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Tata Group and Affirmative Action for SC/ST communities.

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Presentation on theme: "Tata Group and Affirmative Action for SC/ST communities."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tata Group and Affirmative Action for SC/ST communities

2 Presentation sections Introduction Introduction Employment Employment Employability Employability Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship Education Education Conclusions Conclusions

3 Overview Group initiative nearly 3 years old though company CSR activities and trusts’ work predates this initiative Group initiative nearly 3 years old though company CSR activities and trusts’ work predates this initiative Tata Steel tribal welfare/Tata Coffee staffing Tata Steel tribal welfare/Tata Coffee staffing Trusts touch 3 million SC/ST population Trusts touch 3 million SC/ST population Data in this review refers to India-based operations of 56 Tata companies Data in this review refers to India-based operations of 56 Tata companies Incorporates almost all India operations Incorporates almost all India operations

4 Context Starting point: PM call at 2006 CII session for voluntary AA by Industry to ward off legislation Starting point: PM call at 2006 CII session for voluntary AA by Industry to ward off legislation Today: No visible threat of legislation in this Congress-led government but …… Today: No visible threat of legislation in this Congress-led government but …… Nationally, renewed focus on tribal well-being in context of land acquisition agitations and Maoist- led insurgency Nationally, renewed focus on tribal well-being in context of land acquisition agitations and Maoist- led insurgency Real reasons for AA remain: Inclusive growth and right thing to do Real reasons for AA remain: Inclusive growth and right thing to do Last 12 months have been tough for business Last 12 months have been tough for business

5 Three years of AA Of 56 Tata companies, 47 have active agendas on four Es Of 56 Tata companies, 47 have active agendas on four Es Slides following provide an overview of best practices among companies Slides following provide an overview of best practices among companies

6 EMPLOYMENT

7 Employment Employee data from 49 companies Employee data from 49 companies Mostly as of Sep Mostly as of Sep Total employees: 245,342 Total employees: 245,342 Total SC+ST employees: 20,714 (8.4%) Total SC+ST employees: 20,714 (8.4%) Did not declare: 50,517 (20.5%) Did not declare: 50,517 (20.5%) TCS 43,790 (45%), TTSL-M 1,165 (58%) TCS 43,790 (45%), TTSL-M 1,165 (58%) SC employees: 8,810 (3.6%) SC employees: 8,810 (3.6%) Steel 2,588, NDPL 675, IHCL 565, TBSS 522, Tata AutoComp+ 519, Chemicals 454*, Trent 390 Steel 2,588, NDPL 675, IHCL 565, TBSS 522, Tata AutoComp+ 519, Chemicals 454*, Trent 390 ST employees: 11,904 (4.8%) ST employees: 11,904 (4.8%) Coffee 7,444*, Steel 2,860, TACO+ 155, Ref. 148 Coffee 7,444*, Steel 2,860, TACO+ 155, Ref. 148

8 Employment GCC-sanctioned AA policy: Positive discrimination, merit being equal GCC-sanctioned AA policy: Positive discrimination, merit being equal Companies most engaged with AA have: Companies most engaged with AA have: Boosted numbers by embedding AA into strategy for growth Boosted numbers by embedding AA into strategy for growth Notably Trent and Tata Business Support Services Notably Trent and Tata Business Support Services Embedded spirit of positive discrimination into recruitment policies Embedded spirit of positive discrimination into recruitment policies Incentivized recruiters to boost SC/ST numbers Incentivized recruiters to boost SC/ST numbers Made voluntary quantified commitment to increase numbers at recruitment and even promotions Made voluntary quantified commitment to increase numbers at recruitment and even promotions

9 Employment: Notable examples Trent: Steady increase through its investment in training Trent: Steady increase through its investment in training 246 last February/487 this Sept 246 last February/487 this Sept Employing youth in large numbers from NGOs trained in retail trade by Trent Employing youth in large numbers from NGOs trained in retail trade by Trent Tata Chemicals: Employment for 84 SC/ST youth at Rural BPOs through Uday Foundation Tata Chemicals: Employment for 84 SC/ST youth at Rural BPOs through Uday Foundation Many more in training Many more in training

