Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Why so many translations? The Present State of English Bible Translation.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Why so many translations? The Present State of English Bible Translation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Why so many translations? The Present State of English Bible Translation

2 Introduction For those of us who speak English, we have an embarrassment of riches. For those of us who speak English, we have an embarrassment of riches. There are more Bible translations in our language than in any other, and they are all readily accessible to us. There are more Bible translations in our language than in any other, and they are all readily accessible to us. There are new translations being produced even now. There are new translations being produced even now.

3 Introduction Is this good or bad? Is this good or bad? Goal for today: Goal for today: survey the field to show what types of English Bible translations are available survey the field to show what types of English Bible translations are available explain why this situation exists explain why this situation exists offer appropriate responses offer appropriate responses

4 The Current Situation There is an embarrassment of riches when it comes to English translations. There is an embarrassment of riches when it comes to English translations. For the NET Bible preface we count twenty-five different English translations of the entire Bible and approximately forty of the New Testament. For the NET Bible preface we count twenty-five different English translations of the entire Bible and approximately forty of the New Testament. Revisions of existing translations Revisions of existing translations Original translations which are based only upon the Hebrew and Greek scriptures. Original translations which are based only upon the Hebrew and Greek scriptures.

5 The Current Situation Some of the major ones: Some of the major ones:  Revised Standard Version (NT 1946; complete Bible, 1952)  J. B. Phillips’ The New Testament in Modern English (1958)  Amplified Bible (1965)  Jerusalem Bible (1966)  New American Bible (1970)  New English Bible (1970)  New American Standard Bible (1971)  The Living Bible (1971)  New International Version (1973)

6 The Current Situation There have even been revisions of these versions. There have even been revisions of these versions. NASB was updated in NASB was updated in The NIV has been recently updated with the TNIV, Today’s New International Version. The NIV has been recently updated with the TNIV, Today’s New International Version. The RSV has been updated with the ESV. The RSV has been updated with the ESV. The Living Bible has been updated with the New Living Translation, which itself has recently been revised. The Living Bible has been updated with the New Living Translation, which itself has recently been revised. Currently in production are the NET Bible and the Holman Christian Standard Bible. Currently in production are the NET Bible and the Holman Christian Standard Bible.

7 Why does this situation exist? There are different translation philosophies at work. There are different translation philosophies at work. Functional Equivalence: The translation of one language into another retaining as much as possible the original forms of the first language. Functional Equivalence: The translation of one language into another retaining as much as possible the original forms of the first language. Dynamic equivalence: The translation of one language into another with a goal of translating the meaning of the original without regard to the forms of the first language Dynamic equivalence: The translation of one language into another with a goal of translating the meaning of the original without regard to the forms of the first language

8 Functional and Dynamic Equivalence quand les poulets aient les dents quand les poulets aient les dents when chicken have teeth when chicken have teeth when pigs fly when pigs fly That will never happen. That will never happen.

9 Examples of Extremely Literal Translation Matthew 1:18 Matthew 1:18 tou de ihsou cristou h genesiv outwv hn mnhsteuyeishv thv mhtrov autou mariav tw iwshf prin h sunelyein autouv eureyh en gastri ecousa ek pneumatov agiou tou de ihsou cristou h genesiv outwv hn mnhsteuyeishv thv mhtrov autou mariav tw iwshf prin h sunelyein autouv eureyh en gastri ecousa ek pneumatov agiou “Of the but Jesus Christ the birth thus was. Being betrothed the mother of him, Mary, to Joseph, before or to come together them she was found in belly having from Spirit Holy.”

10 Examples of Extremely Literal Translation John 4:15 John 4:15 legei prov auton h gunh kurie dov moi touto to udwr ina mh diqw mhde diercwmai enyade antlein legei prov auton h gunh kurie dov moi touto to udwr ina mh diqw mhde diercwmai enyade antlein “Says to him the woman, ‘Sir, give to me this the water that not I thirst nor I come here to draw.”

11 Comparisons of Functional and Dynamic Equivalence Translation Romans 3:21 Romans 3:21 NASB “But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets” NLT “But now God has shown us a different way of being right in his sight-- not by obeying the law but by the way promised in the Scriptures long ago”

12 Comparisons of Functional and Dynamic Equivalence Translation Ecclesiastes 11:4 Ecclesiastes 11:4 NASB “He who watches the wind will not sow and he who looks at the clouds will not reap.” NLT “If you wait for perfect conditions, you will never get anything done.”

13 Why does this situation exist? There is a very heated battle about which is more appropriate for Bible translation. There is a place for both, though, and their advantages and disadvantages should be carefully understood. There is a very heated battle about which is more appropriate for Bible translation. There is a place for both, though, and their advantages and disadvantages should be carefully understood.

14 Why does this situation exist? English is changing as all languages do. English is changing as all languages do. All languages are in a continuous state of flux. All languages are in a continuous state of flux. All translations will eventually be out of date. All translations will eventually be out of date. The advent of the internet and all its related applications has created a greater state of flux than in the past. The advent of the internet and all its related applications has created a greater state of flux than in the past. English Bible translations need to change as well. (Judges 16:7 in NIV) English Bible translations need to change as well. (Judges 16:7 in NIV)

15 How should we respond to this situation? Our tendency is to exalt one translation over another. Our tendency is to exalt one translation over another. King-James-Only movement King-James-Only movement Instead we should recognize our bounty of riches and use it accordingly. Instead we should recognize our bounty of riches and use it accordingly.

16 How should we respond to this situation? Dynamic equivalence translations are good for those who know little or nothing about the Gospel or the Bible. Dynamic equivalence translations are good for those who know little or nothing about the Gospel or the Bible. Functional equivalence translations are good for those who understand biblical concepts and want to understand more carefully the exact wording of the text. Functional equivalence translations are good for those who understand biblical concepts and want to understand more carefully the exact wording of the text.

17 How should we respond to this situation? Dynamic equivalence translations are good for situations where the public reading and comprehension of scripture has a prominent place. Dynamic equivalence translations are good for situations where the public reading and comprehension of scripture has a prominent place. Functional equivalence translations are good for situations where the details of the text are the central focus. Functional equivalence translations are good for situations where the details of the text are the central focus.

18 How should we respond to this situation? Recognize that the multiplicity of translations can increase our confidence in the Scriptures. Recognize that the multiplicity of translations can increase our confidence in the Scriptures. Use this bounty of wealth to your advantage. Use this bounty of wealth to your advantage. Be gracious, but be educational. Be gracious, but be educational.

19 Conclusion There is a sense in which every translation falls short of perfectly communicating the original text underneath it. There is a sense in which every translation falls short of perfectly communicating the original text underneath it. More importantly, there is a sense in which every translation contains the word of God and accurately communicates its sense. More importantly, there is a sense in which every translation contains the word of God and accurately communicates its sense. Be aware of what is out there and how the translations differ, but more than that trust the one you have and listen for God’s word to speak to you from its pages. Be aware of what is out there and how the translations differ, but more than that trust the one you have and listen for God’s word to speak to you from its pages.


Download ppt "Why so many translations? The Present State of English Bible Translation."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google