Presentation on theme: "Addressing Skills Mismatch: LMI, Local Employment Planning"— Presentation transcript:
1Addressing Skills Mismatch: LMI, Local Employment Planning and Career GuidanceAtty. Jalilo O. Dela Torre, OIC, Bureau of Local Employment
2In a labor-surplus economy, we’re now experiencing an unbelievable phenomenon of jobs looking for workers.Out of 100 workers applying for call center jobs, only 5 are hired: they need 600,000 more until 2010, according to BPAP100,000 welders needed locally.Commercial airline pilots and aviation technicians have flown away and are now considered critical skills.Mining, geodetic and metallurgical engineers now needed by the mining industry but none can be extracted from the earth.Did you know we don’t have enough waiters and bartenders? And you thought waitering was easy!
4Key Employment Generators Demand/Supply Situation Jobs Creation Capacity ( )In Demand SkillsHard to Fill OccupationI. Cyberservices1,383,892Entry-level Animators, HR Analysts, Financial Accountants, Call Center Agents, Engineers, Editors, Programmers,Engineers, Accountants, Animators, Programmers, Contact Center Agents, Medical Transcriptionists, EditorsII. Mining39,382Skilled Engineers, Miner, Surveyor, Geodetic Engineer, MetallurgistGeologists, Mining Engineers, Metallurgical Engineers, Geodetic EngineerIII. Aviation27,581Pilot, Mechanic, Air Traffic ControllerPilot, MechanicIV. Agribusiness2,043,755Inland and Coastal Fishermen, Oyster/Mussel Farm Cultivator, Vegetable Farmer, Fruit Tree FarmerEntrepreneurs, Aquaculturist, Horticulturist
5Key Employment Generator (2006-2010) Jobs Creation Capacity ( )In Demand SkillsHard to Fill OccupationV. Health and Social Work (Health Services/Medical Tourism)382,495Trained Nurse, Dentist, Nursing Aide, Health Aide, Massage TherapistTrained Nurse, Surgeon, Spa Therapists, Herbologist, Cosmetic and Reconstructive SurgeonVI. Hotel and Restaurant400,280Front Office Agent/Attendant, Cook, Food Server and Handler, Food and Beverages Attendant, Other Housekeeping Services, Waiter, BartenderChefs, Front Office Agent/Attendant, Cook, Food Server and Handler, Food and Beverages Attendant, Other Housekeeping Services, Waiter, BartenderVII. Overseas Employment5.6 mSeabased, Production, Professional and Technical, Administrative and Managerial, Clerical, Sales, Service, AgriculturalAluminum FabricatorAuto Mechanic, Pipe WelderPipe Fitter, Carpenter, Marine Deck Officer, Marine Engineer OfficerVIII. Shipbuilding & MaritimeMarine Officer, Seafarer, Culinary Chef, All occupations under shipbuilding, Welder, Fabricators, Pipe Fitter, Marine ElectricianIX. ConstructionArchitect, Engineer,Welder, HEO, Insulator, Rigger, Fabricator, Pipe Fitter
7We believe the culprit is skills mismatch. Skills mismatch – refers to a condition whereby the skills and education of the existing workforce do not match the needs of existing firms and industries. This largely reflects the fact that a country’s policies, primarily labor and education, have not adjusted to the needs of its economic sectors.
8This phenomenon is not just happening in the Philippines.
9Reasons for unemployability of college graduates the lack of English language competencies,poor interactive skills,poor choice of degree courses,poor quality degree courses ormore blatantly, just too many students who barely passed their degree examinations.Reaction by a reader in a blog to a plan of the Malaysian government to enroll college undergraduates in skills training to improve their employability.
