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Overall functions for the female reproductive tract: Control activity of organs (hormonal) * Transport sperm * Produce oocyte * Facilitate fertilization.

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Presentation on theme: "Overall functions for the female reproductive tract: Control activity of organs (hormonal) * Transport sperm * Produce oocyte * Facilitate fertilization."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Overall functions for the female reproductive tract: Control activity of organs (hormonal) * Transport sperm * Produce oocyte * Facilitate fertilization * Provide environment for embryo and fetus * Give birth to fetus * Recycle to become pregnant again * Provide Nutrients to young

3 PHYSIOLOGY 0F FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE OVARIUM 2 MAIN FUNCTION : 1.REPRODUCTIVE => OVUM CELL 2.ENDOKRINE => ESTROGEN, PROGESTERON, INHIBIN, RELAKSIN 2 MAIN COMPONENT 1.FOLICLE : PRIMER,SECUNDER,TERSIER,DE GRAAF 2.CORPUS LUTEUM LAYERS OF OVUM CELL 1.MEMBRANA VITELIN 2.ZONA PELUSIDA 3.COMULUS OOPHORUS

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12 ATRESIA FOLICLE : TERSIER FOLICLE IS NOT SUCCESS TO BREAK ON OVULATION CORPUS RUBRUM / CORPUS HAEMORHAGICUM : RISE AS SOON AS AFTER OVULATION, CONTENT OF BLOOD & LIQUID OF LIMPHE CORPUS LUTEUM : 3 KIND 1.CL PERIODICUM / SPURIUM 2.CL GRAVIDITATUM / VERUM 3.CL PERSISTEN THE BIGEST MEASUREMENT OF CL IN COWS ON 7 DAYS AFTER OVULATION CL REGRETED IN COWS NON GRAVID BEGINING ON DAYS AFTER ESTROUS

13 TUBA FALLOPII / OVIDUCT/ SALPHINK FUNCTION 1.SPERM KAPASITATION 2.FERTILISATION 3.DIFFUSION OF EMBRYO 4.SPERM TRANSPORTATION 5.OVUM TRANSPORTATION 6.UTJ : PLACEMENT SELECTION 7.LIQUID SECRETION AS MEDIUM FOR FERTILISATION & GROWING OF EMBRYO LIQUID VOLUME CAN BE HIGH ON FOLICULER PHASE & TURN ON LUTEAL PHASE

14 Oviductal functions: Transport sperm to site of fertilization Reduce sperm numbers to prevent polyspermy Remove oocyte from surface of ovary Transport oocyte to site of fertilization Provide proper environment for oocyte, sperm & fertilization Transport & facilitate development of early embryo

15 Functions of uterus: Transport sperm - when female is in heat Muscle contractions Sperm motility Absorption and phagocytosis Partially prepares sperm for fertilization Provides environment for embryo Supports development of fetus At birth expels fetus Recovers from pregnancy Makes the corpus luteum regress

16 UTERYN & SERVIC FUNCTION UTERUS 1.PRODUCTED UTERYN LIQUID ON ESTROUS 2.SPERM CAPASITATION 3.CONTRACTION 4.SPERM TRANSPORTATION 5.PRODUCTED UTERYN MILK AFTER OVULATION SERVIC 1.COVERED UTERYN LUMEN 2.PRODUCTED SERVIC LIQUID, WITH FUNCTION: GIVEN SPERM ROAD SPERM SELECTION ON GRAVID : MUKOUS LIQUID

17 Functions of the Cervix: Transport sperm Long strands of mucus Stallion & Boar ejaculate through the cervix Barrier to sperm Reservior for sperm Blocking bacterial invasion during pregnancy Birth Canal

18 VAGINA & EKSTERNAL GENITAL VAGINA -TO CONSIST OF LONGITUDINAL DAN SIRKULER MUSCLE -BETINA NORMAL NON GRAVID : VAGINA EPITEL CHANGE PERIODIKLY UNDER REGULATED HORMONE FOR OVARIUM -THERE ISN’T GLAND EKSTERNAL GENITAL TO CONSIST OF VESTIBULUM & VULVA VULVA : LABIA MAJORA ET MINORA, COMMISURA DORSALIS ET VENTRALIS DAN CLITORIS

19 Functions of Vagina: Copulatory organ Birth Canal Functions of Vestibule:  Common duct for urine & reproduction Vestibular glands may contribute to lubrication during estrus Functions of Clitoris:  May control a response to copulation in female

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21 HIPOTHALAMUS HIPOFISIS ANTERIOR OVARIUM Fol de Graf INHIBIN FSHLH C.R GnRH Fol Tersier C.L PGF2  P4 ↓ P4 ↗ ✚+ +

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