2ON-SITE FOOD SERVICEOn-Site food service is defined as “operations where food is served outside of the home but where food is not the primary business.”This can include locations where people are at work, play, recreation, school, etc.This segment has a long history. It was originally known as “institutional” food service because it was associated with “institutions” such as universities and hospitals.
3ON-SITE FOOD SERVICEExamples include: (1) Business and Industry; (2) Colleges and Universities; (3) Health Care and; (4) Schools.These are the four primary segments that we will discuss but there are many other environments where people purchase food service in these types of environments – can you think of some examples?
4ON-SITE FOOD SERVICEThe segment was also known as “noncommercial food service” because originally, it was operated by the institutions themselves on a break even basis (without attempt to make a profit).It was also long operated on the assumption that its customers represented a “captive market.” The current thinking views the market more as customers who have choices.
5ON-SITE FOOD SERVICESome terms that you will need to understand (that are unique to this segment) include the following:Participation rate (compare with measure used in commercial restaurants)Self-opContractorManaged servicesClient
6ON-SITE FOOD SERVICEThe reasons that we choose to include this segment in this course is:The areas that it has in common with other hospitality sectorsThe involvement of traditional hospitality companies in managementIts size and scopeThe professional opportunities available
7SELF-OPERATED FACILITIES Self-ops are food service operations that institutions choose to manage themselvesHistorically, before the advent of professional management companies, this was how most operations were managed
8MANAGED SERVICES COMPANIES Managed services companies are those companies that specialize in managing food service operations for a third partySuch companies believe that they are able to offer operational advantages to the host company (client) including cost savings, economies of scale, variety of offerings and problem solving abilities (trouble-shooting)
9MANAGED SERVICES COMPANIES Managed service companies have been able to develop a network of expertise from managing “accounts” all over the country and the worldThey develop managers who are experts in the areaThey have support systems, new product development and financial stability
10MANAGED SERVICES COMPANIES The “penetration” of managed services companies continues to grow. The penetration rates in the major market segments is:B & I: 80% – 85%Colleges and universities: 60% – 65%Health care: 45% – 50%Schools: 20% – 25%
11MANAGED SERVICES COMPANIES The major companies include ARAMARK, Sodexho, and Compass.Other companies tend to be smaller, regional operators or operators that specialize in a particular segment (stadium feeding)Oddly, their names rarely appear in (or on) the facility itself so that the customer sometimes does not know which company operates the food service
12BUSINESS AND INDUSTRYBusiness and Industry (or Business Dining) provides food service to company employeesBusiness Dining is affected by the size of the work force and the health of the economy (or employment rate)It has the highest rate of managed service of all four segments.
13BUSINESS AND INDUSTRYFood programs have proven to be very important to companies in recent years but…Companies have reduced subsidies in recent yearsAffected by commercial restaurant segmentMany companies specialize in Business Dining such as Guckenheimer and others
14TRENDS IN BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY Aggressive marketingOrganic growthMore options for dinersMore branded conceptsInnovative menusGrab n’ go
15COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES Foodservice on college and university campuses is necessary even if the campus is non-residentialFood services must not only accommodate students but also faculty, staff and visitorsWhere “board plans” were once the rule, now there are many options
16COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES College and university food service is affected by demographics, students living on campus, and food quality, among othersThe introduction of brands has been the biggest factor in recent years (national and proprietary)Most college and university programs are managed by contractors and the penetration rate continues to increaseSome large schools that are still self- operated include Purdue, Penn State, and Michigan State University
17TRENDS IN COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES Healthy segmentUniversities are trying harder to attract nontraditional studentsNew brands (Starbucks)More choiceComfortable/multi purpose dining areas
18HEALTH CARE FOOD SERVICE This segment includes hospitals (large and small) and nursing homesFood had always been important in this environment but has become more important in recent yearsThe presence of Dieticians makes this segment differentDieticians are professional qualified individuals who manage the nutritional aspects of food service
19HEALTH CARE FOOD SERVICE Hospitals are taking food more seriously as a result of: (1) competition; (2) customer feedback and; (3) becoming more “business like”Health care has sophisticated facilities and systems as well as unique challengesOnly about 50 % of health care food service facilities are outsourced but increasing
20TRENDS IN HEALTH CARE FOOD SERVICE More emphasis on retailIntroduction of brandsCost reductions – doing more with lessRevenue enhancement (catering, cooking events)Growth!
21SCHOOL FOOD SERVICESchool foodservice serves two functions: (1) proving food to school children and; (2) taking care of underprivileged children through federally assisted mealsThis is accomplished through subsidies and government food programsSome systems feed 1 million children a dayAgain, participation rates are important
22SCHOOL FOOD SERVICE Lowest percentage of contractor penetration Lower profit marginsSpecialized marketLarge systems (650 schools in Chicago)Challenges with restrictions and diet
23TRENDS IN SCHOOL FOOD SERVICE Lower enrolmentsFighting child obesityGreater responsibility of food service programsGrowing importance of educationCelebrity involvement