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Basic Ecclesial Communities An Expression of a Renewed Church in the Philippines Rev. Amado L. Picardal, CSsR, STD.

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Presentation on theme: "Basic Ecclesial Communities An Expression of a Renewed Church in the Philippines Rev. Amado L. Picardal, CSsR, STD."— Presentation transcript:

1 Basic Ecclesial Communities An Expression of a Renewed Church in the Philippines Rev. Amado L. Picardal, CSsR, STD

2 The PCP II Vision of a Renewed Church and the Ecclesiology of Basic Ecclesial Communities The PCP II Vision of a Renewed Church and the Ecclesiology of Basic Ecclesial Communities Historical and Phenomenological Perspectives of the Basic Ecclesial Communities in the Philippines Historical and Phenomenological Perspectives of the Basic Ecclesial Communities in the Philippines

3 The PCP II Vision of a Renewed Church The Basic Ecclesial Communities: An Ecclesiological Perspective

4 The Second Plenary Council of the Philippines (PCP II) A gathering of over 450 Church leaders (bishops, priests, religious & lay people) held in January to February 1991 A gathering of over 450 Church leaders (bishops, priests, religious & lay people) held in January to February 1991 Held 26 years after Vatican II and 5 years after EDSA uprising Held 26 years after Vatican II and 5 years after EDSA uprising To reflect on the identity and mission of the Church in the context of new realities To reflect on the identity and mission of the Church in the context of new realities

5 PCP II Document I.Lights & Shadows: The Philippine Situation II.A Vision of a Church Renewed III.Renewed Integral Evangelization IV.Workers of Renewal

6 PCP II Vision of a Renewed Church Community of Disciples living in communion participating in the mission of Christ as a prophetic, priestly & kingly people and as a Church of the Poor

7 Sources of PCP II Vision of a Renewed Church Vatican II Vision of the Church as Communion and as People of God – a priestly, prophetic and kingly people Vatican II Vision of the Church as Communion and as People of God – a priestly, prophetic and kingly people MSPC (Mindanao-Sulu Pastoral Conference) Vision of the Church as a witnessing, worshipping and serving community MSPC (Mindanao-Sulu Pastoral Conference) Vision of the Church as a witnessing, worshipping and serving community The FABC (Federation of Asian Bishops’ Conference) vision of the Church as Church of the Poor. The FABC (Federation of Asian Bishops’ Conference) vision of the Church as Church of the Poor.

8 PCP II brings together under the heading of Community of disciples the various models of the Church: communion, herald (prophetic), sacramental (priestly), servant (kingly), & church of the poor. PCP II brings together under the heading of Community of disciples the various models of the Church: communion, herald (prophetic), sacramental (priestly), servant (kingly), & church of the poor. It further links its realization in the Basic Ecclesial Communities It further links its realization in the Basic Ecclesial Communities

9 BECs as Expression of the PCP II Vision of a Renewed Church “Our vision of the Church as communion, participation and mission, about the Church as priestly, prophetic, & kingly people, and as a Church of the Poor- a church that is renewed - is today finding expression in one ecclesial movement. This is the movement to foster Basic Ecclesial Communities.” par 137

10 Prophetic (witnessing) Kingly (servant) Priestly (worshipping) PCP II Vision of BECs: Community of Disciples

11 BECs as Way of Being Church Thus, when we speak about a new way of being Church we refer to the PCP II vision of renewed Church which finds expression in the BECs. Thus, when we speak about a new way of being Church we refer to the PCP II vision of renewed Church which finds expression in the BECs. What can be said about the Church in general can be said about BECs. The BECs are the microcosm of the Church – it is a new way of being Church. What can be said about the Church in general can be said about BECs. The BECs are the microcosm of the Church – it is a new way of being Church. The BECs are the most local expression of the Church: the church at the grassroots, the church in the neighborhood, the church in the barangay. The BECs are the most local expression of the Church: the church at the grassroots, the church in the neighborhood, the church in the barangay.

