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Welcome to the OER Summit Wayne, Nebraska February 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to the OER Summit Wayne, Nebraska February 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to the OER Summit Wayne, Nebraska February 2013

2 Rapid scaleEducation budgets Economics of disruption

3 Rapid scale Education budgets Economics of disruption Moody’s Investors Services downgraded the outlook for all of higher education to “negative.” 1.Tuition revenue 2.State appropriations 3.Federal spending 4.Endowments 5.Philanthropy

4 Education budgets 1.Tuition revenue 2.State appropriations 3.Federal spending 4.Endowments 5.Philanthropy

5 Education budgets Federal appropriations per FTE are at their lowest point in 40 years.

6 Rapid scale Education budgets Economics of disruption

7 With 2.4 billion accessing the Internet LinkedIn has 220 users sharing professional profiles and networks Twitter has 500 million users, and sends 175 million tweets each day Facebook has more than 1 billion active users. 618 million on Facebook daily.

8 Rapid scale Education budgets Economics of disruption

9 Rapid scaleEducation budgets Economics of disruption

10 Can we create a deliberate, planned and effective approach to disruption?

11 The Kaleidoscope Context 1.Content as infrastructure 2.Innovation capacity as infrastructure 3.Discerning scale 4.Discerning disruption

12 The Kaleidoscope Context 1.Content as infrastructure 2.Innovation capacity as infrastructure 3.Discerning scale 4.Discerning disruption

13 The Kaleidoscope Context 1.Content as infrastructure 2.Innovation capacity as infrastructure 3.Discerning scale 4.Discerning disruption Licenses for sharing (Creative Commons) Processes for sharing Relationships for sharing Investment models for sharing Institutional support for sharing

14 Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative Charles Snare, VP Academic Affairs, Chadron State College Amber Gilewski, Assist. Professor Psychology, Tompkins Cortland CC


16 Before $2B in Department of Labor grants… Before the California open textbook bill… Before the British Columbia open bill… Private foundations had invested well over $100 million in open content Hewlett. Gates. Saylor. Lumina. Shuttleworth. CK12. Kresge. Spencer. Walter S Johnson. Moore.

17 Open Educational Resources Freedom to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute



20 Use open educational resources to improve student success 1.Eliminate textbook cost as a barrier 2.Drive assessment-driven enhancement of course designs and materials 3.Create a collaborative community to share learning and investment Project Goals

21 Why Kaleidoscope? Collaboration #1 – Valuing teaching “We must change the status of teaching from private to community property” – Lee Shulman Shulman argues the reason teaching is not more valued is “because the way we treat teaching removes it from the community of scholars”

22 Collaboration #2 Minimize loss of intellectual work on teaching and learning “To me the most important benefit of creating a community [around teaching and learning] is that we no longer lose a great deal of intellectual work that is regularly being done. Talented people find ingenious solutions to problems in learning every academic term, and traditionally most of that work is lost. When people know that there is a community of people who will look at their work, especially the cumulative intellectual work of several offerings of a course, they will be willing to take the modest extra steps of recording and reflecting on what they are already accomplishing as teachers. As a result there will be a large community of teachers whose decisions about how to teach will be informed by the collective effectiveness of the work.” D. J. Bernstein

23 Collaboration #3 Moving from the “deficit model” of teaching (Randall) to the creative problem approach “One telling measure of how differently teaching is regarding from traditional scholarship or research within the academy is what a difference it makes to have a ‘problem’ in one versus the other. In scholarship and research, having a ‘problem’ is at the heart of the investigative process; it is the compound of the generative questions around which all creative and productive activity revolves. But in one’s teaching a ‘problem’ is something you don’t want to have, and if you have one, you probably want to fix it. Asking a colleague about a problem in his or her research is an invitation; asking about a problem in one’s teaching would probably seem like an accusation.” Randy Bass

24 Collaboration #4 Post-Moneyball approach Heuristics applied by computers and humans Computers and humans employ different heuristics Each produce biases and blind spots

25 Implications for student learning (engagement; retention; graduation) Identify “moments of difficulty” – inability to understand (Salvatori) Blockage points in courses and programs (Tinto) Predictive analytics  Advise students  Early alert – students not succeeding