10 Employment Tata Business Support Services Increase from 374 in September 08 to 522 a year later through opening 6 BPOs in non-metros in partnership with: Increase from 374 in September 08 to 522 a year later through opening 6 BPOs in non-metros in partnership with: Tata Power – Khopoli Tata Power – Khopoli Tata Steel – Jamshedpur Tata Steel – Jamshedpur Tata Chemicals – Mithapur and Babrala Tata Chemicals – Mithapur and Babrala Also at Munnar with Kannan Devan and in Ethakota with Byraju Foundation Also at Munnar with Kannan Devan and in Ethakota with Byraju Foundation

11 Employment Tata Ryerson Induction after training with contractor: 15 taken last year, 15 in training Induction after training with contractor: 15 taken last year, 15 in training 5 ITI-pass candidates taken in for customized training for Pantnagar 5 ITI-pass candidates taken in for customized training for Pantnagar Providing 18 youth employment with contractors after training as ambulance drivers, first aid assistants Providing 18 youth employment with contractors after training as ambulance drivers, first aid assistants

12 Employment Tata Capital 5 of 28 GTs recruited (18%) are from the SC/ST communities 5 of 28 GTs recruited (18%) are from the SC/ST communities Offered placement consultants a preferential rate of 3% extra for placing SC/ST candidates Offered placement consultants a preferential rate of 3% extra for placing SC/ST candidates Employed over 10% employees from SC/ST communities for Housekeeping & Security Department Employed over 10% employees from SC/ST communities for Housekeeping & Security Department

13 Employment TTSL initiatives: Campus recruitment: 66 in last two years Recruitment at entry level Preference at COCO outlets Target 5%; Achievement as of November: 7.5% NDPL initiatives: NDPL initiatives: 5% relaxation for SC/ST candidates at recruitment 5% relaxation for SC/ST candidates at recruitment Preference for SC/ST candidates in departmental competitive examinations Preference for SC/ST candidates in departmental competitive examinations Total promotions in last 18 months 274; SC/ST 46 (17%) Total promotions in last 18 months 274; SC/ST 46 (17%)

14 Employment Tata Refractories: Selection criteria relaxed for SC/ST candidates in recruitment of fresh Graduate Engineers / Diploma Engineers / ITI pass etc. Selection criteria relaxed for SC/ST candidates in recruitment of fresh Graduate Engineers / Diploma Engineers / ITI pass etc. Relaxation in minimum marks and height requirement for eligibility for interview: but no relaxation in merit criteria for selection Relaxation in minimum marks and height requirement for eligibility for interview: but no relaxation in merit criteria for selection Of 11 SC/ST candidates recruited this year, 6 were beneficiaries of this relaxation Of 11 SC/ST candidates recruited this year, 6 were beneficiaries of this relaxation

15 Employment Tata Power: Steady accretion in officer ranks through trainees from campus recruitment: Tata Power: Steady accretion in officer ranks through trainees from campus recruitment: 08-09: 10/137; all absorbed 08-09: 10/137; all absorbed 09-10: 11/ : 11/144 Tata Motors: 30 trainees from Sakwar training school employed with dealers Tata Motors: 30 trainees from Sakwar training school employed with dealers Titan: Tie-up with CAP Foundation to train youth: first batch joined this year Titan: Tie-up with CAP Foundation to train youth: first batch joined this year

16 Employment TTML: Sharp jump in SC/ST candidates recruited: TTML: Sharp jump in SC/ST candidates recruited: : 19/287 – 6.6% : 19/287 – 6.6% April 09 – Sept 09: 17/82 – 21% April 09 – Sept 09: 17/82 – 21% Tinplate: 31 hires in ; 6 SC/ST Tinplate: 31 hires in ; 6 SC/ST 20% of all hires against SC/ST share of 8% 20% of all hires against SC/ST share of 8% TCE: 700 trainees from campuses for FY 10 of which 40 SC/ST TCE: 700 trainees from campuses for FY 10 of which 40 SC/ST Tata Sky: 23 candidates recruited either on rolls or in third party from ITIs Tata Sky: 23 candidates recruited either on rolls or in third party from ITIs

17 Employment Challenges More companies weaving AA into growth strategy More companies weaving AA into growth strategy Implementing spirit of positive discrimination Implementing spirit of positive discrimination Incentivizing recruitment Incentivizing recruitment Addressing asymmetry of information through website Addressing asymmetry of information through website

