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Arch. Shamay Assif January 2007 The State of Israel The Ministry of the Interior The Planning Administration.

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Presentation on theme: "Arch. Shamay Assif January 2007 The State of Israel The Ministry of the Interior The Planning Administration."— Presentation transcript:

1 Arch. Shamay Assif January 2007 The State of Israel The Ministry of the Interior The Planning Administration

2 Brief Facts & Figures Population of 7 Million Area: 22,150 SqKm Average Density: 305 Per/SqKm 71 Cities, 140 Towns, 985 Villages Main Cities: Jerusalem (706,000) Tel Aviv-Jaffa (371,000) Haifa (268,000) Rishon Le-Zion (217,000) Beer Sheva (185,000) World Heritage Sites: Jerusalem, Acre, Massada, The white City of Tel Aviv, The Biblical Tels (Megiddo, Hazor, Lachish, Beersheba), The Incense Route and Desert Towns (Mamshit, Ovdat, Shivta, Nizana).

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4 A Short Comparison 0.6%0.3%1.8%PIR* Density prs/Sqkm 15,890,0005,330,0007,000,000Population 41,53043,09022,150Area Sqkm The NetherlandsDenmarkIsrael * Population Increase Rate

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6 The State of Israel The Ministry of the Interior The Planning Administration A National Outline Plan for Construction, Development Comprehensive & Conservation NOP No. 35 ERETZ = LAND

7 The State of Israel The Ministry of the Interior The Planning Administration ERETZ = LAND Arch. Shamay Assif - Shamay Assif Naama Malis Architecture and Town Building ltd. Prof. Arieh Shachar - The Hebrew University in Jerusalem. in cooperation with Arch. Shlomo Ahronson - Architects Landscape Architects and Town Planners Ltd. Eng. Eldad Spivak- Eldad Spivak Engineering Co. Ltd. Enosh - Systems, Projects and Management.

8 Background Objectives A Planning Language Statutory Guidelines Policy Measures Summary

9 NOP NOP IMP IPhP 1952

10 Population & Development growth 2020, 2000, 1960 Construction Vehicles Roads Energy Electricity Air quality Water Treated GDP Population Israel’s Master Plan 2020 Prof. Adam Mazor Sewage

11 Population of 9 million in 2020 (7 million in 2006). An annual need for 50,000 dwelling units and increase in the average dwelling floor space per person from 28 to 39 m2. Addition of 175 million m2 for residential use to the existing 150 million m2. Addition of 100 million m2 for non-residential uses. Addition of 600 km2 to the built area (In km2). An increase in infrastructure capital from $25 to $120 billion. An annual increase of 13% in human capital investments – an annual average increase of $1 billiion : An Accelerated Process of Change

12 Fully and flexibly provide for the varied demands. Narrow the gaps between groups and regions: cultural diversity & instrumental collaboration. Strengthen cities and discourage suburban sprawl. Preserve open space, agriculture, rural landscapes and cultural heritage. Accelerate development of Public Transport. Attend to neighboring populations and areas. Establish a clear and recognizable Spatial Structure: - Emphasis on Jerusalem, the Negev and the Galilee. - Four metropolitan regions. - The National Green Spine and Green Buffers. Sustainably utilize environmental resources. Main Objectives

13 The Green Spine & the Center Buffers Emphasis on Jerusalem Negev & Galilee Emphasis on Four Metropolitan Areas

14 The Texture Language

15 Urban RuralNational-Preserved Mixed-Preserved Coastal The Textures

16 Urban

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18 Rural

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20 National-Preserved

21 Mixed-Preserved

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23 Coastal

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25 Urban RuralNational-Preserved Mixed-Preserved Coastal The Textures

26 URBAN promote growth, regeneration & economics of scale. MIXED PRESERVED combine preserved continuous open space with sustainable growth. COASTAL preserve open space and allow minimal coast oriented development. NATIONAL PRESERVED preserve vast open spaces & sustainable development on the edges. RURAL promote rural and urban development within a continuous open space. Five Textures

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30 TAMA 35: Division Of Israel's Land Area in 2020 Mixed-Preserved 28.9% National-Preserved 42.5% Coastal 2.2% Urban 9.2% Rural 17.2%

