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Chief Information Officers (CIO)

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Presentation on theme: "Chief Information Officers (CIO)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chief Information Officers (CIO)
Ravi Raina

2 Module 4 E-Government , Systems Architecture,
E-GIF , E-Services and related subjects

3 Objectives of Module 4 To enhance the knowledge of the CIOs on the basic concepts, techniques and tools for E-Government development and deployment including E-GIF, E-Services and BPR in the context of the E-Government Programme of the Government of Iraq

4 Scope E-Government & Public Sector Management Concepts
E-Government Development and Deployment E-Services E-Government Systems Architecture E-Government Interoperability Framework Business Process Mapping and Re-engineering

5 Public Sector Management and E-Governance

6 Management Concepts Planning ( Goal setting etc) Resource Allocation
Decision Making Monitoring and Control Nature of Management Process Strategic Policies and Strategies Tactical Operational Plans Operations Services and Products

7 Organizational Structure and Management Processes
Top Management Strategic Management Middle Managers Tactical Management Staff Operational Management

8 Information Vs Decision Making
Management Level Volume of Information required Aggregation Required Frequency Currency Top Management Low High Middle Management Medium Operational Management

9 Management Performance Vs Information Availability

10 Public Sector Management Process
Public Service Delivery Strategic Business Processes Operational Business Processes Management Information System Decision Support System Content Management System Applications Content / Doc. Repositories / Data warehouses

11 Traditional Bureaucratic Government Structure : Pyramidal TOP to Down
PM Departmental Heads Lower Functionaries

12 Organizational Structure
Enterprise Start Up Flat Organizations Flexi-project type Bureaucratic – Pyramidal Matrix

13 Organizational Culture
Personality of an Organization Value System Communication and participation Degree of Flexibility Attitude Ethics and Norms

14 Traditional Government Agency Structure
Prime Minsters office Ministry 1 Department 1 Office 1 Office 2 Office 3 Department 2 Department 3 Ministry 2 Ministry 3 Ministry 4

15 Traditional Government Structure : Characteristic

16 Traditional Government Mandate

17 Traditional Government Information Flow
Cabinet office AGENCY1 AGECY 2 Office a Office b Office c AGECY 3 Office d Office e Office f

18 Present Day: Government Mandate
ENACTING & IMPLEMENTING LAWS TAX COLLECTION SECURITY LAW AND ORDER MAINTENANCE NATIONAL DEFENCE Poverty Eradication Social Development Enhancing balanced Economic Development Promote Transparency Accountability and Democracy Better Service to public, efficient and cost effective

19 Customer Centric Vs Production Centric
A concept taken from commercial world Production centric suitable in shortage infested environment Market Orientation Customer is the boss in customer centric so start from there.

20 E-Government Concepts and Tools

21 E-Government: What it is not
It is not Computerizing the Existing Government Processes. It is not digitizing the files and documents of the Government. E-Government = Technology E-Government = Government ( Change management and Transformation )

22 Optimal application of technology for Governance
Optimality Being just right. Taking the system to the point of optimality at which the outcomes are maximized per unit of input Governance Establishment of ideal government that is Inclusive Integrated Citizen Centric

23 Governance System Optimization
Target Goal Points of Optimality TECH 2 TECH 1 A OUTPUTS INPUTS

24 People Technology Structure Structure Processes and Systems People

Attitudes Work Culture and Practices SKILLS Law Enforcement Agent Knowledge workers

26 PEOPLE WITHIN THE SOCIETY Interconnected knowledge
Attitudes SKILLS Participation information sharing Life Style Change Disconnected Isolated Communities Interconnected knowledge Society

27 Transformation in Government
From Bureaucratic » From Fragmented » From authoritarian » From closed » Intuition / guess work » Citizen Centric Integrated Service Oriented Participatory & Democratic Transparent Informed decision making

28 Electronic Media for data storage
Manual Operation » Manual Data storage » Automated Electronic Media for data storage Use of computers and other data manipulation devices for information management and wide use of electronic voice and data communication

29 New Zealand (Indicative List)
Developed Countries Canada Ireland Singapore South Korea UK Australia USA Denmark New Zealand (Indicative List)

30 Where is E-Gov. being Adopted
Developing Countries ( Middle Income Countries) Malaysia Botswana Egypt India Thailand Maldives Brazil Georgia Vietnam ( Indicative List)

31 Where is E-Gov. being Adopted
Developing Countries Ethiopia Afghanistan Iraq Rwanda East Timor Bangladesh Laos PDR Bhutan Nepal Sri Lanka Mozambique ( Indicative List)

32 Where is E-Gov. being Adopted
Developing Countries ( in our neighborhood) Azerbaijan Afghanistan Uzbekistan Tajikistan UAE Iran Bahrain


34 Traditional Vs E –Government
Use of Resources Low High Infrastructure Fragmented Integrated Cost of Service High Low Speed of Service Months/Days Hours/Minute ROI Low High Transparency Low High Participation Low High

35 Traditional Vs E –Government

36 Global Imperatives for E-Government
To be part of the emerging global knowledge based economy and society. Make international e-commerce possible. Interaction with the developing e- governments worldwide. Accelerate social and Economic development through globalization .