18 EMPLOYABILITY

19 Employability Partnering ITIs to make them Centres of Excellence (Illustrative list): Partnering ITIs to make them Centres of Excellence (Illustrative list): Tata Motors – Nine – 2 Pune, Jamshedpur, Lucknow, Karnataka, 2 Uttarakhand, (Already operational) Delhi & Gujarat (Under consideration) Tata Motors – Nine – 2 Pune, Jamshedpur, Lucknow, Karnataka, 2 Uttarakhand, (Already operational) Delhi & Gujarat (Under consideration) Tata International – Tonkhurd, MP, near Dewas Tata International – Tonkhurd, MP, near Dewas Tata Power -- Two, in Thane & Mulund Tata Power -- Two, in Thane & Mulund NDPL- Dr CV Raman ITI in Delhi NDPL- Dr CV Raman ITI in Delhi Tata Chemicals – Dwarka Tata Chemicals – Dwarka Indian Hotels – Three ongoing -- in Delhi, Sindhudurg & Hassan; three on the anvil Indian Hotels – Three ongoing -- in Delhi, Sindhudurg & Hassan; three on the anvil Tata Steel – Gopalpur and two others proposed Tata Steel – Gopalpur and two others proposed Tata Metaliks – Rangamati and Jhargram Tata Metaliks – Rangamati and Jhargram

20 Employability Tata Refractories Self Employment Skill Development Institute (SESDI) set up April 09 (Cost Rs. 1.6 Cr) for vocational training in in-demand trades like Masonry, Carpentry, Bar Bending, Plumbing, House Wiring & Motor Rewinding, Welding, TV & Electronics repairing, Mobile repairing etc. Self Employment Skill Development Institute (SESDI) set up April 09 (Cost Rs. 1.6 Cr) for vocational training in in-demand trades like Masonry, Carpentry, Bar Bending, Plumbing, House Wiring & Motor Rewinding, Welding, TV & Electronics repairing, Mobile repairing etc. Residential course – entirely free Residential course – entirely free 95 trained till date, 47 SC/ST 95 trained till date, 47 SC/ST

21 Employability Tata Steel: Tata Steel: 6-month course for entry into trade apprentice schemes in various companies 6-month course for entry into trade apprentice schemes in various companies 260 trained since 2001, 103 placed in Steel, Motors etc 260 trained since 2001, 103 placed in Steel, Motors etc 6-month scheme for coaching for competitive exams 6-month scheme for coaching for competitive exams 42 trained in two batches; 5 Govt jobs, 5 contractual 42 trained in two batches; 5 Govt jobs, 5 contractual 1 year course for community health providers 1 year course for community health providers 212 women trained since 2004; 50 employed 212 women trained since 2004; 50 employed 10 best CHP trainees trained for one year more to become Operation Theatre assistants 10 best CHP trainees trained for one year more to become Operation Theatre assistants

22 Employability Tata Steel: Tata Steel: Nurses training at XITE to prepare for admission into nursing Nurses training at XITE to prepare for admission into nursing Started 08; 24 coached, 20 selected Started 08; 24 coached, 20 selected Vocational training in six trades Vocational training in six trades Started 2001; 325 trained Started 2001; 325 trained Vocational training in 4 trades at Greenfield project sites in Kalinganagar Vocational training in 4 trades at Greenfield project sites in Kalinganagar Also at Chhatisgarh and Manoharpur Also at Chhatisgarh and Manoharpur

23 Employability JUSCO: Training school drop-outs in association with CAP Foundation for careers in five trades: IT-enabled services, Hospitality Management, Customer Relations and Sales, Automobile Maintenance and White Goods Services JUSCO: Training school drop-outs in association with CAP Foundation for careers in five trades: IT-enabled services, Hospitality Management, Customer Relations and Sales, Automobile Maintenance and White Goods Services Total trainees 823; SC/ST 221 (26%) Total trainees 823; SC/ST 221 (26%) Eight batches completed till date Eight batches completed till date

24 Employability Tinplate vocational training initiatives: 11 students in CNC at RD Tata Institute 11 students in CNC at RD Tata Institute 16 students in plumbing at Sarojini Technical Institute 16 students in plumbing at Sarojini Technical Institute One year training for 181 ITI candidates One year training for 181 ITI candidates Midwifery training for tribal women Midwifery training for tribal women Training for tribal women at Salboni Village Training for tribal women at Salboni Village