10A substantial portion of the registered 66,000 unemployed graduates are from some of the most popular courses.Business administration, computer and information technology, and engineering are the most sought-after courses by many school leavers. This has resulted in a high number of unemployment among graduates from these disciplines – 19,900 business administration graduates, 9,500 from computer and information technology, and 7,500 engineering graduates.The Malay Mail, April 11, 2005
11Running third is engineering, with 45,444 expected graduates for the year. Compared with the figures in 1995, when its graduates stood at 46,090, the number dropped by 1.4 percent.Engineering graduates will have the toughest time in getting the jobs that they spent time learning in the colleges they came from.“We produce mostly white-collar engineers. They never get their hands on. Worse, they are not qualified to be engineers in its strict sense,”Donald Dee, President, Employers Confederation of the Philippines
12The bottomline is, students should pick courses based on their capabilities and not based on what's apparently "in-demand" out there (e.g., IT courses). If you are not cut out for IT or Engineering, putting yourselves through the courses is not going to make you more employable in the IT or Engineering markets.
13“Jobs skills mismatch is a major challenge right now “Jobs skills mismatch is a major challenge right now. A large number of trained graduates are left unemployed or underemployed because they do not fit the requirements of the job market. It’s quite ironic that a number of job vacancies could not be filled up because the available manpower supply would not fit the job.”Secretary of Education Jeslie Lapus
15Percentage of Graduates Employed in Jobs Requiring Preparation in Field Field of Study1995 Graduates (%)1991 Graduates (%)Agriculture25.835.7Architecture42.479.6Commerce & Business63.986.8Computer Science38.575.5Dentistry65.789.2Economics17.331.0Engineering59.966.3Fisheries21.166.7Humanities19.754.6Language18.660.9Law39.462.3Marine Engineering42.956.8Mass Communications26.358.3Mathematics22.958.6Medical Technology37.863.4Medicine57.587.4Nautical Science48.4Nursing41.084.5Physical Science20.3Social Science29.343.0Teacher Education41.977.4Veterinary Medicine43.5
18National Career Assessment Examination (NCAE)-administered by DepEd to determine the areas of improvement in the basic educational system that could address the job mismatch in the country.1,305,211 – took the test on Jan 17, 200749,066 or 3.76% showed high aptitude for college admission(75% and above in General Scholastic Aptitude)757,356 or 58.03% demonstrated high levels of entrepreneurial skills711,526 or 54.51% demonstrated high levels of vocational skills
19Why college education is still preferred by most College education qualifies them for white-collar employment which usually offers a number of advantages—more comfortable and safer workplaces, more regular and stable terms of employment, and social security protection.College education improves their lifestyle, if not their social standing.CHED 1995 TASK FORCE
21Reasons why public secondary schools don’t benefit from career guidance and counseling: Guidance counselors have little time for guidance and counseling;High ratio of students to each guidance counselorLack of training of guidance counselor in career guidance and counseling and in testing and measurement;Lack of career and labor market information;Inadequate budget for career guidanceLack of qualified staff to use tests for career guidance and counseling
24Labor Market Information For career guidance and advocacyFor human resource development planningFor jobs skills matchingFor curriculum developmentFor investments promotion
25Elements of Local Employment Planning Local economic and labor market analysisIdentification of growth economic sectorsDeveloping a human resources development plan for the identified growth sectorsInitiating a multi-stakeholder dialogue to formulate the local employment plan and invest ownershipDeveloping employability of constituents through skills mappingDeveloping entrepreneurship capabilities of constituentsBuilding capacity of local institutions for employment facilitation, jobs creation and livelihood promotion
26Career Information, Guidance and Advocacy Focused on public high schools with no career guidance and counseling servicesAimed at paradigm shift in career choice decision makingInterdisciplinary in approachMulti-year scalar implementationDriven by NMS and NHRC recommendations
303(C)+1 in Active Labor Market Policies International organizationsGovernment3(C)+1 inPublic Employment ServiceComplementation+Collaboration+ConvergenceActive Labor Market PoliciesIndustryAcademeFramework of Engagement in Local Employment
31Urgent Tasks for Collaboration among DOLE,PESOPHIL and private industry: Career Advocacy Program – Career Information, Guidance and Counseling Training InterventionsBroadening Access to Labor Market Information to the Youth;Addressing Human Resource Challenges of Priority Growth Economic Sectors, especially BPOAddressing Skills Mismatch through Industry-Academe-Government Collaboration for Curricular ReformExtending Corporate Social Responsibility of BPO into the Addressing Vulnerabilities of Disadvantaged Sectors