37 Framework for Development & Deployment
ICT Sectoral Programs E-Government Restructure, Re-engineered Processes Policies, Strategies, Standards and Laws Communication & ICT Infrastructure / Security Training and Skill Development

38 E-Services Government to Government G2G Government to Business G2B
Government to Citizen G2C

39 Automated Government Processes
Electronic Exchange of documents and EDMS/ CONTENT management./ Knowledge Management Collaboration :chatting and ing and video and voice conferencing. B-Process and work flow integration Information sharing and integration-EII Electronic information searching across the enterprise. Government Payroll and Personnel Management online Government HRM and Development including Training. Government Financial Management Government Strategic Planning and Operational Decision .MIS and DSS.

40 Improved Public Health Administration
Better monitoring and management of public health through an integrated national Health Information System. Better control of and monitoring of epidemics and spread of disease (HIV, Malaria, Swine Flue) Public Health Information dissemination quickly and fast training of Health Workers on line Telemedicine and e-health service through linking of lower level health centers with higher level referral Hospitals. Better Health Centre and Hospital Management One of the priority areas-National Dev Plan of Iraq

41 Gov. Information available on line at the government web sites
Government Forms available on line for easy downloading Registration of birth and death on line Land records management and information Drivers Licensing application on line Business Registration and trade licensing on line Application for Customs clearance on line. Application for Passport on line Application admission to government education institutions on line Information broadcasting electronically and disaster management. Electronic government payments Citizen grievance registration and follow up Delivery of critical information to specialized citizen groups Delivery of extension and training services

42 Automated Financial management and Accounting Systems.
Automated Auditing Systems E-Procurement E-Recruitment. E-Inventory and materials management. Automated HR and Payroll system Citizen and Business E-Services

43 Delivery of formal and information education on line
Delivery of life long learning through career courses online Delivery of Basic Education to remote areas though virtual schools. Public Education and National HR management based on sound skill and education and HR information. Better management of public schools and educational institutions. Education of the priority areas-National Dev Plan of Iraq

44 Provision of soil information
Provision of agronomy and agriculture extension services Provision of animal husbandry services Provision of weather information Provision of Agriculture market information. Provision of agriculture pricing information. Provision of sub-soil water resource information. Rural Credit Management Development of Rural Enterprise –information Agriculture one of the priority areas-National Dev Plan of Iraq

45 Land Information management system
Land use mapping and planning Forest Information data base and information system Water and other Natural resource information systems Dissemination of environment information. Environment modeling and research support. Monitoring emissions and air pollutants

46 E-Government Developments and Systems Architecture-Iraq

47 Iraq- E-Government Vision
Iraq harnesses ICT tools to improve basic services to all and to promote all-round good governance, including increased public participation, better social equity and justice as well as a general enhancement of the transparency and effectiveness of public institutions in order to build the necessary platform for a competitive, robust and knowledge-based economy. 

48 E-Government Strategic Goals
Goal 1: Strengthen the interaction between citizens and the state to enhance participation of civil society in public affairs and promote social inclusion. Goal 2: Disseminate and promote the new e-Governance services within the provinces so that all citizens have access to them on an equal opportunity standing. Goal 3: Increase the capabilities and responsiveness of public institutions through the use of ICTs to achieve better governance and to enhance efficiency, transparency and accountability

49 E-Government Strategic Goals
Goal 4: Contribute to the development of a favorable environment for sound economic growth Goal 5: Foster the development of a knowledge based society and bridging the digital divide

50 Iraq Government Priorities
Achieve Security and stability Reconstruction Rehabilitation Establish rule of law Establish Governance Structure & Systems Social and Economic Development ( Education, Health, Agriculture)- (National Development Plan )

51 Strategic Focus-E-Government Iraq
Awareness raising and Communication Human Capacity and Resources Government Interoperability, Standards and Applications Organizational and cultural change Regulatory framework Telecommunications infrastructure Financial Resource Management Monitoring, Evaluation and Assessments Connecting services and citizen Data and information systems

52 Strategic Focus-E-Government Iraq

53 E-Government -Sectoral Focus
e-Health, e-Education, e-Municipal works and Local Government e-Personnel citizens

54 Service Oriented ( SOA)
N- Tier ( Multi Layer) Web Based ( Internet ) Service Oriented ( SOA) Enterprise Application Integration Enterprise Information Integration Maximum Service Orientation Optimized E-SERVICES

