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A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project The Role of University in Enhancing Agricultural Sector Catherine Chan-Halbrendt.

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Presentation on theme: "A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project The Role of University in Enhancing Agricultural Sector Catherine Chan-Halbrendt."— Presentation transcript:

1 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project The Role of University in Enhancing Agricultural Sector Catherine Chan-Halbrendt Ph.D. Jean Fantle-Lepczyk B.A. Ana Mane Ph.D.

2 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Outline Role of Public Agricultural Universities Role of Agricultural Economics Research US Land Grant Model and Funding Role of Education, Research and Extension Albanian Universities, Research Institutes and Funding Albanian Agricultural Sector Challenges to Ag Trade in Albania EU Integration Standards and Albanian Agriculture AHEED Project’s Role and Impacts Looking Forward Acknowledgements

3 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Role of Public Agricultural Universities Improvement of societal welfare through agricultural activities – Traditionally, teaching – Evolved to include research and extension – The ultimate goal: seamless integration of research, teaching and extension

4 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Role of Agricultural Economics Research Goal for the Ag Sector: Competitive in the Ag Sector Provide Health and Well-being of citizens Sustainability of the Natural Resources How to get there using Ag Economics Research: Human capacity building using economic principles and tools to conduct research Disseminating research and policy publications

5 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project U.S. Land Grant (Public) University Model Fundamental principles: Accessibility of higher education Practical, relevant and useful education Research for the public interest Connectedness to ALL the people

6 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Functional spirit of public universities * *remarks by W.J. Kerr, president of Oregon State University 1. The spirit of initiative—Pioneering; 2. The spirit of growth—Progress; 3. The spirit of equal opportunity for all— Democracy; and 4. The spirit of helpfulness—Service

7 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Research axis of excellence/technology Extension where the rubber meets the road Instructor-trained skills

8 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Land Grant Funding Model Private Tuition, competitive grants, trade associations, business, foundation Federal (US $32 Billion) Formula and competitive funds for relevant basic and applied research and outreach activities State and local governments

9 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Albanian Universities Traditionally, teaching Struggle to evolve to include research and extension activities Challenges: No similar US funding model for research and extension No reward guidelines and policies for excellence in research, teaching and extension Expectations low Low pay Collaboration based on friendships rather than complementarities of skills and needs

10 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Agricultural Research Institutes in Albania (Streamlined) In the early 1990’s, Albania had 18 agricultural research institutes staff members 342 researchers By mid-2006 this number has reduced by 50% to 9 agricultural research institutes 700 employees After reorganization in 2006, the existing agricultural research institutes were restructured into 5 Agriculture Technology Transfer Centers 1 Institute (Food Safety and Veterinary Institute)

11 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Research Funding in Albania Generally, Albanian agricultural research is funded by: Albanian government, via the Ministry of Agriculture Foreign agencies and assistance projects In some cases, the faculty and students fund themselves especially for graduate studies.

12 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Importance of Agricultural Sector in Albania 58% of total labor and 19 % of GDP comes from the agricultural sector One of the most important sectors of the Albanian economy About 56 % of the population live in rural areas, where agriculture is the main activity Productivity and value are low

13 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Agricultural products, competitive? Recent trends indicate Albania’s potential for a modern and competitive agricultural sector (increase self-sufficiency in vegetables, eggs, milk and fruits) If the right policy environment engenders sufficient private investment e.g. credit access a problem- 1% given to agriculture Albania’s competitive advantage derives from three fundamental factors: Climate Highly skilled labor force Proximity to markets

14 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Challenges to the Agriculture in Albania Funding for R4D is less than 1% Human capacity building slow in responding to changing environment Product quality and food safety (wine preferred Italian vs. domestic) Students are theoretically and not practically trained and trained students do not stay in agriculture Lack of connection between research and extension and farmer Production and marketing Issues (lack of market points in northern and eastern areas and post-harvest facilities) Finance and credit (1% goes to agriculture) Import/Export - Perception of local products vs. imports

