Presentation on theme: "University of Pembangunan Nasional Pokok Bahasan Perangkat Keras Komputer Perangkat Lunak Komputer Program Aplikasi Word processing Presentation."— Presentation transcript:
University of Pembangunan Nasional
Pokok Bahasan Perangkat Keras Komputer Perangkat Lunak Komputer Program Aplikasi Word processing Presentation Spreadsheets Pengelolaan Data dan Informasi Jaringan Komputer Aplikasi jaringan: Internet, Intranet
Detail Pokok Bahasan 1. Teknologi Infomarasi Dasar Teknologi Informasi Konsep-Konsep Sejarah Komputer Komponen Dasar Sistem Komputer Bagaimana Sistem Komputer Bekerja 2. Fungsi Utama Perangkat Keras Komputer Konfigurasi dan Klasifikasi Komputer CPU (Central Processing Unit) Peralatan Input-Output dan Pendukung Penyimpan Skunder 3. Dasar penggunaan Aplikasi Perangkat Lunak dan OS OS (Operating System) dan Fungsinya Disk Operating System (DOS) Bahasa tingkat tinggi dan Tingkat Rendah Assembler, Compiler dan Interpreter WINDOWS dan Dasar MS Office 4. Keamanan Data Pentingnya Backup Krisis Virus Komputer 5. Komputer dan Jaringan Local Area Network (LAN) Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) Wide Area Network (WAN) LAN Components, Topologies and Types Transmission Media
Tujuan: Menggambarkan tiga ciri-ciri dasar Komputer Describe at least four areas of society in which computers are used Identify the basic components of a computer system: input, processing, output, and storage List some common input, output, and storage media Distinguish data from information Describe the significance of networking Explain the significance of the Internet Explain the various classifications of computers
Course Assessment Quiz20% Test20% Assignment20% Final Exam40% Total = 100%
Introduction to Computers Computer hardware Input, Output & peripheral devices History of computers
Basic Components of a Computer System What is computer? An electronic device that can accept data (input), process the input to useful information (process) according to a set of instructions, store the instructions and the results of processing (storage), and produce the information (output).
Basic Components of a Computer System Other definition: A machine that can be programmed to accept data (input), process it into useful information (output), and store it away (in secondary storage device) for diamankan or later reuse Proses diarahkan oleh perangkat lunak tetapi dilakukan oleh perangkat keras
Information Age Evolving more rapidly than Industrial Age Will continue into the current century
Cornerstones of our Economy Land Labor Capital Information Forging a Computer-Based Society:
Jobs From physical to mental From muscle-power to brain-power Forging a Computer-Based Society:
A Computer in Your Future Where used? Bank withdrawal Supermarket Drive the car Do I need a Personal Computer? Campaign: One Home, One PC Many more use at work Will I use a computer in my future career? Almost every job will involve use of a computer Video: Future of Information TechnologyFuture of Information Technology
Computer Literacy Awareness Importance Versatility Pervasiveness in our society Knowledge What are computers How do computers work Terminology Interaction Use some simple computer applications
Is computer literacy enough? Need to be computer literate to manipulate a computer Need to be computer fluent on computer concepts as a basis to build deeper knowledge Computer fluency make one able to continue follow developments as computers continue to evolve
Basic Information Technology Concept Information technology - the use of modern technology to aid the capture, storage, retrieval, analysis, and communication of information. The various methods of delivering information are by the use of data, text, image, and voice for personal or organization needs.
History of Computers Man from centuries ago used a physical unit or sets of units to represent numbers or quantities. A number or a quantity can be represented by a physical thing, whether it is: a pebble a transistor a bead of wire a mark on a bit of paper a mechanical gear wheel an electrical relay a vacuum tube
The Nature of Computers Characteristics Speed Reliability Storage capability Results Productivity Decision making Cost reduction
Where Computers Are Used: Graphics Graphs and charts Animated graphics Visual walk-through
Where Computers Are Used: Education Teaching and testing aid Learning by doing Computer-based instruction
Where Computers Are Used: Retailing Bar codes for pricing and inventory Shipping
Where Computers Are Used: Energy Locate oil, coal, natural gas, and uranium Monitor the power network Meter reading
Where Computers Are Used: Law Enforcement National fingerprint files National files on criminal Computer modeling of DNA
Where Computers Are Used: Transportation Cars Run rapid transit systems Load containerships Track railroad cars Monitor air traffic
Where Computers Are Used: Money Record keeping Banking by phone Credit cards
Where Computers Are Used: Agriculture Billing Crop information Feed combinations Livestock breeding and performance
Where Computers Are Used: Government Forecast weather E-government Process immigrants Taxes Registration: birth, identity, car etc.
Where Computers Are Used: The Home Educational tool Record keeping Letter writing Budgeting Drawing and editing pictures Newsletters Connecting with others
Where Computers Are Used: Health and Medicine Monitor patients Electronic imaging Diagnose illnesses Tele-health
Where Computers Are Used: Robotics Perform jobs that are dangerous for humans Factory work
Where Computers Are Used: The Human Connection Assist the disabled Assist athletes by monitoring their movements
Where Computers Are Used The Sciences Research Simulation Connectivity Communication Telecommuting
Where Computers Are Used Training Airline pilots Railroad engineers Paperwork Junk mail Term paper Record keeping
Computers are all around! Grocery store Schools Libraries Bank Mail Malls We interact with computers everyday! We interact with computers everyday!
What computers can’t do yet? Complex human activities What else? Can you think of others?