12 BECs a Way of Being Church Through the BECs, the Church is truly experienced as a community of disciples. Through the BECs, the Church is truly experienced as a community of disciples. The lay faithful experience communion. The lay faithful experience communion. The lay faithful live out their vocation as people of God that participates in Christ’s prophetic, priestly and kingly mission The lay faithful live out their vocation as people of God that participates in Christ’s prophetic, priestly and kingly mission The church becomes truly the Church of the Poor The church becomes truly the Church of the Poor

13 The Church as Communion The image of Church as communion emphasizes the communitarian and interpersonal dimension of the Church. The image of Church as communion emphasizes the communitarian and interpersonal dimension of the Church. Ecclesial communion can be lived out in various levels: Ecclesial communion can be lived out in various levels: Universal (communion of local Churches) Universal (communion of local Churches) Local (communion of dioceses/parishes) Local (communion of dioceses/parishes) Parish (communion of BECs) Parish (communion of BECs)

14 BECs as Expression of Communion According to John Paul II, the BECs can be “true expression of communion and a means towards construction of a more profound communion.” According to John Paul II, the BECs can be “true expression of communion and a means towards construction of a more profound communion.” In the BECs the members have a strong sense of belonging & responsibility for one another. In the BECs the members have a strong sense of belonging & responsibility for one another. The members experience the bond of unity which is based on shared faith, celebrated in the breaking of the bread, concretely expressed in the sharing of material goods. The members experience the bond of unity which is based on shared faith, celebrated in the breaking of the bread, concretely expressed in the sharing of material goods.

15 Living in Communion as BECs A new way of being Church means looking at the parish as network of BECs – a communion of communions. A new way of being Church means looking at the parish as network of BECs – a communion of communions. The members of BECs experience communion among themselves, while each BEC is linked to other BECS. The members of BECs experience communion among themselves, while each BEC is linked to other BECS. Although ministered by lay leaders, the BECs maintain a bond of communion with their pastors – the parish priests & the bishop. Although ministered by lay leaders, the BECs maintain a bond of communion with their pastors – the parish priests & the bishop.

16 Church as People of God: Prophetic, Priestly & Kingly Vatican II & PCP II views the Church as a people of God that is prophetic, priestly & kingly by nature and mission. Vatican II & PCP II views the Church as a people of God that is prophetic, priestly & kingly by nature and mission. This image of the Church asserts that all the baptized share in the life and mission of the Church. This image of the Church asserts that all the baptized share in the life and mission of the Church. Thus, the laity have the right and responsibility to actively participate in the prophetic, priestly and kingly mission of the Church Thus, the laity have the right and responsibility to actively participate in the prophetic, priestly and kingly mission of the Church

17 Prophetic, Priestly, Kingly People This provides us with a holistic view of the Church. This provides us with a holistic view of the Church. It negates the exclusively liturgical/ sacramental image of the Church. It negates the exclusively liturgical/ sacramental image of the Church. The Church is not only a worshipping community, it is also a prophetic and servant community. The Church is not only a worshipping community, it is also a prophetic and servant community. This image of the Church can be experienced by ordinary lay people at the BECs since these are prophetic, priestly and servant communities. This image of the Church can be experienced by ordinary lay people at the BECs since these are prophetic, priestly and servant communities.

18 The Church as Prophetic People It has the mission of proclaiming the Good news – a mission of evangelization & catechesis. It has the mission of proclaiming the Good news – a mission of evangelization & catechesis. It is also called to be the conscience of society – this is the mission of denouncing evil and all its manifestation: injustice, oppression, violence, the culture of death. It is also called to be the conscience of society – this is the mission of denouncing evil and all its manifestation: injustice, oppression, violence, the culture of death. It witnesses to the word & calls people to conversion. It witnesses to the word & calls people to conversion. The prophetic mission of the church can be exercised in the universal and local level by the hierarchy and the laity, The prophetic mission of the church can be exercised in the universal and local level by the hierarchy and the laity,

19 BECs as Prophetic Communities It is in and through BECs that lay people can participate in the prophetic mission of the Church. It is in and through BECs that lay people can participate in the prophetic mission of the Church. The BECs come together to listen to the Word, to proclaim and give witness to it. The BECs come together to listen to the Word, to proclaim and give witness to it. They are evangelized and evangelizing communities, they are witnessing communities. They are evangelized and evangelizing communities, they are witnessing communities. BECs have the task of evangelizing & catechizing families, neighborhood communities and barangays. BECs have the task of evangelizing & catechizing families, neighborhood communities and barangays.