25 Employability Tata Sponge Training for Fitter, Welder, Mechanical & wiremen trade for 7 SC/ST students Training for Fitter, Welder, Mechanical & wiremen trade for 7 SC/ST students 6-month tailoring classes 6-month tailoring classes Sponsorship for two-year course in Electrician trade for 4 ST students at three nearby ITIs Sponsorship for two-year course in Electrician trade for 4 ST students at three nearby ITIs

26 Employability Trent: Trent: One-year diploma customized course in retail management for graduates at Mumbai University (Garware Institute) One-year diploma customized course in retail management for graduates at Mumbai University (Garware Institute) Ist batch; 67/18 SC-ST, all employed Ist batch; 67/18 SC-ST, all employed 2 nd batch; 60/ 10 SC-ST, all employed 2 nd batch; 60/ 10 SC-ST, all employed 3 rd batch: 25/7 SC-ST 3 rd batch: 25/7 SC-ST Pact with 6 major NGOs --Don Bosco, Kherwadi Social Welfare Association, Dr. Reddy’s, Yuva Pratisthan, Aarambh and Kotak Labs -- to train 200 underprivileged youth in Retail Operations Pact with 6 major NGOs --Don Bosco, Kherwadi Social Welfare Association, Dr. Reddy’s Foundation, Yuva Pratisthan, Aarambh and Kotak Labs -- to train 200 underprivileged youth in Retail Operations

27 Employability Tata Chemicals Tata Chemicals: Babrala unit recognised as ‘training provider’ by DGET; has trained 236 youth in 5 trades Training 550 SC/ST youth to man rural BPO expansion in Mithapur & Babrala Training 550 SC/ST youth to man rural BPO expansion in Mithapur & Babrala Tata Projects: Training to create welders and fitters: 261 trained in last three years Skill training in IT- related fields for 105 SC/ST youth Tata Communications: Skill training in IT- related fields for 105 SC/ST youth

28 Employability Telcon: Coaching classes for competitive exams Telcon: Coaching classes for competitive exams 85 trained in three batches since trained in three batches since 2007 Also: Setting up 3 training schools for operators and mechanics at units Also: Setting up 3 training schools for operators and mechanics at units 50% reservation for SC/ST candidates 50% reservation for SC/ST candidates Tata Motors: Mechanic Motor Vehicle Trade Course at Sakwar, Thane Tata Motors: Mechanic Motor Vehicle Trade Course at Sakwar, Thane Batch of around 15 each year Batch of around 15 each year Tata International: Over 200 SC/ST trade apprentices in last two years Tata International: Over 200 SC/ST trade apprentices in last two years

29 Employability TCS: 57 trained in three batches in Skill Development Programme in partnership with CII in Kolkata TCS: 57 trained in three batches in Skill Development Programme in partnership with CII in Kolkata Indian Hotels: Taj-Pratham tie-up for Hotel Operations Training Center set up in Khultabad, near Aurangabad (SC/ST pop. 35%) Indian Hotels: Taj-Pratham tie-up for Hotel Operations Training Center set up in Khultabad, near Aurangabad (SC/ST pop. 35%) 160 youth to be trained per year, currently 40 youth in training 160 youth to be trained per year, currently 40 youth in training One batch of 20 students has passed out and is placed in various western region Taj hotels One batch of 20 students has passed out and is placed in various western region Taj hotels Rallis: Training youth to join rural BPOs Rallis: Training youth to join rural BPOs

30 Employability Advinus, has started a Finishing School for life sciences graduates. 25 students (5 SC) being trained for 6 months. Advinus: To address quality gap, has started a Finishing School for life sciences graduates. 25 students (5 SC) being trained for 6 months. Mjunction: Ejunction – to spread computer and internet literacy Mjunction: Ejunction – to spread computer and internet literacy 13 batches since March batches since March trained, including 81 SC/ST youth 580 trained, including 81 SC/ST youth 14% SC/ST against target of 25% 14% SC/ST against target of 25%

31 Employability Challenges Increase SC/ST numbers within vocational training programmes Increase SC/ST numbers within vocational training programmes Scale up – numbers and trades Scale up – numbers and trades Synergise company initiatives Synergise company initiatives Aggregate numbers and spend Aggregate numbers and spend Monitor and improve placement Monitor and improve placement

