Presentation on theme: "A NEW MODEL/ANTI-MODEL OF WOMAN POLITICIAN PROF.UNIV.DR. DANIELA ROVENTA-FRUMUSANI LECT.UNIV.DR. ADRIANA STEFANEL Women, Power, Leadership : Engendering."— Presentation transcript:
A NEW MODEL/ANTI-MODEL OF WOMAN POLITICIAN PROF.UNIV.DR. DANIELA ROVENTA-FRUMUSANI LECT.UNIV.DR. ADRIANA STEFANEL Women, Power, Leadership : Engendering social change through discursive empowerment of female politicians at the top International Workshop, Perugia, Italy, 11-12 October 2012
The communist period: double burden Women: the stars of communist propaganda The heroizing of women that practice traditional manly professions, from heavy industry and mining to surgery and experimental science; but also the abortion legalization, the brutal secularization of marriage and encouragement –almost irresponsible – of the divorce process (Petre, Z. in Boia, L., 2005,259) The political participation of women was nothing but rhetorical. In fact, women politicians used to be employed in ‘soft areas’ and at the bottom of the political hierarchy Women, Power, Leadership Perugia, Italy 11-12 October 2012 http://www.frontpress.ro/2011/08/imaginea-si- rolul-femeii-in-perioada-comunista.html http://life.hotnews.ro/stiri-prin_oras-10701184- emanciparea-femeilor-primii-ani-regimului-comunist-din- romania.htm
Women politicians in post-communist Romania Women, Power, Leadership Perugia, Italy 11-12 October 201 2 The changes brought up by the Romanian revolution in 1989 acted in fact, not in spirit, against women’s political involvement. The pro-women involvement discourse was labeled as a communist residue and any attempt to enforce a men/women balance in politics remained fruitless. Chamber of DeputiesSenateParliament women%totalwomen%totalwomen%total 1990-1992184,7138221,56128203,92510 1992-1996113,2234153,20156163,21497 1996-2000216,12234321,29154234,62497 2000-2004298,50341106,13163397,73504 2004-2008278,10333139,28140408,45473 2008-prezent339,90333107,29137439,14470
First decade: politics as boy’s club First two nominees in The Council of The Salvation Front (CFSN) were women; both resign in less than a month 1989-1996: 5 out of 40 women in CFSN; none in The Executive Office; none in the Government; 20 out of 510 in Parliament 1996-2000: 2 women in Senate, 23 in the Deputy Chamber In the entire period only 2 women minister ( Daniela Bartos for 4 month, Smaranda Dobrescu 1 year) Women, Power, Leadership Perugia, Italy 11-12 October 2012 http://www.pagina deiasi.ro/un-liberal- adevarat/ http://blog.serialreaders.com/2010/10/ana-blandiana-este- invitata-festivalului-international-de-poezie-shaar-de-la-tel-aviv/ http://www.taifasuri.ro/taifasuri/sanatat e/1969-doctor-daniela-bartos-caldura- accentueaza-afectiunile-cardiace.html http://arhiva.curentul.ro:81/2 003/curentul.php?numar=200 31219&art=42421
The second decade: the multiplication of feminine voices Women, Power, Leadership Perugia, Italy 11-12 October 2012 The process of integration in UE influence women participation in Romanian politics but not the way they are treated (both by male politicians and by the media) At the end of the year, a newspaper published a half a page of heavy questions addressed to male politicians; and an other half, named From the Chamber (of Deputy, our note) to the Kitchen in which we, the parliamentarian women, were ask for coking recipes (Rodica Stanoiu, Minister of Justice in Adrian Nastase’s Govern interview in Popescu, L., 2008 p.113)
Possible explanations of the terrible Romanian phallocracy Women, Power, Leadership Perugia, Italy 11-12 October 2012 social and economic reasons: low access to financial resources and lack of a networks support boys network within the parties media approach angle: in Romanian politics women are not only less visible in relation to men but also treated by different standards. For men, what it matters is the political experience, professional expertise and for women the family status and physical appearance. (Roventa-Frumusani, D.,in Dragomir, O. et Miroiu, M., coord, 2002)
Preliminary observation: Women, Power, Leadership Perugia, Italy 11-12 October 2012 In the mediated Romanian politics, women are not only less visible than men, but also treated by different standards. For a man, the Procustean bed is the expertise; for women the essentials lay in the family status and attractiveness. For the young ones, there are romance stories to be told, while the older ones must settle with the cast of the evil witches, or reject their womanhood.