20 BECs as Prophetic Communities BECs carry out their prophetic & evangelizing mission whenever they come together in their homes and chapels for their bible-service to reflect on the word of God and their concrete situation.

21 The BECs also exercise the prophetic role by denouncing evil in all its manifestation: the culture of death, the violation of human rights, injustice, exploitation, oppression, etc. The BECs also exercise the prophetic role by denouncing evil in all its manifestation: the culture of death, the violation of human rights, injustice, exploitation, oppression, etc. The BECs call everyone to conversion The BECs call everyone to conversion The BECs announce a message of salvation & liberation, of justice and peace. The BECs announce a message of salvation & liberation, of justice and peace.

22 The Church as Priestly People The Church is a worshipping and celebrating community. The Church is a worshipping and celebrating community. The priesthood of the faithful is expressed in the full and active participation in the liturgical and sacramental celebration. The priesthood of the faithful is expressed in the full and active participation in the liturgical and sacramental celebration. The lay-faithful can exercise their priestly mission not only in the parish level but also in BECs. The lay-faithful can exercise their priestly mission not only in the parish level but also in BECs.

23 BECs as Priestly Communities They gather weekly in their chapel to celebrate the Liturgy of the Word presided by lay leaders. They gather weekly in their chapel to celebrate the Liturgy of the Word presided by lay leaders. Their monthly or bi-monthly celebration of the Eucharist with the parish priest is festive and well participated. Their monthly or bi-monthly celebration of the Eucharist with the parish priest is festive and well participated. They have communal liturgies or rituals for various occasions (birthdays, planting & harvesting, sickness, wakes & funerals) They have communal liturgies or rituals for various occasions (birthdays, planting & harvesting, sickness, wakes & funerals)

24 Priestly/Worshipping Communities Bible-Service/ Liturgy of the Word BEC Mass

25 The Kingly/Servant People The Church as a Kingly People is called to be a Servant Church. The Church as a Kingly People is called to be a Servant Church. The mission of the church is not purely spiritual. The mission of the church is not purely spiritual. The Church is called to be attentive to the situation of poverty, injustice, armed conflict, human rights violation, ecological degradation, The Church is called to be attentive to the situation of poverty, injustice, armed conflict, human rights violation, ecological degradation, PCP II calls for a renewed social apostolate and for the Church to actively participate in the work for justice, peace, development & integrity of creation. The church is to be involved in social transformation. PCP II calls for a renewed social apostolate and for the Church to actively participate in the work for justice, peace, development & integrity of creation. The church is to be involved in social transformation.

26 BECs as Serving Communities It is in & through the BECs that lay people can actively participate in the process of social transformation. It is in & through the BECs that lay people can actively participate in the process of social transformation. In response to the problem of poverty, they can set up socio-economic projects (IGP, livelihood, cooperatives, sustainable agriculture, etc.) In response to the problem of poverty, they can set up socio-economic projects (IGP, livelihood, cooperatives, sustainable agriculture, etc.) Cooperative

27 BECs as Serving Communities In response to the armed conflict, they can establish peace zones and be part of the peace movement that pressures the government and revolutionary forces to pursue the peace process.