32 ENTREPRENEURSHIP

33 Entrepreneurship: Notable examples NDPL : NDPL : Sustained effort to develop vendors from Dalit Vyapar Association Sustained effort to develop vendors from Dalit Vyapar Association 4 vendors included in vendors’ list 4 vendors included in vendors’ list Of 4, one showed interest and met basic requirements and has been given order Of 4, one showed interest and met basic requirements and has been given order Training neighbourhood electricians Training neighbourhood electricians 34 trained over two years 34 trained over two years

34 Entrepreneurship Tata Communications: 183 trained in entrepreneurship in partnership with EDI, Ahmedabad Tata Communications: 183 trained in entrepreneurship in partnership with EDI, Ahmedabad Batches of 30 each in courses held in Mumbai, Pune, Ahmedabad, Nashik, Surat & Lonavla Batches of 30 each in courses held in Mumbai, Pune, Ahmedabad, Nashik, Surat & Lonavla Of 161 candidates who have completed training, 58 have already started their own ventures Of 161 candidates who have completed training, 58 have already started their own ventures Among candidates in first three modules, ~60% are already entrepreneurs Among candidates in first three modules, ~60% are already entrepreneurs

35 Entrepreneurship Tata Chemicals 224 SC candidates trained in year-long training in Rural Entrepreneurship Development Programme on trades like creating leather and Rexene bags, making soft toys, paper items and lamination 224 SC candidates trained in year-long training in Rural Entrepreneurship Development Programme on trades like creating leather and Rexene bags, making soft toys, paper items and lamination 100 trained in making Rexene bags; 50 created cluster fund from stipend to create TCSRD-REDP’s first business enterprise named “Dr.Bhimrao Ambedkar Cluster” and got its first order for 1700 school bags 100 trained in making Rexene bags; 50 created cluster fund from stipend to create TCSRD-REDP’s first business enterprise named “Dr.Bhimrao Ambedkar Cluster” and got its first order for 1700 school bags

36 Entrepreneurship Tata Sponge 2 SC/ST entrepreneurs nurtured through contracts since April 07 2 SC/ST entrepreneurs nurtured through contracts since April 07 Both partnerships – one with 4 ST members and other with 2 SC members Both partnerships – one with 4 ST members and other with 2 SC members Now getting orders from other industrial units Now getting orders from other industrial units 1 more entrepreneur being developed 1 more entrepreneur being developed SHG for farming with power tiller SHG for farming with power tiller SHG for supplying notebooks SHG for supplying notebooks Training for income-generating schemes in pisciculture, soap-making etc Training for income-generating schemes in pisciculture, soap-making etc

37 Entrepreneurship TTSL: Objective: 200 SC/ST PCO owners per year, starting 2008 TTSL: Objective: 200 SC/ST PCO owners per year, starting 2008 Status: 317 given in ; 83 in till now Status: 317 given in ; 83 in till now Tata International: Support for 120 women SHGs for training on SOW (Stitch on Wood)/Leather Articles and Leather Footwear Components to make them self employed Tata International: Support for 120 women SHGs for training on SOW (Stitch on Wood)/Leather Articles and Leather Footwear Components to make them self employed TTML: 18 youth provided with PCO booths TTML: 18 youth provided with PCO booths Voltas: 7 SC/ST youth trained as entrepreneurs in house-keeping/gardening Voltas: 7 SC/ST youth trained as entrepreneurs in house-keeping/gardening

38 Entrepreneurship Tinplate: Two ex-employees made into vendors; Trust set up to create ST makers of brick from fly ash Tinplate: Two ex-employees made into vendors; Trust set up to create ST makers of brick from fly ash Tata Power: Contracts to ST contractors in Maithon Tata Power: Contracts to ST contractors in Maithon Tata Ryerson: Two SC/ST candidates engaged as suppliers for packaging and other miscellaneous jobs Tata Ryerson: Two SC/ST candidates engaged as suppliers for packaging and other miscellaneous jobs

