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Global Health So near, So far World Health Organization Collaborating Centre, University of Pittsburgh 2011 the year of Global Health.

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Presentation on theme: "Global Health So near, So far World Health Organization Collaborating Centre, University of Pittsburgh 2011 the year of Global Health."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Health So near, So far World Health Organization Collaborating Centre, University of Pittsburgh 2011 the year of Global Health

2 Health and Global Health, WHO “Health is not only the absence of infirmity and disease but also a state of physical, mental and social well-being.”

3 GloCal Health (Global to Local) Your Patient and Where you live

4 Global health is an important new concept. The Institute of Medicine refers to global health as "health problems, issues and concerns that transcend national boundaries, may be influenced by circumstances or experiences in other countries, and are best addressed by cooperative actions and solutions."

5 The Supercourse: Internet bringing us closer together through learning about global health THE SUPERCOURSE is a global library of lectures on prevention and public health, shared for free by the best faculty in the world.

6 What is WHO? WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence- based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.

7 Who are the developers of this lecture? Global Health Network Supercourse Project Global Health Network Supercourse Project Library of Alexandria, Egypt Library of Alexandria, Egypt WHO Collaborating Centre, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health WHO Collaborating Centre, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health

8 Global Health Global Health Network Supercourse Project, University of Pittsburgh Building a Global Prevention Network to Share Knowledge and Wisdom

9 Mission of this lecture 1. Teach every medical, public health and nursing student in the world about global health 2. Develop a global health network for students to tackle local to global health problems.

10 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care.” “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care.” Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948

11 International Health “International health refers to the interlocking and interrelated health status of people throughout the world and to efforts to improve the health of all people of every country.” “International health refers to the interlocking and interrelated health status of people throughout the world and to efforts to improve the health of all people of every country.” Last, Foege

12 Public health, medicine, and nursing: parts of the same puzzle

13 Why should students learn about global health As of today, colleges and universities have very few lectures on global health in their curricula As of today, colleges and universities have very few lectures on global health in their curricula Health is becoming a global problem, with chronic diseases being a number one killer around the globe Health is becoming a global problem, with chronic diseases being a number one killer around the globe By learning more about global health research, students will be better equipped to face the challenges of their unique profession By learning more about global health research, students will be better equipped to face the challenges of their unique profession Global Health is important for all students, those in health, engineering, chemistry, etc. Global Health is important for all students, those in health, engineering, chemistry, etc.

14 What should students know about global health Know the differences between global and international health research Know the differences between global and international health research Identify key challenges to global health Identify key challenges to global health Recognize the importance of information sharing in the area of global health Recognize the importance of information sharing in the area of global health Recognize the importance of preventive activities in improving global health Recognize the importance of preventive activities in improving global health Recognize the need for global networking to improve global health locally and globally Recognize the need for global networking to improve global health locally and globally

15 Local health International health Global health

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17 Smallpox vaccination: the case of global health effort in disease eradication

18 Most important problems of global health today Communicable, maternal, perinatal and nutritional conditions Communicable, maternal, perinatal and nutritional conditions Noncommunicable diseases Noncommunicable diseases Injuries Injuries

19 There are many challenges to global health with different professionals emphasizing different diseases. Interdisciplinary approaches are needed to ease the burden of both communicable and non-communicable diseases Interdisciplinary approaches are needed to ease the burden of both communicable and non-communicable diseases

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21 Cause of deathDeath in MillionsPercent of Death Coronary heart disease Stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases Lower respiratory infections Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Diarrheal diseases HIV/AIDS Tuberculosis Trachea, bronchus, lung cancers Road traffic accidents Prematurity and low birth weight leading causes of death around the world (WHO)

22 Digital divide: gap between haves and have nots One of the biggest global health challenges is access to information

23 Problem: Information sharing: Important challenge to global health in the 21 st century. Potential Solution: WWW and Mobile Global Health

24 The importance of knowledge, learning, innovation, and IT “ The most fundamental resource in modern economy is knowledge and, accordingly, the most important process is learning” Lundvall, Bengt-Åke (1992) National Systems of Innovation. Towards a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. Pinter, London and New York, pp. 342

25 Biomedical Research Education in Medicine and Public Health

26 Global Health Information Sharing: Supercourse CD/DVD Distributed to over 10,000 individuals around the globe and to all medical schools through WHO

27 Forming a network

28 Conclusion Global health is important, as similar conditions plague people in developed and developing countries alike Global health is important, as similar conditions plague people in developed and developing countries alike Life expectancy in the 20 th century was improved due to successes in global health efforts Life expectancy in the 20 th century was improved due to successes in global health efforts All students need to know more about global health research and form networks to share important global health knowledge All students need to know more about global health research and form networks to share important global health knowledge

29 Organizations working in the area of global health World Health OrganizationWorld Health Organization, the Pan American Health Organization, the World Bank, UNICEF, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the UN Foundation, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, CARE International, the Global Health Council, and many others Pan American Health OrganizationWorld Bank UNICEFUN High Commissioner for RefugeesUN FoundationBill and Melinda Gates FoundationCARE InternationalGlobal Health Council World Health OrganizationPan American Health OrganizationWorld Bank UNICEFUN High Commissioner for RefugeesUN FoundationBill and Melinda Gates FoundationCARE InternationalGlobal Health Council

30 Ali Ardaldin Iran Sunita Dodani US/Pakistan Jesse Hung China Ronald LaPorte US Mita Lovalekar US/India Faina Linkov US/Ukraine Nicholas Padilla Mexico Kawkab Shishani Jordan Francois Sauer US Eugene Shubnikov Russia Ali Soni Jesse Ron Faina Mita Nicholas Rania FrancoisEugene

31 Additional Readings Open Source Supercourse and Disaster Management Training Social Epidemiologic Methods in International Population Health and Health Services Research Principles of Research Synthesis

32 How can I join the global prevention network? Join the Supercourse distribution list by ing Present at least 1 slide on prevention to your students

33 How do you join this global effort? Visit Send this lecture to as many people you know Teach at least 1 slide about global health. Contact us at for other


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