28 BECs as Serving Communities To ensure clean and honest elections, the BECs can be mobilized to help the PPCRV or NAMFREL. To ensure clean and honest elections, the BECs can be mobilized to help the PPCRV or NAMFREL. They can help in defending the environment They can help in defending the environment They can be mobilized to participate in nationwide prayer rallies and vigils for various causes taken up by the CBCP or the diocese They can be mobilized to participate in nationwide prayer rallies and vigils for various causes taken up by the CBCP or the diocese

29 The Church of the Poor The most popular image of the Church in PCP II – the Church of the poor The most popular image of the Church in PCP II – the Church of the poor This requires that the leaders and members of the Church embrace evangelical poverty, live a simple life-style and share their resources with the poor. This requires that the leaders and members of the Church embrace evangelical poverty, live a simple life-style and share their resources with the poor. Those who are not poor are called to make an option for the poor, to be in solidarity with the poor and to defend their rights. Those who are not poor are called to make an option for the poor, to be in solidarity with the poor and to defend their rights. The poor members are empowered & called to actively participate in the life & mission of the Church. The poor members are empowered & called to actively participate in the life & mission of the Church.

30 BECs as expression of the Church of the Poor The BECs enable the poor to embrace evangelical poverty and to actively participate in the Church’s prophetic, priestly and pastoral mission The BECs enable the poor to embrace evangelical poverty and to actively participate in the Church’s prophetic, priestly and pastoral mission The poor are not only evangelized, they also become evangelizers The poor are not only evangelized, they also become evangelizers The poor are not just passive recipients of aid, they are active participants in the process of social transformation. The poor are empowered to struggle for peace, justice, development, liberation and the integrity of creation The poor are not just passive recipients of aid, they are active participants in the process of social transformation. The poor are empowered to struggle for peace, justice, development, liberation and the integrity of creation

31 BECs in the Philippines Historical & Phenomenological Perspective

32 Emergence of BECs The BECs (BCCs) first emerged in Mindanao, Southern Philippines in the late 60s, a few years after Vatican II The BECs (BCCs) first emerged in Mindanao, Southern Philippines in the late 60s, a few years after Vatican II The formation of BECs was part of post-conciliar renewal carried out by foreign missionaries and local clergy. The formation of BECs was part of post-conciliar renewal carried out by foreign missionaries and local clergy. The Mindanao-Sulu Pastoral Conference (MSPC) promoted the formation of BECs since the early 1970s The Mindanao-Sulu Pastoral Conference (MSPC) promoted the formation of BECs since the early 1970s

33 Growth of BECs under Martial Law Many BECs in Mindanao, Visayas & Luzon were formed during the Martial Law period. Many BECs in Mindanao, Visayas & Luzon were formed during the Martial Law period. The unhampered growth of BECs from the early 70s to the late 70s. There were various groups & institutions promoting BECs: MSPC, KrisKa, RMT, BCC-CO, etc. The unhampered growth of BECs from the early 70s to the late 70s. There were various groups & institutions promoting BECs: MSPC, KrisKa, RMT, BCC-CO, etc. Many BECs that emerged became prophetic & acted as centers of resistance to the Marcos regime. Many BECs that emerged became prophetic & acted as centers of resistance to the Marcos regime.

34 Awareness/conscientization seminars were given that awakened the members of the BECs to the reality of the situation. Awareness/conscientization seminars were given that awakened the members of the BECs to the reality of the situation. The liturgies that were celebrated during Advent, Christmas, Lent and Holy Week were correlated with the situation of poverty, injustice, oppression and violation of human rights. The liturgies that were celebrated during Advent, Christmas, Lent and Holy Week were correlated with the situation of poverty, injustice, oppression and violation of human rights. The drama workshops also highlighted the situation under a repressive dictatorial regime. The drama workshops also highlighted the situation under a repressive dictatorial regime. The ongoing bible-reflection and bible-service also referred to the current situation The ongoing bible-reflection and bible-service also referred to the current situation

35 The bible-reflection sessions and the liturgies became spaces where people could break the culture of silence and fear and encouraged them to participate in the struggle against the dictatorial regime. The bible-reflection sessions and the liturgies became spaces where people could break the culture of silence and fear and encouraged them to participate in the struggle against the dictatorial regime. There were BECs that became involved in militant activities – such as protest marches and rallies against various issues (military abuses, human rights violations, U.S. bases, dam project, land reform, etc.). There were BECs that became involved in militant activities – such as protest marches and rallies against various issues (military abuses, human rights violations, U.S. bases, dam project, land reform, etc.).

