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Economia del turismo Corso avanzato Sustainable Tourism 2 Corso di laurea magistrale "Analisi e gestione delle attività turistiche e delle risorse" Roma,

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Presentation on theme: "Economia del turismo Corso avanzato Sustainable Tourism 2 Corso di laurea magistrale "Analisi e gestione delle attività turistiche e delle risorse" Roma,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Economia del turismo Corso avanzato Sustainable Tourism 2 Corso di laurea magistrale "Analisi e gestione delle attività turistiche e delle risorse" Roma, 19 maggio 2014 Claudio Cecchi – Dipartimento di Economia e Diritto

2 Sustainable Development Indicators Chapter 40 of Agenda 21, the action plan adopted in 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, calls on countries, as well as international, governmental and non-governmental organizations, to develop indicators of sustainable development that can provide a solid basis for decision-making at all levels. … The newly [in 2007] revised Commission on Sustainable Development ( CSD ) indicators contain a core set of 50 indicators … Core indicators fulfill three criteria. First, they cover issues that are relevant for sustainable development in most countries. Second, they provide critical information not available from other core indicators. Third, they can be calculated by most countries with data that is either readily available or could be made available within reasonable time and costs. United Nations (2007) Indicators of Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies. Third Edition. New York: The United Nations publication pp

3 CSD indicator themes PovertyNatural hazardsEconomic development GovernanceAtmosphere HealthLandGlobal economic partnership EducationOceans, seas and coasts Demographics Freshwater Consumption and production patterns Biodiversity 3

4 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 1 ThemeSub-themeCore indicator PovertyIncome povertyProportion of population living below national poverty line Income inequalityRatio of share in national income of highest to lowest quintile SanitationProportion of population using an improved sanitation facility Drinking waterProportion of population using an improved water source Access to energyShare of households without electricity or other modern energy services Living conditionsProportion of urban population living in slums 4

5 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 2 ThemeSub-themeCore indicator GovernanceCorruptionPercentage of population having paid bribes CrimeNumber of intentional homicides per 100,000 population HealthMortalityUnder-five mortality rate Life expectancy at birth Health care deliveryPercent of population with access to primary health care facilities Immunization against infectious childhood diseases Nutritional statusNutritional status of children Health status and risksMorbidity of major diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis 5

6 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 3 ThemeSub-themeCore indicator EducationEducation LevelGross intake ratio to last grade of primary education Net enrolment rate in primary education Adult secondary (tertiary) schooling attainment level LiteracyAdult literacy rate DemographicsPopulationPopulation growth rate Dependency ratio TourismRatio of local residents to tourists in major tourist regions and destinations 6

7 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 4 ThemeSub-themeCore indicator LandLand use and statusLand use change Land degradation DesertificationLand affected by desertification AgricultureArable and permanent cropland area ForestsProportion of land area covered by forests Oceans, seas and coastsCoastal zonePercentage of total population living in coastal areas FisheriesProportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits Marine environmentProportion of marine area protected 7

8 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 5 ThemeSub-themeCore indicator FreshwaterWater quantityProportion of total water resources used Water use intensity by economic activity Water qualityPresence of faecal coliforms in freshwater Wastewater treatment BiodiversityEcosystemProportion of terrestrial area protected, total and by ecological region SpeciesChange in threat status of species 8

9 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 6 ThemeSub-themeCore indicator Economic developmentMacroeconomic performanceGross domestic product (GDP) per capita Investment share in GDP Sustainable public financeDebt to GNI ratio EmploymentEmployment- population ratio Labor productivity and unit labor costs Share of women in wage employment in the non- agricultural sector Information and communication technologies Internet users per 100 population Research and developmentGross domestic expenditure on R&D as a percent of GDP TourismTourism contribution to GDP 9

10 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 7 ThemeSub-themeCore indicator Global economic partnershipTradeCurrent account deficit as percentage of GDP External financingNet Official Development Assistance (ODA) given or received as a percentage of GNI Consumption and production patterns Material consumptionMaterial intensity of the economy Energy useAnnual energy consumption, total and by main user category Intensity of energy use, total and by economic activity Waste generation and management Generation of hazardous waste Waste treatment and disposal TransportationModal split of passenger transportation 10

11 11

12 Sustainable Tourism Definition More responsible holidays include various forms of alternative or sustainable tourism such as: ‘nature- based tourism’, ‘ecotourism’ and ‘cultural tourism’ Sustainable tourism is a form of “tourism that respects both local people and the traveller, cultural heritage and the environment” It seeks to provide people with an exciting and educational holiday that is also of benefit to the people of the host country. 12

13 Go to CSD Indicators.xlsx Define importance of indicators in relation to Tourism 13

14 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 1 ThemeSub-themeCore indicatorIndividualCommunityState PovertyIncome povertyProportion of population living below national poverty line Income inequality Ratio of share in national income of highest to lowest quintile SanitationProportion of population using an improved sanitation facility Drinking waterProportion of population using an improved water source Access to energy Share of households without electricity or other modern energy services Living conditions Proportion of urban population living in slums 14

15 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 2 ThemeSub-themeCore indicatorIndividualCommunityState GovernanceCorruptionPercentage of population having paid bribes CrimeNumber of intentional homicides per 100,000 population HealthMortalityUnder-five mortality rate Life expectancy at birth Health care delivery Percent of population with access to primary health care facilities Immunization against infectious childhood diseases Nutritional status Nutritional status of children Health status and risks Morbidity of major diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis 15

16 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 3 ThemeSub-themeCore indicatorIndividual Community State EducationEducation Level Gross intake ratio to last grade of primary education Net enrolment rate in primary education Adult secondary (tertiary) schooling attainment level LiteracyAdult literacy rate Demograp hics PopulationPopulation growth rate Dependency ratio TourismRatio of local residents to tourists in major tourist regions and destinations 16

17 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 4 ThemeSub-themeCore indicatorIndividual Communit y State LandLand use and status Land use change Land degradation DesertificationLand affected by desertification AgricultureArable and permanent cropland area ForestsProportion of land area covered by forests Oceans, seas and coasts Coastal zonePercentage of total population living in coastal areas FisheriesProportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits Marine environment Proportion of marine area protected 17

18 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 5 Theme Sub- theme Core indicatorIndividualCommunityState FreshwaterWater quantity Proportion of total water resources used Water use intensity by economic activity Water quality Presence of faecal coliforms in freshwater Wastewater treatment BiodiversityEcosystemProportion of terrestrial area protected, total and by ecological region SpeciesChange in threat status of species 18

19 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 6 ThemeSub-themeCore indicator IndividualCommunityState Economic development Macroeconomic performance Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita Investment share in GDP Sustainable public finance Debt to GNI ratio EmploymentEmployment- population ratio Labor productivity and unit labor costs Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector Information and communication technologies Internet users per 100 population Research and development Gross domestic expenditure on R&D as a percent of GDP TourismTourism contribution to GDP 19

20 CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development 7 ThemeSub-themeCore indicator IndividualCommunityState Global economic partnership TradeCurrent account deficit as percentage of GDP External financing Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) given or received as a percentage of GNI Consumption and production patterns Material consumption Material intensity of the economy Energy useAnnual energy consumption, total and by main user category Intensity of energy use, total and by economic activity Waste generation and management Generation of hazardous waste Waste treatment and disposal TransportationModal split of passenger transportation 20

21 Economia del turismo Corso avanzato Sustainable Tourism Corso di laurea magistrale "Analisi e gestione delle attività turistiche e delle risorse" Roma, 26 marzo 2014 Claudio Cecchi – Dipartimento di Economia e Diritto


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