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Portable Text to Speech for Indonesian Language (Bahasa) Ilham Ari Elbaith Zaeni 安啓聖 DA220207 Presented on Seminar Class March 18, 20014 Dept of Electrical.

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Presentation on theme: "Portable Text to Speech for Indonesian Language (Bahasa) Ilham Ari Elbaith Zaeni 安啓聖 DA220207 Presented on Seminar Class March 18, 20014 Dept of Electrical."— Presentation transcript:

1 Portable Text to Speech for Indonesian Language (Bahasa) Ilham Ari Elbaith Zaeni 安啓聖 DA Presented on Seminar Class March 18, Dept of Electrical Engineering Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology

2 Outline Definition Background System Design Algorithm Hardware Implementation Result

3 Definition A text-to-speech (TTS): system converts normal language text into speech [wikipedia]wikipedia Syllable : a unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound, with or without surrounding consonants, forming the whole or a part of a word Language of Indonesia – Indonesia have >700 languages. – The official language is Indonesian (known as Bahasa Indonesia), a variant of Malay + other languages. [wikipedia]wikipedia

4 Language Number (millions) Year surveyed Main areas where spoken Indonesian/Malay throughout Indonesia Javanese (census) Northern Banten, Northern West Java, Yogyakarta, Central Java andEast Java Sundanese (census)West Java, Banten Madurese (census)Madura Island (East Java) Minangkabau West Sumatra, Riau Musi (Palembang Malay) [4] (census)South Sumatra Manado Malay (Minahasan) Minahasa, North Sulawesi Bugis South Sulawesi Banjarese (census) South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan Acehnese (census)Aceh Balinese (census)Bali Island and Lombok Island Betawi Jakarta etc

5 Englishonetwowaterpersonhousedogcoconut Kutainese satudueranamurangrumahkoyoknyiur Indonesian/ Malaysatuduaairorangrumahanjingkelapa Javanese sijilorobanyuuwongomahasukambil Sundanese hijiduacai/cijalmaimahanjingkalapa Madurese settongdhuwa'âênorengromapate'nyior Minangkabau cie'duoaieurangrumahanjiangkarambia Palembang Malay sikokduobanyuwongrumahanjingkelapo

6  Loan words of Sanskrit Origin ◦ भाषा bahasa (language), ◦ काच kaca (glass, mirror), ◦ राज - raja (king), ◦ मनुष्य manusia (mankind), ◦ भूमि bumi (earth/ world), ◦ आगम agama (religion), ◦ स्त्री Istri (wife/woman),

7  Loan words of Arabic Origin ◦ selamat ( السلام ‎ salaam = peace) ◦ dunia ( دنيا ‎dunya = the present world), ◦ Sabtu ( السبت ‎ as-sabt =Saturday), ◦ kabar ( خبر ḵ abar = news), ◦ ijazah ( إجازة ijāza = vacation), ◦ kitab ( كتاب kitāb = book), ◦ tertib ( ترتيب tartīb = orderly) ◦ kamus( قاموس qāmūs = dictionary)

8  Loan words of Chinese Origin ◦ pisau ( 匕首 bǐshǒu – knife), ◦ loteng, ( 樓 / 層 = lóu/céng – [upper] floor/ level), ◦ mie ( 麵 > 面 Hokkien mī – noodles), ◦ lumpia ( 潤餅 (Hokkien = lūn-piáⁿ) – springroll), lumpia ◦ cawan ( 茶碗 cháwǎn – teacup), ◦ teko ( 茶壺 > 茶壶 = cháhú [Mandarin], teh-ko [Hokkien] = teapot), ◦ 苦力 kuli = 苦 khu (bitter) and 力 li (energy)

9  Loan words of Portuguese Origin ◦ meja (from mesa = table), ◦ boneka (from boneca = doll), ◦ jendela (from janela = window), ◦ gereja (from igreja = church), ◦ bendera (from bandeira = flag), ◦ sepatu (from sapato = shoes), ◦ keju (from queijo = cheese), ◦ mentega (from manteiga = butter), ◦ Minggu (from domingo = Sunday)

10  Loan words of Dutch Origin ◦ polisi (from politie = police), ◦ kualitas (from kwaliteit = quality), ◦ rokok (from roken = smoking cigarettes), ◦ korupsi (from corruptie = corruption), ◦ kantor (from kantoor = office), ◦ resleting (from ritssluiting = zipper) ◦ gratis (from gratis = free)

11 Background Developed on 2005 for – LCEN competition – Bachelor degree final project on Dept of Electrical Engineering Brawijaya University. To help people who cannot speak It should be portable Why not applied on the smartphone? – Iphone released on – First Android (HTC Dream) released on 2008 [wikipedia_Smartphone].wikipedia_Smartphone

12 System Design Process that should do: – User can type a text using keypad/keyboard. – Text stored into memory – Text converted into syllable – Play sound that is corresponding the syllable.

13 System Design What is needed by the system – Text Editor Input > 26 button  Using 2 keypad 4x4 Display  LCD 2x16 Processor  Microcontroller AT89S8252 – Memory for the Sound ISD25120  Chipcorder from Windbond Audio Amplifier

14 Algorithm

15 Syllable spelling (on Bahasa) Bahasa have : vowel (a, e, i, o, u) consonant (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r,s, t, v, w, x, y, z) Diphthong (ai, au, oi) Consonants combination (kh, ng, ny, sy, etc)

16 Rule of spelling (on Bahasa) If there are two vowel in sequence, the words should be separated between two vowels. Ex: ma-in (play), bu-ah (fruit) If there is one consonant between two vowel, the words should be separated before the consonant Ex: sa-ya (i), ka-mu (you)

17 Rule of spelling (on Bahasa) If there is two consonant between two vowel, the words should be separated between the consonant Ex: man-di (take a bath), makh-luk (creature) If there is three consonant between two vowel, the words should be separated after the first consonant Ex: ul-tra, in-fra [wikisource]wikisource

18 Hardware Implementation

19

20

21 Result No.Input TextMeaning The expected output OutputCorrect/Wrong 1sayai/sa/ /ya/ correct 2andayou/an/ /da/ correct 3diahe/she/di/ /a/ correct 4intra /in/ /tra/-wrong 5merekathey/me/ /re/ /ka/ correct 6keluarout/ke/ /lu/ /ar/ correct 7alias /a/ /li/ /as/ correct 8anakchild/a/ /nak//a/ /na/ /ak/wrong 9trageditragedy/tra/ /ge/ /di//us/ /ra/ /ge/ /di/wrong 10bukaopen/bu/ /ka. correct 11angkanumber/ang/ /ka/ correct 12pramukascout/pra/ /mu/ /ka/ correct 13syairpoem/sya/ /ir/ correct 14karenabecause/ka/ /re/ /na/ correct 15artikulasiarticulation/ar/ /ti/ /ku/ /la/ /si/ correct

22 Reference nesia nesia e e jaan_Bahasa_Indonesia_yang_Disempurnakan_(1 987)/Bab_I jaan_Bahasa_Indonesia_yang_Disempurnakan_(1 987)/Bab_I


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