36 Some members and leaders of BECs in Red Areas even supported the revolutionary movement

37 Suspicion and Repression of BECs All these led to the suspicion that the BECs were being used by groups struggling against the Marcos regime. All these led to the suspicion that the BECs were being used by groups struggling against the Marcos regime. In a master’s thesis on “Contemporary Religious Radicalism in the Philippines” which he submitted to the National Defence College in the 1979, Colonel Galileo Kintanar wrote that the religious radicals were building up the BECs as “an infrastructure of political power” that could pose as a threat to national security. In a master’s thesis on “Contemporary Religious Radicalism in the Philippines” which he submitted to the National Defence College in the 1979, Colonel Galileo Kintanar wrote that the religious radicals were building up the BECs as “an infrastructure of political power” that could pose as a threat to national security.

38 The identification of the BECs with the Left gave the military a pretext to harass the BECs. The identification of the BECs with the Left gave the military a pretext to harass the BECs. Many of the development projects such as cooperatives, communal farms & community based health projects were suppressed on the suspicion that these were being used to support the revolutionary movement. Many of the development projects such as cooperatives, communal farms & community based health projects were suppressed on the suspicion that these were being used to support the revolutionary movement. There were chapels that were closed and the people were forbidden to gather for prayer and bible-service. There were chapels that were closed and the people were forbidden to gather for prayer and bible-service. Leaders and members of BECs were arrested and some were killed. Those who died were regarded as BEC martyrs. Leaders and members of BECs were arrested and some were killed. Those who died were regarded as BEC martyrs.

39 The military harassment and the loss of support from some bishops and priests led to the weakening of many BECs. The military harassment and the loss of support from some bishops and priests led to the weakening of many BECs. Many of those that continued focused on liturgical activities and abandoned the developmental and militant activities to play safe. Many of those that continued focused on liturgical activities and abandoned the developmental and militant activities to play safe. Yet there were still BECs that continued to exercise their prophetic mission. Yet there were still BECs that continued to exercise their prophetic mission.

40 Development of BECs after EDSA After the collapse of the Marcos dictatorial regime, BECs continued to develop After the collapse of the Marcos dictatorial regime, BECs continued to develop Many remained liturgical-evangelical oriented Many remained liturgical-evangelical oriented Some BEC programs identified with the left folded up due to the split within the revolutionary movement and the drying up of funds (BCC-CO) Some BEC programs identified with the left folded up due to the split within the revolutionary movement and the drying up of funds (BCC-CO) But there were BECs that engaged in environmental issues (anti-logging, anti-dam, anti-mining) But there were BECs that engaged in environmental issues (anti-logging, anti-dam, anti-mining) Others got involved in peace-building, setting up the “Peace Zones.” Others got involved in peace-building, setting up the “Peace Zones.” Other BECs emphasized economic development & poverty alleviation programs Other BECs emphasized economic development & poverty alleviation programs

41 New impetus in building BECs after PCP II – diocesan approach New impetus in building BECs after PCP II – diocesan approach Building BECs as part of PCP II reception & implementation (renewing the church) Building BECs as part of PCP II reception & implementation (renewing the church) The BECs are now established in over 55 dioceses in the Philippines. BEC National Assembly in November 2002 The BECs are now established in over 55 dioceses in the Philippines. BEC National Assembly in November 2002 The CBCP has recently established a national BEC desk headed by Archbishop Quevedo that will help in promoting the formation of BECs all over country The CBCP has recently established a national BEC desk headed by Archbishop Quevedo that will help in promoting the formation of BECs all over country

42 II. DESCRIBING BECs BECs as generic term for small faith- communities emerging at the grassroots (BCCs, SCCs, GKKs, GSK, MSKs, KrisKa, Damayan & other local names)

43 Communities They are communities, not organizations, prayer groups, societies or associations. They are not specialized groups but stable environment. The members often live in close proximity and interact with each other regularly.

