Presentation on theme: "PER-002-0 or NERC wants you to have one of them there System Operator training programs. SPP Compliance Workshop Tulsa Oklahoma, Oct 31, 2006 Ron Maki."— Presentation transcript:
PER or NERC wants you to have one of them there System Operator training programs. SPP Compliance Workshop Tulsa Oklahoma, Oct 31, 2006 Ron Maki
Where are we now? PER Applies to Balancing Authorities (BA) and Transmission Operators (TO) There are 4 Requirements R1 Each BA and TO shall be staffed with adequately trained operating personnel. R2 Each BA and TO shall have a training program for all operating personnel that are in:
Where are we now? R2.1. Positions that have the primary responsibility, either directly or through communications with others, for the real-time operation of the interconnected Bulk electric system. R2.2 Positions directly responsible for complying with NERC Standards.
Where are we now? R3 For personnel identified in Requirement R2, the Transmission Operator and Balancing Authority shall provide a training program meeting the following criteria: R3.1 A set of training program objectives must be defined, based on NERC and Regional Reliability Organization standards, entity operating procedures, and applicable regulatory requirements. These objectives shall reference the knowledge and competencies needed to apply those standards, procedures and requirements to normal, emergency and restoration conditions for the TO and BA operating positions.
Where are we now? R3.2. The training program must include a plan for the initial and continuing training of Transmission and Balancing Authority operating personnel. That plan shall address knowledge and competencies required for reliable system operations. R3.3. The training program must include training time for all Transmission Operator and Balancing operating personnel to ensure their operating proficiency.
Where are we now? R3.4. Training staff must be identified, and the staff must be competent in both knowledge of system operations and instructional capabilities. R4 For personnel identified in R2, each TO and BA shall provide its operating personnel at least five days per year of training and drills using realistic simulations of system emergencies, in addition to other training required to maintain qualified operating personnel.
Where are we going? PER Has 10 requirements Has 6 pages Addresses the 5 day requirement Requires JTA for tasks 30 day comment period Sep 27 – Oct 26 Respond to comments and post a revised standard Nov 15 – Dec 29
Where are we going? Jan 15 Respond to comments on the second draft and obtain Standards Committee to move the standard to balloting Feb 1 – March 2 Post standard and implementation plan for a 30 day pre-ballot period Mar 5-16 Conduct an initial ballot for 10 days Mar 23 Respond to comments submitted with the initial ballot
Where are we going? March 26- April 4 Conduct a recirculation ballot for ten days April Post a 30 day preview for board May 2 BOT adaptation
PER Intro A. Introduction 1. Title: System Operator Training 2. Number: PER Purpose: To ensure that System Operators (SO’s) performing real-time, reliability-related tasks on the North American Bulk Electric System are competent to perform those tasks. The competency of SO’s is critical to the reliability of the North American Bulk Electric System. 4. Applicability: 4.1. Functional Entities: Reliability Coordinator Balancing Authority Transmission Operator. 5. Proposed Effective Date for Regulatory Approvals: July 1, 2007
Requirement 1 R1. Each Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority and Transmission Operator shall conduct a SO job task analysis (JTA). The analysis must be updated when there is a new or revised task or tool. The JTA results shall include a list of company-specific reliability- related tasks assigned to each SO position and the following information for each of those tasks: [Risk Factor: High ] R1.1. The conditions under which the task is performed. R1.2. The actions to be taken in performing the task, including identification of references and tools used in performing the task.
Requirement 1 cont. R1.3. Identification of whether the task is performed alone or as part of a team. R1.4. The criticality of the task with respect to reliability. R1.5. The frequency of performing the task. R1.6. The knowledge, skill and experience needed to perform the task. R1.7. The criteria for successful performance of the task.
