of local NGOs CSOs/NGOs depend on donor findingsDonor driven toward ownership of NGOs and community peopleGood governance among the sector need to be improved(16 of 3,000 NGOs registers as NGO good practices)Localization processInternational to local NGOsNGO project/s to community based organization (empowerment)
13ContinueRehabilitation, reconstruction, development (service delivery) and advocacyEmerging trend of social entrepreneurship toward self-reliance is still limited.Community mobilization to protect their rights and interest.
14Update on the NGOs and Associations Law Since late 2008, NGO Forum has worked very hard on this issue by strongly coordinating with CCC, MEDiCAM and CHRAC.A joint statement was issued in mid 2010 asking RGC to: 1) release the draft law, 2) allow resource persons from ministries to attend NGO hosted consultations, 3) seek meaningful and series consultations.Our collective efforts have resulted in:the draft was shared by MoI on 15 Dec. 2010National Consultation was postponed from December 28th to 10th Jan 2011.Most of the NGO/CSO concerns and comments were heard by the MoI and MFA and the public with the hope that these be reflected/incorporated in the second draft.NGO and MOI representatives will meet on 29th March to discuss on the second draft.
15Funding mobilization and Soruces for NGOs/CSOs Funding mobilization and sourcesProvide training, evaluation, assessment etc.Provide catering servicesGenerate income from the credit and savings projectMember contribution and supportRenting meeting and workshop room etc.From core fund (churches, and other NGOs)Development partnersOther from individual
16Challenges for fund mobilization Key ChallengesLack of clear plan and implementation for the sustainable of the organizationsNo clear resources diversification strategyLack of initiative toward social entrepreneurshipLess donors who have a long-term supportsConfusion of profits and non-profits organization.Idea of commercialization of the NGOs is limited.
17Future prospective on funding and effectiveness CSO/NGOs need to coordinate planning, funding, implementation and evaluationImproved internal governance systemContinue to have strong coordinating among NGOs to have a strong voice (advocacy)Improve quality of the programme -- research and evident based advocacy.Improve technical capacity to be effective engage with the gov’t and DP.
18Introduction of the NGO Forum on Cambodia The NGO Forum on Cambodia is a membership organisation for 87 local and international NGOsIt exists for information sharing, debate and advocacy on priority issues affecting Cambodia’s development.The NGO Forums seeks for pro-poor policies, fair and just benefits from the development and good governance.NGO Forum facilitates and maintains the activities of 11 NGO networks/Fora.NGO Forum wishes to engage constructively with all development stakeholdersNGO Forum has four programs: Core; Development Issues; Land & Livelihoods; Environment18
19NGO Forum’s networks/forum River Coalition in Cambodia (RCC)Environment Core team (ECT)Pesticide Reduction Network (PRN)Economic Development Network (EDN)Development Policy ForumAid EffectivenessBudget MonitoringLand Action Network for Development (LAND)Forestry and Plantations Network (FPN)Indigenous Minority Rights networkResettlement Action Network (RAN)
20Advocacy Relationships through the NGO Forum CommunityNGONGO NetworkProject OfficerProgram Manag.Admin/FinanceExec DirectorDep. Exec. Dir.ManagementCommitteeNGO Forum membershipNGO ForumofficeGovernmentDonors,Embassies,Aid AgenciesRegional/Internat-ional AdvocacyCampaignsThrough the NGO Forum, NGOs arecoordinatedandable to speak with one voice to:
21Development Issue’s Framework All NGO Sector/GroupMonitor NSDP, JMIs, Priority Development AgendaPFM, EI revenue ManagementDevelopment Issues ForumDevelopment Issues ForumEconomic Development NetworkEconomic Development NetworkAid alignment, transparency, accountability, development effectivenessAid alignment, transparency, accountability, development effectivenessAid Effectiveness Working GroupAid Effectiveness Working GroupBudget Monitoring WGBudget Monitoring WGBudget transparency, credibility, PFM monitoring
22ConclusionCSOs/NGOs have significantly contribute to economic and social development in Cambodia.For sustainability of their funding, CSOs/NGOs need to have a long term planning.Coordination among the CSOs/NGOs is important to ensure effectiveness.Building capacity of the community is an importance for NGOs that need to be considered.Democracy space is an important for CSOs/NGOs to ensure effective development.Social entrepreneurship is a movement toward self-reliance.
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