31 Uraban %, Rural - 4.8%, Mixed-Preserved - 9.7%, National-Preserved - 0.2%, Coastal - 0.8% Population by Textures

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38 The Planning Language - Main Distinctions 5 types of “Textures" Urban, Rural, National-preserved, Mixed-preserved, Coastal. 130 Planning Regions 30 of urban texture type, 20 of rural texture type, 10 of national preserve type, 50 of mixed preserve type, 20 of coastal type. 6 Settlement Patterns Distinction according to population size and metropolitan role. The Protected Areas Nature reserves, National parks, Forests. Cultural Ensembles Landscape, Heritage, Urban & Rural preservation complexes. Distinctive corridors, Nodes & Networks Buffers, rivers, coasts, scenic roads, railway road & infrasrufture

39 Main Principles of the Statutory Guidelines Encourage growth of communities within Urban Textures No limit to population targets in communities, except for “Moshavim” and “Kibbuzim”. Incremental utilization of the urban “search areas” Ensuring contiguous development, limited deviation from district outline plans, allocating a pre-determined % of interurban open space. Control growth of rural communities Growth of “Moshavim” & “Kibbuzim”: 350, 400, 450, 500 res. units according to size and location.

40 Limit Growth of Communities in Rural & Preservation-oriented Textures. Increase of up to 2.2 times their population in “Growth Communities” by size groups. New Settlements Policy Special consent of National Planning Council. According to texture, except for coastal. Subject to an alternative locations review. The Rule of Contiguous Development. New development to be adjacent to existing. Minimal Average Net Residential Density According to texture, sub-district and type of settlement. Flexibility according to social-economic status, projected household size, etc. Main Principles of the Statutory Guidelines

41 A variety of dwelling-unit types, a variety of community-social services facilities Required in every major residential zoning change. Plans must include affordable housing in the quantities and types to be determined by the planning commissions. Regulations for environmental protection Vulnerable areas, water resources, the sea of Galilee basin, airport noise contours. Open Space protection & enhancement Buffers, rivers, coasts, scenic roads. Nature reserves, national parks, forests. Landscape, Heritage, Rural preservation complexes. Main Principles of the Statutory Guidelines

42 Concentrate Non Agricultural Employment & Commerce in Cities and Adjacent Aareas Limit to urban communities & share local tax income. Exempt only when competition is minimized. In Preservation-Oriented Textures, pending an Environmental Impact Statement. Regulations for Infrastructure Development with an Emphasis on Public Transport Mandatory Guidelines in local and detailed plans. LU development pending implementation. Initiate Plans and Policy Documents Urban rejuvenation, plans for Planning Regions, local outline plans, Joint policy documents with neighboring entities. Main Principles of the Statutory Guidelines

43 Complimentary Policy Measures Development Priorities Socio-economic Policy Housing Employment Transportation W/E Resource Manag. Infrast. Integration Urban Rejuvenation Open Space Management Agriculture & Rural Manag. Minorites Municipal Reform Land Management Policy Regional Interfaces Environmental Sustainability Planning Procedures & Public Participation

44 Background Objectives A Planning Language Statutory Guidelines Policy Measures Summary

45 Fully and flexibly provide for the varied demands. Narrow the gaps between groups and regions: cultural diversity and instrumental collaboration. Strengthen cities and discourage suburban sprawl. Preserve open space, agriculture, rural landscapes and cultural heritage. Accelerate development of public Transport. Attend to neighboring populations and areas. Establish a clear and recognizable Spatial Structure: - Emphasis on Jerusalem, the Negev and the Galilee. - Four metropolitan regions. - The National Green Spine and Green Buffers. Sustainably utilize environmental resources. MAIN OBJECTIVES BRIDGING OVER CONFLICTSWITH ADDED VALUE“SHARING SPACE, MAKING PLACE”

46 A Sustainable “Eretz” Dynamic and careful balance between accelerated development and a more stable, equitable, regenerating, accessible, relaxed & friendly environment.

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49 The State of Israel The Ministry of the Interior The Planning Administration ERETZ = LAND Arch. Shamay Assif - Shamay Assif Naama Malis Architecture and Town Building ltd. Prof. Arieh Shachar - The Hebrew University in Jerusalem. in cooperation with Arch. Shlomo Ahronson - Architects Landscape Architects and Town Planners Ltd. Eng. Eldad Spivak- Eldad Spivak Engineering Co. Ltd. Enosh - Systems, Projects and Management. A National Outline Plan for Construction, Development Comprehensive & Conservation NOP No. 35

50 Beer Sheva

51 Jerusalem

52 Bat Yam

53 Eilat

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