55 High Level E-Government Systems Architecture
FULFILMENT Back end applications and Data bases INTEGRATION FRAMEWORK other E Govt. Systems Customer Interface

56 E-Government Architecture Model
Agency-1 Agency-6 Agency-2 E-Govt. Hub Agency-3 Information Agency-6 Agency-5 Agency-4

57 Project Management at the Provincial Level- Systems Architecture

58 Systems Architecture- E-Procurement

59 E-Government Interoperability
Framework (e GIF)

60 Iraq e-GIF: Definition
e-Governance interoperability, in its broad sense, is the ability of constituencies to work together. At a technical level, it is the ability of two or more government information and communications technology (ICT) systems or components to exchange information and to use the information that has been exchanged to improve governance.

61 Scope of e-GIF Framework Policies and guidelines Technical Standards
Implementation and management guidelines How is it different from National Standards and National Government Standards?

62 E-GIF ARCHITECTURE E-GIF e-GIF Access and Presentation e-GIF
Policies & Guidelines e-GIF Technical Standards e-GIF Implementation Management & Compliance Government Meta Data Standard Controlled Subject Vocabulary English, Dari & Pashtu Information Security Data Exchange Business and Application Access and Presentation Network Standards Web Services Appl. Integrations

63 Applicability of e-GIF
Federal Government Ministries and Departments The office of the President and all its Departments . All provincial Government Ministries and all their subordinate offices and departments. All offices of the Provincial Governors and its subordinate offices All government operated autonomous institutions. All local government entities and organs All privately owned businesses and private entities that act as subcontractors for the government must follow e-GIF in their upside links with the government owned systems.

64 E-GIF Major Policies Adoption of Open and Free standards
Reduction of Risk Durability Flexibility and interoperability Better Vendor Support: Lower Costs and Better ROI: International Standards Internet and world wide web Extensible Markup Language (XML) Content and Document Management Delivery Channels Users with disabilities Information Security Maximize Participation

65 E-GIF Implementation Framework
E-Government Ministerial Committee Ministry of Science and Technology Interagency E- Government Working Groups National E-Government Advisory Group Change Management and Reorganization Group Controlled Vocabulary Government Content Management & Metadata Group Government Metadata Government Hardware & Network Standards Group Government Data Exchange Standards Group Government Web Service Standards Group Government Information Security Group Accessibility and Presentation Standards Group Government Business Application Standards Group e-Business, eLearning, e-Government Geospatial Data, Health, e-news

66 e-GIF-High Level Management Process
Drafting & Revision Control Redrafting Publish for Consultation Review Acceptance Formal Change Control Release for Use

67 E-GIF Compliance What is e-GIF Compliance Test for Compliance
Timetable to achieve compliance. E-GIF Compliance Certification Authorized entities for compliance certification

68 Business Process Mapping
and Re-engineering

69 Business Process Concepts
Business Processes Activities and Actions INPUTS OUTPUTS

70 Business Process Mapping

71 Business Process Mapping
Four Major Steps of Process Mapping Process identification . Information gathering Interviewing and mapping Analysis

72 BPR Vs Process Improvement
Process Improvement (TQM) versus Process Innovation (BPR) Description Improvement Innovation Level of Change Incremental Radical Starting Point Existing Processes Clean Slate Frequency of Change One time / Continuous One Time Time Required Short Long Participation Bottom Up Top Down Typical Scope Narrow ( Within functions) Broad ( Cross Functional) Risk Moderate High Primary Enabler Statistical Control Information Technology Type of Change Cultural Cultural/ Structural

73 Approach & Methodology for BPR
Develop the Business Vision and Process Objectives BPR is driven by a business vision which implies specific business objectives such as Cost Reduction, Time Reduction, Output Quality / improvement,/Learning/Empowerment. Identify the Processes to be Redesigned Most firms use the High- Impact approach which focuses on the most important processes or those that conflict most with the business vision. Lesser number of firms use the Exhaustive approach that attempts to identify all the processes within an organization and then prioritize them in order of redesign urgency. Understand and Measure the Existing Processes For avoiding the repeating of old mistakes and for providing a baseline for future improvements Identify IT Levers Awareness of IT capabilities can and should influence process design Design and Build a Prototype of the New Process The actual design should not be viewed as the end of the BPR process. Rather, it should be viewed as a prototype, with successive iterations. The metaphor of prototype aligns the BPR approach with quick delivery of results, and the involvement and satisfaction of customers.

74 BPR Methodology

75 New Technologies To enhance effectiveness and efficiency of E-Government Mobile Technologies Cloud Computing Convergence of Technologies- Shared Delivery Platform

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