2 The PancreasThe pancreas is a gland organ in the digestive and endocrine system of vertebrates.endocrine glandhormonesinsulinglucagonsomatostatinexocrine glandsecreting pancreatic juicecontaining digestive enzymespass to the small intestineThese enzymes help in the further breakdown of the carbohydrates, protein, and fat in the chyme.
3 The GallbladderThe gallbladder is a small pouch which is 7-10 cm long and 4 cm diameter that sits just under the liver(Dimensions Info, year not given).stores bile produced by the liverbile digest fatsGallbladder isn’t essentialAfter mealsempty and flat.Before a meal,may be full of bileabout the size of a small pear.
4 The Mouth Different Parts Tongue Salivary Glands Teeth muscular organ covered in pink tissue called mucosatasting, chewing and swallowing foodSalivary Glandssecrete saliva.TeethHard pieces of calcium used for chewing.Consistsof the root (the part inside the gums)and crown (the white part)
5 Pharynx A fibro-muscular passageway Also known as the throat Functions conducts air to and from the trachea(windpipe) during respirationextends from the base of the skull to the bottom layer of the cricoid cartilageallows swallowed solids and liquids into the esophagus, or gullet
6 The Esophagusmuscular tube connecting the throat (pharynx) with the stomach.The esophagus is about 8 inches long,lined by moist pink tissue called mucosatransports to the stomach from the mouthfoodliquids
7 Liver Description organs are under the liver big organweighs about 3 poundsreddish-brownusually you cannot feel the liver, as it is protected by the rib cage.the right side of the bellyorgans are under the liverthe gallbladderparts of the pancreas and intestines.The liver has two large sections called the right and left lobes.Main functionsfilter blood coming from the digestive tractdetoxifying chemicalsmetabolizing drugsmaking proteins that are important for blood clotting and other functions
8 Stomach muscular organ located on the left side of the upper abdomen receives food from the esophagusAs food reaches the end of the esophagus, it enters the stomach through a muscular valve called the lower esophageal sphincter.secretesacid that digest foodenzymes that digest foodRugae(muscle tissue) line the stomachcontract periodically, churning food to enhance digestion.The pyloric sphinctermuscular valve that opens to allow food to pass from the stomach to the small intestine.Followed by the stomach is the small intestine
9 Small Intestine Description LengthyNarrowspiraled tubeconnected to the large intestine and the stomach.Functionsmain digestion processesabsorption of food that is held in the central and lower abdominal cavityCool Fact- it has the surface area of a tennis court!
10 Colon (Large Intestine) FunctionsRemovingWaterSaltSome nutrientsAll developing stool.Muscles line the colon’s wallsconstrict the products alongBillions of bacteria coat the colon and its contents, living in a fit balance with the body
11 Anusis the opening where the gastrointestinal tract ends and exits the bodystarts at the bottom of the rectum(last portion of the colon)Circular musclesexternal sphincter aniform the wall of the anus to keep it closed.Glands release fluid into the anus to keep its surface moist.
12 SourcesWebMD, LLC,2009, Digestive Disorders Health Center, Pancreas, The Gallbladder, The Stomach, The Liver, The Colon, Large Intestine,2009, accessed (August, ). Can be accessed from:http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/picture-of-the-_______Insert blank with either pancreas, gallbladder, stomach, liver, colon.Encyclopedia Britannica, Author not given, abdominal cavity, small intestine, year not given, accessed on (August 19, 2012) atThe Encyclopedia of Science, Author Not given and Year Not Given, Gall Bladder, accessed (August 19, 2012) at