39 EDUCATION

40 Education: FAEA scholarships 150 scholarships from 32 Group companies for college-level scholarships administered by Foundation for Academic Access and Excellence (FAEA) 150 scholarships from 32 Group companies for college-level scholarships administered by Foundation for Academic Access and Excellence (FAEA) 10 each: TTSL, NDPL, TACO+, Tata Tea 10 each: TTSL, NDPL, TACO+, Tata Tea 5 each: Tata Power, TCS, Tata Sky, Tata Projects and TAL 5 each: Tata Power, TCS, Tata Sky, Tata Projects and TAL Started with 100 last year; increased to 150 this year when corpus was found in surplus Started with 100 last year; increased to 150 this year when corpus was found in surplus

41 Education 34 companies have 2,000+ scholarships for SC/ST students at school/college level 34 companies have 2,000+ scholarships for SC/ST students at school/college level Tata Steel: Scholarships for ~600 SC/ST students in 4 categories Tata Steel: Scholarships for ~600 SC/ST students in 4 categoriesAlso 100% scholarship for SC/ST employees’ children studying in in IIT 100% scholarship for SC/ST employees’ children studying in in IIT Trainees in Archery and other sports Trainees in Archery and other sports Tata Motors: 150+ scholarships Tata Motors: 150+ scholarships Most in new scheme, Vidyadhanam, in Pune Most in new scheme, Vidyadhanam, in Pune

42 Education NDPL initiatives NDPL initiatives Scholarships of Rs 25,000 p.a. for students of Delhi College of Engineering Scholarships of Rs 25,000 p.a. for students of Delhi College of Engineering Scholarships for Rs 2,600 p.a. for students at four ITIs Scholarships for Rs 2,600 p.a. for students at four ITIs Supporting 150+ SC/ST students in government schools with books, career counselling etc Supporting 150+ SC/ST students in government schools with books, career counselling etc Of batch nobody failed; 30% got >70 % Of batch nobody failed; 30% got >70 %

43 Education Tata Chemicals: 100 scholarships for SC girls from villages around Mithapur for courses in SNDT University, Mumbai Tata Chemicals: 100 scholarships for SC girls from villages around Mithapur for courses in SNDT University, Mumbai TTSL: Several initiatives including: TTSL: Several initiatives including: 6 scholarships of Rs 75,000 per annum for students at Symbiosis Institute of Telecom Management 6 scholarships of Rs 75,000 per annum for students at Symbiosis Institute of Telecom Management 1 scholarship of Rs 25,000 pa for student at National Law College, Bhopal 1 scholarship of Rs 25,000 pa for student at National Law College, Bhopal

44 Education Tata Sponge: Several initiatives including: Tata Sponge: Several initiatives including: Sponsorship of fees for teachers taking special classes for SC/ST students Sponsorship of fees for teachers taking special classes for SC/ST students Support for students studying engineering, computer science Support for students studying engineering, computer science TTSL (M): 8 scholarships worth Rs.10,000 per SC/ST student of B.E. (Electronics & Telecommunication) course TTSL (M): 8 scholarships worth Rs.10,000 per SC/ST student of B.E. (Electronics & Telecommunication) course

45 Conclusion: Way ahead Greater need for appreciating why AA needs to be done in companies’ own long- term interest of sustained (inclusive) growth Greater need for appreciating why AA needs to be done in companies’ own long- term interest of sustained (inclusive) growth Alternative: Legislation for reservations in private sector Alternative: Legislation for reservations in private sector More CEOs need to take leadership role; more HR departments to “own” AA More CEOs need to take leadership role; more HR departments to “own” AA

46 Conclusion: Way ahead Incorporation into company strategies Incorporation into company strategies Alignment/incorporation into TBEM Alignment/incorporation into TBEM Evolve system of recognition for companies demonstrating leadership Evolve system of recognition for companies demonstrating leadership Greater traction by companies in translating the GCC’s AA Policy into actual practices in recruitment and in appointing vendors/suppliers Greater traction by companies in translating the GCC’s AA Policy into actual practices in recruitment and in appointing vendors/suppliers

47 Conclusion: Way ahead Leverage Chairman’s views on voluntary commitment to sourcing certain percentage of products and services from SC/ST-owned companies, on lines of US AA practices Leverage Chairman’s views on voluntary commitment to sourcing certain percentage of products and services from SC/ST-owned companies, on lines of US AA practices Overall: Robust start within Group but long way to go Overall: Robust start within Group but long way to go


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