2PROJECT MANAGEMENTA Project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result.Projects are a means of organizing activities that cannot be addressed within the organization’s normal operational limits.Projects are often utilized as a means of achieving an organization’s strategic plan.Project Management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements.
4PROJECT RISK MANAGEMENT No amount of planning can overcome risk.Plans are essentially things to do, what is missing from plans is what can go wrong.Risk is the chance that an undesirable event will occur and the consequences of all its possible outcomes.Project risk are those events that if materialized can kill or delay a project.
5PROJECT RISK MANAGEMENT Risk management attempts to recognize and manage potential problems during the project implementation.Identifies as many risk events as possible, minimizes their impact, manage response to those events if materialized and provides contingency funds to cover risk events that actually materialize.
7RISK MANAGEMENTRisk management is a proactive approach rather than reactive.Is a preventive process designed to reduce undesired events and to minimize negative consequences associated with those events.Successful management of project risk gives the project manager better control over the future and significantly improve chances of reaching project objectives on time, within budget, and meeting required technical (functional) performance.
8RISK MANAGEMENT PLANNING This is the process necessary for deciding how to approach, plan and execute the risk management activities for a project.Inputs:Enterprise environmental factorsOrganizational process assetsProject scope statementProject management planOutputs:Risk Management Plan
9RISK IDENTIFICATIONThis is the process necessary for determining which risk might affect the project and documenting their characteristics.Inputs:Enterprise environmental factorsOrganizational process assetsProject scope statementRisk management planProject management planOutputs:Risk register
10RISK IDENTIFICATIONThe risk management process begins by trying to generate a list of all the possible risks that could affect the project.The risk management team uses brainstorming and other identifying techniques to identify potential problemsKeep open mind and generate as many probable risks as possibleDon’t focus on consequences but in the events that could produce consequences
11RISK IDENTIFICATIONAn effective tool for identifying specific risks is the work breakdown structure (WBS)Use assumption analysis as a tool that explores the validity of assumptions as they apply to the projectUse diagramming techniques: Cause and effect diagrams, System or process flow charts, influence diagramsThe preparation of the risk register begins in the risk identification process: List of identified risks, list of potential responses, root causes of risk.
12QUALITATIVE RISK ANALYSIS This is the process necessary for prioritizing risks for subsequent further analysis or action by assessing and combining their probability of occurrence and impact.InputsOrganizational process assetsProject scope statementRisk management planRisk registerOutputsRisk register updates.
13QUALITATIVE RISK ANALYSIS Includes methods for prioritizing the identified risks for further actionAssesses the priority of identified risk using their probability of occurring, the corresponding impact on project objectives and other factors such as the time frame and risk tolerance of the project constraints of cost, schedule, scope, and quality.The risk register is updated with information from Qualitative risk analysis.
14QUALITATIVE RISK ANALYSIS TOOLS Risk probability and Impact Assessment: Investigates the likelihood that each specific risk will occurProbability and impact matrix: Specifies combinations of probability and impact that lead to rating the risks as low, moderate, or high priorityRisk Data Quality Assessment: Evaluate the degree to which the data about risk is useful for risk management.Risk Categorization: Risks to the project can be categorized by sources of risk, the area of the project affected, or other useful categoryRisk Urgency Assessment: Risks requiring near-term responses may be considered more urgent to address.
15QUANTITATIVE RISK ANALYSIS This is the process necessary for numerically analyzing the effect on overall project objectives of identified risks.InputsOrganizational process assetsProject scope statementRisk management planRisk registerProject management plan: Schedule management Plan, cost management planOutputsRisk register updates
16QUANTITATIVE RISK ANALYSIS Is performed on risks that have been prioritized by the qualitative risk analysis process as potentially and substantially impacting the project’s competing demands.A numerical rating is assigned to those risks.Data is gathered using pessimistic and optimistic scenarios.Sensitivity analysis helps to determine which risks have the most potential impact on the project.Other tools like Expected monetary value analysis (EMV) and decision tree analysis can be used.This process also provide updates for the Risk register
17RISK RESPONSE PLANNING This is the process necessary for developing options and actions to enhance opportunities and to reduce threats to project objectivesInputsRisk management planRisk registerOutputRisk register updatesProject management plan updatesRisk-related contractual agreements
18RISK RESPONSE PLANNING When a risk event is identified and assessed, a decision must be made concerning which response is appropriate for the specific event.Responses can be classified as mitigating, transferring, sharing, or retainingMitigating: Reduce the likelihood that the event will occur and/or reduce the impact that the event would have on the project.Transferring: Passing the risk to another party.Sharing: Allocates proportion of the risk to different parties.Retaining: In some cases a conscious decision is made to retain the risk of an event occurring.
19RISK RESPONSE PLANNING: Contingency planning A contingency planning is an alternate plan that will be used if a possible foreseen risk event becomes a realityContingency plan represents preventive actions that will reduce or mitigate the negative impact of the risk event.Answer the questions of what, where, when, and how much action will take place.Conditions for activating and implementation of the contingency plan should be decided and clearly documented.Include the cost estimate and the source of fundingInclude the risk response planning and the contingency plan results in the Risk register updates.
20RISK MONITORING AND CONTROL This is the process necessary for identifying, analyzing, and planning for newly arising risks, keeping track of the identified risks, monitoring trigger conditions for contingency plans.InputsRisk management planRisk registerApproved change requestsWork performance informationPerformance reportsOutputsRisk register updatesRequested changesRecommend corrective and preventive actions.Organizational process assets (updates)Project management plan updates
21RISK MONITORING AND CONTROL TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES Risk reassessment : Identification of new risksRisk audits : Examine and document the effectiveness of risk responses and the risk management processVariance and trend analysis : Review trends using performance dataTechnical performance measurement : Compares technical accomplishments during project execution to the project management plan’s schedule of technical achievementReserve analysis : Compares the amount of the contingency reserves remaining to the amount of risk remaining at any time in the project.Status Meetings : Include risk management in the agenda of periodic status meetings.
22CONCLUSIONSProject Risk Management includes the processes concerned with conducting risk management planning, identification, analysis, responses, and monitoring and control on a project.The objectives of Project Risk Management are to increase the probability and impact of positive events, and decrease the probability and impact of events adverse to the project.