Requirement 2 R2. Each Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority and Transmission Operator shall assess the training needs (for the tasks identified in R1. and the criteria for successful performance of the task identified in R1.7.) of entry-level or newly hired experienced SO. [Risk Factor: Medium]
Requirement 3 R3. Each Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority and Transmission Operator shall: Conduct a training needs assessment of incumbent SO’s to identify mismatches (for the tasks identified in R1 and the criteria for successful performance of the task identified in R1.7.) between actual performance and the criteria for successful performance for each position executing reliability related tasks identified in R1. (including any contract SO or system) Operator performing tasks identified in R1. (under delegation agreements) at least once every year. [Risk Factor: High]
Requirement 4 R4. Each Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority and Transmission Operator shall have an annual training plan developed from the training needs assessments in R2. and R3. that identifies the topics, anticipated duration of the topics, and target schedule for the following types of training: [Risk Factor: Medium] R4.1. Entry-level SO training to bring entry-level SO performance to a minimum acceptable level of competency on all assigned reliability-related tasks. R4.2. Refresher training to reduce performance gaps of incumbent SO. R4.3. Refresher training to provide incumbent SO with practice in performing tasks with high criticality and low frequency of occurrence. R4.4. Continuing training to provide incumbent SO with new knowledge and skill to perform new or revised tasks or to use new tools.
Requirement 5 R5. Each Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority and Transmission Operator shall verify that persons developing or delivering training have the following qualifications: [Risk Factor: High] R5.1. Training development: R Operating knowledge in the subject matter covered by the training activity. R Competency in developing training using a systematic approach. R5.2. Training delivery: R Competency in training delivery.
Requirement 6 R6. Each Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority and Transmission Operator shall implement its SO training program by providing training to all of its SO (including any contract SO) performing tasks identified in R1. (under delegation agreements) as follows: [Risk Factor: High] R6.1. Entry-level training to provide SO with the knowledge and skill identified in R2. to meet the associated criteria for successful performance identified in R1.7. R6.2. Continuing training to reinforce knowledge and skills of incumbent SO’s as identified in the JTA (R1) that were not covered in R4.2. R6.3. Refresher training to eliminate performance gaps identified by the training needs assessments in R2 and R3. R6.4. Continuing training to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary for new or modified tasks and tools identified in R2. and R3.
Requirement 6 cont. R6.5. Annual refresher training for incumbent SO that includes the use of drills and simulations on tasks that have high reliability-related criticality (as identified in R1.4.) and low frequency of occurrence (as identified in R1.5.) to meet the associated criteria for successful performance identified in R1.7. This refresher training shall include: R At least 32 hours of emergency operations or system restoration training, simulating the system conditions, operating procedures and communication processes. R At least one exercise each year shall involve other entities on a subregional, regional or interconnection-wide basis, involving all real-time operating positions likely to be involved in the actual event, with each person performing their assigned duties. [Risk Factor: Medium]
Requirement 7 7. Each Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority and Transmission Operator shall document the following for each training activity used to support its reliability-related SO training: [Risk Factor: Lower] R7.1. Title of the activity. R7.2. Training provider. R7.3. Description of the content covered by the activity. R7.4. Training method or methods. R7.5. Tools or reference documents needed for the training.
Requirement 7 cont. R7.6. Identification of the task or tasks (identified in R1.), or supporting knowledge or skill (identified in R1.6.) covered by the training. R7.7. Identification of the conditions under which the associated task is performed (as identified in R1.1.). R7.8. Identification of any prerequisite training. R7.9. Objectives and assessments that duplicate the criteria for successful performance identified in R1.7. and mastery of the knowledge and skills in R1.6. R7.10. Practice in following the steps and using the tools and references identified in R1.2., including practice with others.
Requirement 8 R8. Each Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority and Transmission Operator shall track the progress of each of its SO (including any contract SO or SO performing tasks identified in R1. under delegation agreements) in using training to obtain the knowledge, skill and experience needed to meet the performance criteria specified in R1.7. for the tasks identified in R1. by maintaining the following records: [Risk Factor: Medium] R8.1. For each reliability-related task identified in R1., the date and method used to assess whether the SO’s performance meets the criteria specified in R1.7.
Requirement 8 cont. R8.2. For participation in each training activity identified under R7., the date and duration of participation in training activities designed to develop their ability to meet the performance criteria in R1.7.
Requirement 9 R9. Each Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority and Transmission Operator shall conduct an annual evaluation of its SO training program to determine if the training does prepare SO to meet the criteria for successful performance as identified in R1.7. and use the results to update the program to meet identified deficiencies, giving consideration to the following information sources: [Risk Factor: Medium] R9.1. Feedback from trainees to identify areas where the training should be clarified or modified. R9.2. Results of learning assessments. R9.3. Post-training workplace performance feedback. R9.4. Audit results.