In most cases, media (re)create a romance (storytelling techniques) which link the political woman’s name with the name of a well-know/powerful man. Women, Power, Leadership Perugia, Italy 11-12 October 2012 http://baricada.wordpress.com/page/85/?pages-list
A new model/anti-model of woman politician Women, Power, Leadership Perugia, Italy 11-12 October 2012 Cancan and show exaggeration leads to a quasi-exclusion of women from serious political debate or (perverse effect) causes women to resort to alternative strategies to capture attention (pseudo events focused on femininity and not on competence, glossy photographical presence). This distorted pattern of the woman politician tend to generalize and cannibalizing the other models, which bear away the women who do not fit in the model and reinforce the gender stereotypes. Evz 10.11.2021, arhiva proprie
Case study: Elena Udrea Women, Power, Leadership Perugia, Italy 11-12 October 2012 Sursa foto: 1.Sesiune foto The one, arhiv ă proprie 2.http://ziarpiatraneamt.ro/elena-udrea-este- prim-ministru/http://ziarpiatraneamt.ro/elena-udrea-este- prim-ministru/ 3.Conferinta de presa, captura tv, arhiv ă proprie 4.Emisiune Acasa tv, captura tv, arhiv ă proprie
The followers: Women, Power, Leadership Perugia, Italy 11-12 October 2012 Elena Udrea is a model of politician which is imposing in Romanian politics, at any level, crossing political-party limits and cannibalize other models Sursa foto: 1. http://www.rtv.net/noua-elena-udrea-a-cabinetului-ungureanu-galerie-foto_14649.html 2. http://www.adevarul.ro/locale/botosani/Botosani-_Politista_sexy- curtata_de_politicieni_0_385761733.html 3. Arhiv ă proprie 5. Fluturas de campanie, arhiv ă proprie 6. http://www.citynights.ro/stiri/noua-udrea-e-bruneta
Our contribution to the project: Women, Power, Leadership Perugia, Italy 11-12 October 2012 Quantitative media analysis: The imagine of male/female politicians in the media The self-presentation of women politicians. The impact of successful model of women politician in the self-presentation of Romanian women politicians Gender stereotypes. Quantitative and qualitative analysis: The public perception of women politicians. The public need for the enforce of a men/women balance in Romanian politics The women politicians perception of the gender asymmetry of Romanian democracy
Selective bibliography: Women, Power, Leadership Perugia, Italy 11-12 October 2012 Dobos, Corina (coord) 2010 Politica pronatilista a regimului Ceausescu. O perspectiva comparativ ă [The Pro- life Politics of Ceausescu’s Regime. A Comparative Analysis] ed. Polirom Dragomir, Otilia, Miroiu, Mihaela(coord) 2002 Femei, cuvinte şi imagini [Women, Words and Imagines] ed. Polirom Gubin, Eliane; Jacques Catherine; Rochefort Florence; Studer Brigitte; Thebaud Francoise ; Zancarini-Fournel Michelle, 2004- Le siècle des féminismes, Paris,Editions de l’Atelier Kerbrat-Orecchioni, C., 1996 La conversation, Seuil Miroiu, Mihaela (coord) 2002 Lexicon feminist [Feminist lexicon] ed. Polirom Petre Zoie 2005 Promovarea femeii sau despre destructurarea sexului feminin [The Promotion of Women or Abou the Destructuration of Feminity] in Miturile comunismului romanesc [The Miths of Romanian Communism], coord Lucian Boia ed. Humanitas Philips, Anne 1995, The Politics of Presence,New York, Oxford University Press Philips, Anne, 1998 (ed) Feminism and Politics, New York, Oxford University Press Popescu, Liliana 1999 Gen si politica. Femeile din Romania in viata publica [Gender and Politics. The Romanian Women in the Public Sphere] ed. Meta Graphos Roventa-Frumusani, Daniela; Stefanel Adriana 2011 Identite narrative et identite discursive des fammes politiques roumaines in Cristina Constantopoulou Recites et fictions dans la societe contemporaine, ed. L'Harmattan Tremblay, Manon, 2008, 100 Questions sur les femmes et la politique, Montréal, Remue-Ménage Van Zoonen, Liesbet (1994), Feminist Media Studies, London, Sage.