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Resources for Veterans Facing Criminal Charges Timothy Young Ohio Public Defender OACDL Annual Superstar Seminar October 15, 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Resources for Veterans Facing Criminal Charges Timothy Young Ohio Public Defender OACDL Annual Superstar Seminar October 15, 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Resources for Veterans Facing Criminal Charges Timothy Young Ohio Public Defender OACDL Annual Superstar Seminar October 15, 2010

2 Resources Treatment beds Treatment beds Emergency cash Emergency cash Help for homeless Help for homeless Experts Experts Employment Employment Special dockets Special dockets Explanation Explanation Mitigation Mitigation Understanding Understanding

3 What’s a vet? Ask every client: “Have you served in the military?” Don’t ask: “Are you a vet?” Ask juveniles if a parent is serving

4 Less than honorable discharge Honorable Discharge not always needed Honorable Discharge not always needed General Discharge General Discharge Might be upgraded Might be upgraded Still eligible Still eligible Dishonorable Dishonorable Might be upgraded Might be upgraded Not in time to help with case Not in time to help with case

5 Trauma-related offenses Impulse control Theft Bar fights Domestic violence Suicidal/homicidal acts Negligence, inattention

6 In DUI cases, look for Erratic driving (you don’t drive straight in Iraq) Erratic driving (you don’t drive straight in Iraq) Drug and alcohol addiction Drug and alcohol addiction Public intoxication Public intoxication Self-medication for service-related problems Self-medication for service-related problems

7 Service-related injuries Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Self-medication with alcohol or other drugs Self-medication with alcohol or other drugs Addiction to pain medications may start during injury Addiction to pain medications may start during injury

8 Diagnosing PTSD and TBI “The diagnosis of TBI, associated post-concussive symptoms and other comorbidities such as PTSD, presents unique challenges for diagnosticians. No screening instruments available can reliably make the diagnosis; the gold standard remains an interview by a skilled clinician. The current VA screening tool is intended to initiate the evaluation process, not to definitively make a diagnosis.” Source: injury-ptsd.asp injury-ptsd.asphttp://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/pages/traumatic-brain- injury-ptsd.asp

9 Diagnosing PTSD and TBI Bottom line: They often get it wrong, but they are getting better Bottom line: They often get it wrong, but they are getting better The VA recognizes past diagnostic errors The VA recognizes past diagnostic errors PTSD and TBI are frequently mixed up, and treatment for one does not work for the other PTSD and TBI are frequently mixed up, and treatment for one does not work for the other

10 Common Symptoms of TBI Headaches Headaches Dizziness Dizziness Cognitive impairment Cognitive impairment Fatigue Fatigue Irritability Irritability Vision changes Vision changes Balance problems Balance problems Mood changes Mood changes Sleep difficulty Sleep difficulty

11 Signs of PTSD Re-living: Feels the same horror and fear that was felt when the event took place; nightmares, flashbacks; sights or sounds that trigger re-living the event Re-living: Feels the same horror and fear that was felt when the event took place; nightmares, flashbacks; sights or sounds that trigger re-living the event Avoidance: Avoiding situations or people that trigger memories of the traumatic event; avoid thinking or talking about the event Avoidance: Avoiding situations or people that trigger memories of the traumatic event; avoid thinking or talking about the event Numbing: Difficulty expressing feelings; does not feel positive or loving feelings toward others; avoids personal relationships; uninterested in activities that previously brought feelings of joy Numbing: Difficulty expressing feelings; does not feel positive or loving feelings toward others; avoids personal relationships; uninterested in activities that previously brought feelings of joy Hyperarousal: Jittery; constantly on high alert for danger; sudden mood swings; difficulty sleeping; trouble concentrating; always on guard; fearful; very easily startled Hyperarousal: Jittery; constantly on high alert for danger; sudden mood swings; difficulty sleeping; trouble concentrating; always on guard; fearful; very easily startled

12 TBI Treatment Occupational therapy is intended to enhance a person's ability to do activities of daily living, job-related tasks, improve fine motor coordination and maximize participation in leisure activities Occupational therapy is intended to enhance a person's ability to do activities of daily living, job-related tasks, improve fine motor coordination and maximize participation in leisure activities Physical therapy involves exercising and moving the body to preserve, enhance or restore movement and impaired function utilizing therapeutic exercise, assistive devices and individual education and training Physical therapy involves exercising and moving the body to preserve, enhance or restore movement and impaired function utilizing therapeutic exercise, assistive devices and individual education and training Speech and Cognitive therapies work with individuals with TBI who may have problems with attention and concentration, learning, problem solving, memory, and speech. The goals are to retrain the brain. Speech and Cognitive therapies work with individuals with TBI who may have problems with attention and concentration, learning, problem solving, memory, and speech. The goals are to retrain the brain. Other specialized therapies such as Vestibular (balance) therapy, Art therapy, Therapeutic Recreation, and Driver Rehabilitation. Other specialized therapies such as Vestibular (balance) therapy, Art therapy, Therapeutic Recreation, and Driver Rehabilitation.

13 Wrong treatment is no treatment If your client has not responded to treatment for PTSD or TBI, consider asking for evaluation of the other Watch oral argument in Butler County Bar Assoc. v. Minamyer, Case No

14 Veterans Justice Outreach Specialists At each VA At each VA Their job is to help veterans in the criminal justice system, especially for misdemeanors, especially veterans and other specialty dockets Their job is to help veterans in the criminal justice system, especially for misdemeanors, especially veterans and other specialty dockets MELESS/VJO_Contact s.asp MELESS/VJO_Contact s.asp MELESS/VJO_Contact s.asp MELESS/VJO_Contact s.asp

15 Ohio VJO Contacts Chillicothe: Chillicothe VA Medical Center, Sherri Carsey Chillicothe: Chillicothe VA Medical Center, Sherri Carsey Cincinnati: Cincinnati VA Medical Center, Sally Hammitt Cincinnati: Cincinnati VA Medical Center, Sally Hammitt Cleveland: Louis Stokes VA Medical Center, Toni Johnson Cleveland: Louis Stokes VA Medical Center, Toni Johnson Columbus: Chalmers P. Wylie Ambulatory Care Center, Mary Gillette Columbus: Chalmers P. Wylie Ambulatory Care Center, Mary Gillette Dayton: Dayton VA Medical Center, Robert Fryman Dayton: Dayton VA Medical Center, Robert Fryman Ann Arbor: VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Melody Powers Ann Arbor: VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Melody Powers PowersMelody Powers

16 VJO’s: mainly for misdemeanors Limited help for felonies Limited help for felonies Can link to services Can link to services No expert witnesses No expert witnesses No forensic evaluation No forensic evaluation Possible VA evaluation Possible VA evaluation YOU need to push YOU need to push

17 County veterans service offices Some better than others Some better than others Services Services Emergency cash for mortgage, rent, utilities for vets and dependents Emergency cash for mortgage, rent, utilities for vets and dependents Transportation to VA hospitals Transportation to VA hospitals Links to people who can provide other services Links to people who can provide other services

18 Veterans in DRC Clients going to prison need to cut off their benefits The VA will find out and will get its money back Some clients don’t disclose because they don’t want DRC to know of their training

19 Veterans in DRC Veteran status opens up reentry options DRC has a person dedicated to helping veterans in prison: Brian Byorth, (614) Help in finding jobs, training, treatment

20 You can call us, too


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