Requirement 10 R10. Each Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority and Transmission Operator shall maintain its SO training program so that the information provided to trainees accurately reflects the current operating environment. [Risk Factor: Medium]
What are the components of a training program? Training Plan – one page wont do it. Objectives are important Documentation Designated training time Documentation Qualified training staff – expert in area Documentation
Training Plans Plan for new Operators JTA for new Operators Background checks Handle shift work? (SETDTJADETWSW) NERC Certified? Proficient in fundamentals? Certified does not mean qualified!
Training Plans Plan for experienced Operator training JTA for job duties Plan to replace experienced Operators
Where can I get training plan? SPP will share their training plan Talk to the other Trainers in SPP Search the web Hire a vendor (be handy with money)
How many and what kind of hours do these boys and girls need? 32 hour emergency requirement – annual requirement for all certificates These hours do not have to be CEH hours Why would you not have them as CEH’s? Reliability Coordinator Certificate 200 hours Balancing and Interchange/Transmission Operator Certificate 160 hours
How many and what kind of hours do these boys and girls need? Balancing Authority Certificate 160 hours Transmission Certificate 140 hours All training must be done in the last 3 years of ones certificate. Starting in Oct of 2006, all certificates will be for three years
How many and what kind of hours do these boys and girls need? Retesting is not an option, CEH hours must be used for recertification. An Operator can drop down a level however if he/she has the hours and the job does not require a higher certificate. All certificates require 30 hours of simulation and 30 hours of standards in the three year period. Hours can be done at any time during the 3 year period. If you wait until the last minute you would be doing the Operators an injustice.
How does one get all these hours? Regional Training SPP System Operator Conferences held three times a year in Springfield Missouri for which the cost is very reasonable CEH hours SPP Sub Region drills held 3 times a year. 8 CEH hours SPP Region drills held 3 times a year. 14 CEH hours MISO and WECC sessions available as well.
How does one get all these hours? Become a NERC Approved CEH provider. Submit 3 programs for approval and apply to become a provider. CHEAP, 50 bucks and 8 dollars per CEH hour. Quarterly reports required. It takes a lot of work but well worth the effort.
How does one get all these hours? Abundance of quality vendor training available. Generally higher cost but worth the effort. Anywhere from $350 to $800 per 16 hour class. CBT. With the 24/7 environment, it is hard to get everyone to everything but there is down-time to do CBT training to supplement Regional and internal training.
How does one get all these hours? Operate out of the backup site Field trips to black-start units Field trips to generating units Field trips with line-crews Field trips to neighboring utilities that you are tied with
How does one get all these hours? The American Power Dispatchers hold spring and fall sessions at reasonable costs. CEH hours offered vary from region to region. Talk to other trainers, SPP has many good trainers, Mike Wech of SPA, John Kerr of GRDA and Dave Millam of Aquila are examples. Many others as well. You would be surprised what a shirt or hat will get you. Be willing to share.
How does one get all these hours? The EPRI simulator is free to download. Remember, 30 hours of realistic simulation is required for all certificates for recertification. Monthly Question program, need an ILA each month.
What makes a CEH hour? NERC allows a ten minute break each hour. A 4 hour class would be at least 3 hours 20 minutes. Make sure you do what you advertise. You would only be cheating the operators. If in doubt, go to the NERC web site under Continuing Education Program or contact John Theotonio at NERC.
Documentation NERC data base available next year. Manual recertification available in the interim. Operators will have to monitor their hours for accuracy. Privacy issue, but companies are still responsible to have certified Operators. Look at it like a truck driver maintaining their CDL to drive a commercial vehicle.
It doesn’t have to be fancy or EXPENSIVE Word document Excel spreadsheet - track costs for budgeting Access program – drop down boxes – track costs – backed up every day Others What do you use? All of these can work quite nicely
It doesn’t have to be fancy or EXPENSIVE Aquila transmission and generation uses an Access data-base developed by our staff in Colorado. Way to go Linda Jacobson!
Vendors Vendors will gladly help you out. Good programs and will do a lot of things for you. (You just have to be handy with money) Track costs Track current training Track future training
What does not work for documentation? A pile of certificates in a drawer Inaccurate documentation Incomplete documentation Group documentation - we averaged….
What if I can not get a person certified? Content outline on NERC website One on one with trainer Many certification classes by vendors Study, Study, Study
Questions ? Comments? Contact me at the following Office