15 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Import/Export, a Particular Challenge for Albanian Agriculture Huge deficit in agricultural trade. In 2007, $80 million in exports and $700 million in imports creating a skewed export to import ratio of 1:9 Still a net importer of agricultural and food products In 2009 largest value share of agricultural and food imports: live animals fruits and nuts fats and oils In 2009 largest value share of agricultural and food exports: Rawhides, skins, and other animal products Oilseeds and oleaginous fruits

16 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project EU Integration Standards Important to the Ag Trade Albania hopes to become an member of the European Union (EU) in the next decade EU integration creates opportunities Subsidies for rural and agriculture development Potential export opportunities to EU and international food markets EU integration imposes standards Product quality and safety Enhancement of efficiency If a strategic vision and planning is employed and implemented, Albania can ease the transition process for its agricultural sector

17 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project How the AHEED Project Can Help Ani, this slide still needs work Per Cathy we need to add: Now that the capacity building is on its way, it is up to the stakeholders to participate and capitalized the built capacity through collaboratively funding and prioritizing the research agenda. Maybe this can be worked in here??? What is the mission of AHEED to assist in the research – relevant research with extension, build faculty research capacity thus student’s capacity Research Capacity for Policy. Stronger stress should be given to the research and its conclusions regarding agricultural issues.

18 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Examples of Recent AUT Research Funded by the AHEED Project Consumer preferences for table olives, wine, olive oil, lamb meat, apples Value chain analysis of fruits and vegetables sub sector Evaluation of factors that influence implementation of QMS in the meat processing industry in Albania Alternatives of improving management of value chain for the greenhouse tomatoes production Alternative solutions for efficient use of refused land in Shëngjergj Commune in Albania

19 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project AHEED/USAID Funded Project Results Topic Consumer Demand YearStudy Location Important Product Attributes WTP for locally produced Olive Oil2009TiranaPrice, domestic12 leks from virgin to extra virgin Wine2009TiranaItalian, price Lambmeat2010TiranaDomestic Highland, PlainsDomestic over Imports leks Olives2011TiranaDomestic, Type (with seeds), Color (green, brown) 10 leks per kg for green olives Apples2011TiranaTypes (Green, yellow, red but not red yellow striped) Domestic and Big 10 leks per kg Milk2011TiranaLower fat 0-1.5%, DomesticN.S.

20 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Policy Implications Specific market commodity attributes to target Domestic product in demand - need to create more quality standards and supply at competitive prices (through new technology)

21 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project The AHEED Project’s Impact on Albanian Agriculture Creating linkages between university, extension services, farmers and policy makers Hosting workshops for faculty staff, extension and students Enabling research through scientific and financial assistance Especially, relevant Albanian agricultural crops: olive oil, table olives, apples, greenhouse vegetables Promoting AUT research at national/international conferences This conference originated via the AHEED project and has expanded in its 3 rd year Enhancing the graduate student experience via improved classes and research experience

22 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Extent of IMPACTS will depend on US. Excellent Coordination Well-oiled MachineExcellent Equipment Setting S.M.A.R.T. Goals Effective communication before and after. Balance needs. Reward teams and performers.

23 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Looking Forward Strong potential role for land grant type public institutions Provide technology and education program and socioeconomic information Provide outreach to industry in coordination with extension Provide infrastructure for reward for excellence in research Also a role for the government Stimulate, assist, and coordinate a nationwide network of regional, state, and local programs for technology development and industrial extension Provide funding for training, research and policy implementation

24 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Acknowledgements USAID (Jorgji Kristaq) HED AUT (Rector, Dean, Faculty, Students) Dr. Engjell Skreli Project Coordinator Dr. Ana Mane Kapaj Project Assistant Jean Fantle Lepczyk Ministry of Agriculture: Extension- Dr. Tatjana Dishnica Other Drs. Edvin Zhllima and Drini Imami

25 A lbania-Hawaii H igher E ducation and E conomic D evelopment Project Falemenderit Catherine Chan-Halbrendt Jean Fantle-Lepczyk Ana Mane


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