26 Cost Savings? Don’t worry about the scoreboard (Wooden) May come in other ways  Higher retention and graduation rates – cost per degree attainment measure  Currently treat all activities as having an equal impact on student learning – everything is high impact  Better understand when student “choice” is a choice  Move away from the “add a course strategy” (Parker Palmer) to a plan of connected learning (AAC&U)

27 CSC Institutional Experience Student learning does not occur by chance (Tinto)  Transitional thru Composition sequence Faculty professional development and network within program/discipline/colleges Teaching as a community property  Focus on area of expertise in course development  Areas of student learning difficulty points; sequencing Textbook/course materials cost savings The Six Phases of a Project What Got You Here Won’t Get You There

28 Using OER with the Kaleidoscope Project Amber Gilewski Assistant Professor of Psychology Tompkins Cortland Community College Dryden, New York

29 Impetus for the Kaleidoscope Project 70% of undergrads report not buying one or more textbooks due to cost 78% believe they would do worse if they didn’t have their own copy of the textbook to use Cost of textbooks is equal to 26% of tuition at state universities & 72% of tuition at community colleges (GAO, 2005) Major concern for community colleges who have lower graduation & retention rates Source: Student Public Interest Research Groups (PIRGS)

30 OER in Action: the Kaleidoscope Project Kaleidoscope was a cross-institutional collaboration Course designs used the best of existing OER Course designs used a common assessment process Project Kaleidoscope closed the loop on improved course design & student learning

31 Course Design Process 1.Define collective student learning outcomes 2.Create summative assessments 3.Identify core open resources 4.Create formative assessments 5.Identify supplemental open resources 6.Deliver courses 7.Evaluate and improve

32 The Kaleidoscope Project Goals Cost Effectiveness Outcomes  Metric: textbook cost/course/student  Goal: $50 average reduction Student Success Outcomes  Metric: academically-driven withdrawals  Goal: 5% reduction  Metric: grades of C or higher  Goal: 5% increase

33 Results in the Kaleidoscope Project BEFORE/USING # with C or better Withdrawals% passed% of Ws BEFORE OER90/17815/19350.56%7.8% USING OER69/1278/13554.33%5.9% -Compared 6 sections of Intro to Psych classes taught in Fall 2010 & Spring 2011 before using OER to 5 sections of Intro to Psych classes taught in Fall 2011 & Spring 2012 -Used open textbook written by Charles Stangor from Flatworld Knowledge, rSmart Sakai learning management system, and web- enhanced coursesopen textbook -Students could read book online for free, could buy a hard copy that was almost 50% cheaper than typical book, or other formats

34 Results in the Kaleidoscope Project 7.4% increase in those passing my Intro to Psych classes with a C or better while using OER 24% decrease in withdrawals while using OER 32% reported using the free online version of the text, 58% used the hard copy, and 11% used other formats


36 Success in OER Use OER are resources that can be used for free or at lower cost Choose OER carefully and remember you can often edit them Using OER can create more accessibility and affordability for students

37 Carnegie Mellon CC-OLI (Community College Open Learning Initiative) Pilot evaluation of effectiveness of online courses used with F2F classrooms For use in Statistics, Anatomy & Physiology, Biology, and Psychology courses (see if interested in participating) Intro to Psych class is based on the Flatworld Knowledge text used in Kaleidoscope Online activities that accompany the reading and allow students to practice what they are learning before getting to Checkpoints (quizzes)

38 My experience thus far…. Benefits Exciting Innovative Advised by experts in OER Free or low cost educational resources Increasing student success & retention Collaboration Challenges Learning curve for learning new systems Initially time consuming for new developers Experimental Collaboration Getting buy-in from other faculty

39 Opportunities to Engage Kim Thanos Kaleidoscope Program Manager

40 Faculty Members  Adopt an existing course, emphasize support and ease of use  Use your own OER  Use Kaleidoscope as a starting point and customize your course, with little collaboration  Actively engage in the project and community

41 Institutional Leadership  Monitor project leadership and support local work  Use Kaleidoscope as a starting point for institutional open strategy  Identify areas for shared investment and deep collaboration

42 System Leadership  Monitor project leadership support colleges  Lead a regional initiative  Strategically create an open niche for Nebraska and the system  Bridging programs with high schools  Systematic support for adoption  Textbook Zero programs  Engage in policy efforts to facilitate and fund open education

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