Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F M.A.D.A.N.A.C Measurement And Discovery of Asteroids and NEOs.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F M.A.D.A.N.A.C Measurement And Discovery of Asteroids and NEOs."— Presentation transcript:

1 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F M.A.D.A.N.A.C Measurement And Discovery of Asteroids and NEOs in AntarctiCa

2 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F

3 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F

4 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F

5 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F Physical characterization is losing the race against discovery (Data from Tedesco, private communication)

6 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F Near-Earth Objects: What We Would Like To Know Better Inventory and Size Distribution Asteroidal/Cometary Contribution Origin, History and Evolution Composition Internal Structure: Density, Impact Strength, Macroscopic Porosity Regolith Properties Spin rates Binarity

7 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F How to improve our knowledge on: Masses and densities? Internal structures? How many? Size and albedo distribution? Taxonomic distribution?  In situ Exploration  Remote Observations Statement from the conclusions of the Erice Space Chemistry School, July 2001 on “The Physical Properties of Potential Earth Impactors: Know Your Enemy” The most crucial datum needed for assessing the NEO hazard is the size of the objects. This information is lacking for the majority of known NEOs and is the highest measurement priority after discovery and orbit determination.

8 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F PHOTOMETRY

9 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F Thermal Radiometry Asteroids emit both scattered sunlight at visible wavelengths, and thermal radiation in the IR. Simultaneous measurement of V and thermal IR fluxes lead to determination of albedo and size. (Courtesy of S. Price) NEOs are bright in the thermal IR !

10 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F THE (923) HERLUGA FIELD IN THE VISIBLE AND IR (MSX Observations) (Courtesy of S. Price)

11 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F For D = 1 km and p V = 0.16 (Computations by E.F. Tedesco) Microns

12 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F Diameter in Km as a function of albedo (visible)) 1 UA

13 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F (data from E.F. Tedesco)

14 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F Advantages of mid-IR observations of NEOs Most of the available IR data have been obtained so far by space missions (IRAS, MSX) … but from the ground, in recent years, no more than 10 NEOs per year on the average have been observed in the thermal IR. Radiometry allows to obtain sizes and albedos Objects are bright at mid-IR wavelengths Stellar background substantially reduced, even at low galactic latitudes Modest dependence of IR luminosity on phase angle Radiometry allows to obtain sizes and albedos Objects are bright at mid-IR wavelengths Stellar background substantially reduced, even at low galactic latitudes Modest dependence of IR luminosity on phase angle Jon Lawrence and Michael Burton

15 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F POLARIMETRY

16 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F Polarimetry This technique is based on some empirical relationships between the degree of linear polarization (measured through the Stokes parameters Q and U) and the surface albedo. What is usually measured is the parameter: P r = ( I  - I  ) / ( I  + I // ) Where I  and I  are the intensities of the components linearly polarized along the directions perpendicular and parallel to the scattering plane, respectively.

17 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F Polarization curve of 1 Ceres

18 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F The slope – albedo relationship (from Dollfus et al., 1989)

19 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F Polarimetry in IR : never done at this moment Inputs to models A new way to classify taxonomy ?

20 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F SPECTROSCOPY

21 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F Asteroid Taxonomic Classes (from Tholen and Barucci, 1989)

22 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F a): Ni-Fe b): Olivine c): Ortopyroxene d): Feldspar e): Spinel

23 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F IR spectroscopy (or color-photometry) allows to discriminate taxonomic types

24 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F DETECTION

25 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F Solar elongations vs. Earth distance Solar elongations vs. Earth distance Large dots: M v < 16 Medium dots: 16 < M v < 18 Small dots: 18 < M v < 20 Orbital evolution of 21 Atens (821 yrs). Solar elongations vs. Earth distance every 40 days. Aten objects: a AU (integrations made by Boattini and Carusi)

26 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F IEOs: a class of NEOs totally interior to the Earth’s orbit These objects are extremely hard to discover, due to the difficulty of observing them from ground, since they never are visible at large solar elongations. The first IEO discovery has been made by LINEAR not earlier than In addition to Atens, a new class of objects, with orbits completely inside Earth’s orbit, have been found to exist necessarily, through numerical integrations of NEO orbits performed in These objects have been called IEOs (objects Interior to Earth’s Orbit). Where on earth can we make observations in direction of the sun …?

27 M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F Measurements: albedo, size, taxonomy: photometry, spectroscopy, polarimetry M.A.D.A.N.A.C could (should ?) exist…. There are things to do at Dome C for asteroids: Discoveries : NEOs, IEOS but also MBAs and TNOs Great benefits of IR


Download ppt "M.A.D.A.N.A.C Ph. Bendjoya L.U.A.N-U.N.S/C.N.R.S A. Cellino Osservatorio di Torino I.N.A.F M.A.D.A.N.A.C Measurement And Discovery of Asteroids and NEOs."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google