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Integrating Service Learning into the Traditional ClassroomNicholas Holton Kirtland Community College
Definition of Service LearningCommunity Service Learning is a pedagogical model that connects meaningful community service experiences with academic course learning. Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
A Context for Service-LearningService-learning is an effective pedagogy - an academically rigorous method to teach course content in a discipline. Service-learning as an engaged pedagogy is not the goal - it is a means to an end - a means to the end of civic education. Service-learning is a movement in higher education - transforming colleges and universities in every sector, in many disciplines, across the country and internationally. Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Benefits of Service LearningEnriches student learning of course material Engages students in active learning that demonstrates the relevance of their academic work Increases awareness of current societal issues as they relate to academic areas. Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Benefits of Service LearningBroadens perspectives of diversity issues and enhances critical thinking. Improves interpersonal skills. Develops civic responsibility through active community involvement. Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Benefits of Service Learning Community:Provides substantial human resources to meet educational, human, safety, and environmental needs of local communities. Allows the energy and enthusiasm of students to contribute to meeting needs. Fosters an ethic of service and civic participation in students. Creates potential for additional partnerships and collaboration. Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
The Best Service Learning ProgramsAre bound directly to the academic curriculum. Meet a real community need. Provide for structured group reflection time. Engage students in group decisions and problem solving. Match the skills of students with community needs. Provide a wide variety of options for students. Provide recognition for services rendered. Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Service Learning: Essential ElementsReciprocity Reflection Development: Enabling to empowering; Observation, to experience; Following to leadership. Meaningful Service Diversity Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Ways to Integrate a Service ComponentIndependent 4th credit option Required within a course Option within a course Class Service Projects Disciplinary Capstone Projects Service Research Projects Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Principles of Good PracticeAcademic credit is for learning, not for service Do not compromise academic rigor Set learning goals for students Establish criteria for the selection of community service placements Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Principles of Good PracticeProvide educationally-sound mechanisms to harvest the community learning Provide supports for students to learn how to harvest the community learning Minimize the distinction between the community and classroom learning roles Re-think the faculty instructional role Prepare for variation in student outcomes Maximize the community responsibility Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Resources and Support Services https://secure.stulife.cmich.edu/VolunteerCenter/ Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Service Learning Project DesignLunch Discussion Results (open discussion) Enhanced Academic Learning Relevant Service Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
The Counternormative Nature of Academic Service-LearningNicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Promoting Learning: [Cognitive Sciences Suggest Six Foci]Approaches that emphasize application and experience Approaches in which faculty constructively model the learning process Approaches that emphasize linking established concepts to new situations Approaches the emphasize interpersonal collaboration Approaches that emphasize rich and frequent feedback on performances Curricula that consistently develop a limited set of clearly identified, cross-disciplinary skills that are publicly held to be important *source: Peter Ewel, “Organizing for Learning.” AAHE Bulletin, December, 1997, pp. 3-6 Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
The Kolb Learning CycleConcrete Experience Action Experimentation Reflective Observation Abstract Conceptualization Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Steps to Develop and Execute A Service Learning StrategyConsider the courses you teach and determine how community service might be helpful to enrich learning in that discipline. 2. With service sites or activities in mind, consider your goals and motives in using the application. Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Steps to Develop and Execute A Service Learning StrategyBased upon your motives, goals, and objectives, choose a course service option. Once you have chosen how service will be incorporated, review and alter your course objectives and syllabus to reflect the change. Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Steps to Develop and Execute A Service Learning Strategy5. On the first day of class, explain and promote the ideas behind including Service Learning in your class. Explain the benefits to the student and the community. 6. Work with students to develop specific service and learning objectives for their service experiences. Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Steps to Develop and Execute A Service Learning Strategy7. Teach students how to harvest the service experience for knowledge. Link the service experience to your academic course content through deliberate and guided reflection. 9. Evaluate your Service Learning outcomes as you would any other product. Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Kirtland Community CollegeSyllabus Addendum Mathematics is an integral part of many jobs and situations we face. Many times it is used so often that we don’t even think about it. Thus as we prepare for a future vocation it important to see, yes even experience mathematics in real situations. If we can experience the math we will need in our chosen field the academic preparation becomes even more intrinsically important. To this end, the following activity will allow you to experience the math needed in your program. Throughout the semester you will have the opportunity to work at a community service agency in a field of your choice. This is an opportunity for you to study mathematics related to your field. It is expected that the student will make this a worthwhile experience for himself or herself, and for the participating organization. The following is a list of requirements, definitions and a timetable for the completions of this project. This is a required lab activity and will be treated as all the other labs. Failure to complete this part will be recorded as a zero for that lab grade. Since there are few labs, missing any one will significantly affect your grade. Thus it is imperative that you stay current and complete each section as the due dates indicate. Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Advice on Designing a Service Learning CourseAre course goals and objectives realistic? Has advance planning taken place with the community agency to effectively integrate service-based learning with course goals and objectives? What provisions have been made for evaluation and assessment? Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Service Learning Websites:AAHE: AACC: Campus Compact National Service-Learning Clearinghouse Service-Learning – Higher Education Guide Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Recent Student Comments Concerning Their Service Learning Projects... I fell that this was a good learning experience. I felt I walked away with more knowledge. ..I had a pretty good idea of how math was involved and I would definitely volunteer more. ... It should also stay in the curriculum You grow up taking math classes and you question why you need to know this, ” I’m never going to use it”. The community service activity helps you realize that you do use math some of it consciously and sometimes unconsciously. ... My experience was wonderful. I like volunteering because I meet people and if you mess up something you can’t get fired... ... I think it’s weird that it’s required in a math class. I would expect it in a speech, English or Health class but not math. I always think of math as a class you have to take to get out of the way, not to have to apply to your everyday life. ... I would not trade this experience in for any other that I have experienced at school and I am also considering helping her out as much as I can. Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College © 2007
Service Learning In The Rural Community College Nicholas Holton Kirtland Community College www2.kirtland.edu/servicelearning/
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