44 Basic Communities They are basic communities, because of their size, the quality of relationship among the members and their social location (base, grassroots)

45 Ecclesial They are referred to as ecclesial because they are considered as a way of being Church. They are referred to as ecclesial because they are considered as a way of being Church. They are the church at the microcosm, the church at the grassroots – in the neighborhood & the village.

46 Description: PCP II They are small communities of Christian, usually of families who gather around the Word of God & the Eucharist. These communities are united to their pastors but are ministered to regularly by lay leaders. The members know each other by name & share not only the Word of God & the Eucharist but also their concerns both material & spiritual They have a strong sense of belongingness & responsibility for one another (par 138)

47 Usually emerging from the grassroots among poor farmers & workers, BECs consciously strive to integrate their faith & their daily life. They are guided & encouraged by regular catechesis. Poverty & their faith urge their members towards solidarity with one another, action for justice & towards a vibrant celebration of life in the liturgy. (par 139)

48 Various Configurations of BECs Chapel-based local communities (rural areas, villages, barrios) members. They gather in their chapel. Chapel-based local communities (rural areas, villages, barrios) members. They gather in their chapel. Neighborhood cells/family groupings (urban areas) members, gather in their homes Neighborhood cells/family groupings (urban areas) members, gather in their homes Combination: chapel-based local communities with neighborhood cells (rural & urban areas). Combination: chapel-based local communities with neighborhood cells (rural & urban areas). Intentional communities (urban areas) members who do not live in close proximity. They gather in their homes, workplace, or institutions. Intentional communities (urban areas) members who do not live in close proximity. They gather in their homes, workplace, or institutions.

49 Kinds of BECs Evangelical/Liturgical BECs. The activities are limited to bible-sharing/faith-sharing, Celebration of the Word (bible-servic), sacramental & liturgical celebrations (esp. Eucharist). Lacking in social concern. Newly-developed or undeveloped BECs. Evangelical/Liturgical BECs. The activities are limited to bible-sharing/faith-sharing, Celebration of the Word (bible-servic), sacramental & liturgical celebrations (esp. Eucharist). Lacking in social concern. Newly-developed or undeveloped BECs. Holistic/Transformative BECs. BECs with social action component integrated with its evangelizing/worshipping activities. These are the fully developed BECs that work for progress, peace, justice & social transformation. (IGP, livelihood programs, peace zones, etc) Holistic/Transformative BECs. BECs with social action component integrated with its evangelizing/worshipping activities. These are the fully developed BECs that work for progress, peace, justice & social transformation. (IGP, livelihood programs, peace zones, etc)

50 The Early Shape of the BEC Core Group/ Nucleus

51 Later Development of BEC Core Group Cell

52 Structure of Developed BEC Council of Leaders Education Service Temporalities Worship Cell Youth

53 Parish Organizational Structure PP Parish Pastoral Council Parish Office Staff Parish Pastoral Workers EducationWorship Service Social Action Temporalities (Finance) Youth BEC Zone

54 Summing up BECs have sprouted all over the country BECs have sprouted all over the country There is parallel but uneven development of BECs – in some places they are already established & are part of the structure of the local church, while others are just starting. There are still many places where there are no BECs yet. There is parallel but uneven development of BECs – in some places they are already established & are part of the structure of the local church, while others are just starting. There are still many places where there are no BECs yet. The formation of BECs is part of the ongoing efforts to renew the Church since Vatican II. It is a new way of being Church. The formation of BECs is part of the ongoing efforts to renew the Church since Vatican II. It is a new way of being Church.

55 The BECs are signs of vitality in the Church … a cause of great hope for the Church, and a solid starting point for a new society based on a civilization of love. John Paul II Redemptoris Missio


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